Jules Henri Poincaré Essay

Jules Henri Poincaré

Introduction: Henri Poincaré made significant contributions to many fields.

I. Early life and Education

II. Contributions to various fields

a. Mathematics

b. Physics

c. Philosophy

III. Nobel Prize just out of reach

Jules Henri Poincaré

Henri Poincaré was born Jules Henri Poincaré in Nancy, France on April 29, 1854. He is considered to be one of the last of the universal scholars. He was proficient in Mathematics, Physics, Astronomy, Engineering, and Philosophy. He died rather suddenly and unexpectedly on July 17, 1912 at the age of 58. While he made significant contributions to the many fields listed above, this paper will focus on his Mathematics, Physics, and Philosophy contributions. For example, Poincaré actually published a paper about what would later become known as Special Relativity before Einstein published his famous paper in 1905. In this paper I will compare and contrast Poincaré’s submission with Einstein’s submission. One point of contrast is that Poincaré retained the theory that there was a luminiferous ether that made up the vastness of the universe, while Einstein disregarded it. Perhaps this error combined with Poincaré’s untimely death explains why Einstein’s theory was exalted over his earlier work. This will be a point of exploration in this paper.

**Annotated Bibliography**

Gray, Jeremy. Henri Poincaré: A Scientific Biography, Princeton University Press, 2012. – This book is a biography of Poincaré from a scientific perspective. It will provide information about specific scientific works of Poincaré.

Ginoux, Jean-Marc, and Christian Gerini. Henri Poincaré: A Biography Through the Daily Papers, World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, 2014. – This book is a biography of Poincaré based on the papers published during his lifetime. It will provide information about the thoughts and ideas of Poincaré’s contemporaries.

Natalie, Pierre. “Jules Henri Poincaré: Timeline of Significant Dates.” Letters Mathematica, vol. 1, no. 1, Springer Milan, June 2013, pp. 83-87, doi:10.1007/s40329-013-0006-0. – This article contains a timeline of significant dates in the life of Poincaré. As such, it will give me a timeline for Poincaré’s major milestones.

Salient Del Colombo, Emma. “Einstein, Poincaré and Special Relativity.” Lettera Matematica, vol. 1, no. 1, Springer Milan, June 2013, pp. 77-78, doi:10.1007/s40329-013-0013-1. – This article explores the relationship that existed, if any, between Einstein and Poincaré. It will provide information about how the connection between Einstein and Poincaré may have resulted in the creation of the theory of Special Relativity.

Ivanova, Milena. “Poincaré’s Aesthetics of Science.” vol. 194, no. 7, 2017, pp. 2581-2594. doi:10.1007/s11229-016-1069-1. – This article explores how Poincaré strove to find beauty and unity in his work. It will help to understand and describe Poincaré’s philosophy of science.

Nastasi, Pietro. “A Nobel Prize for Poincaré?” Lettera Matematica, vol. 1, no. 1, Springer Milan, June 2013, pp. 79-82, doi:10.1007/s40329-013-0005-1. – This article describes the efforts made on Poincaré’s behalf to get him a Nobel Prize. It will help provide information about why Poincaré never received one.

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