Politics and Deaf Community Including Civil Rights

Politics and Deaf Community Including Civil Rights Students will submit a research paper (using MLA format) on an issue related to deafness that I approve (this approval shall be copied and pasted at the END of the research paper when turned in.)

Politics and Deaf Community Including Civil Rights
Politics and Deaf Community Including Civil Rights

At least one reference from either: Gallaudet Encyclopedia of Deaf People or American Annals of the Deaf must be used- Modesto Junior Library.

This is NOT a group assignment. See attached schedule for due dates. Your paper must be a minimum of 1400 words in the introduction, body, and conclusion. Your research paper must have a Minimum of three (3) references, with at least one reference from Gallaudet Encyclopedia (GE) OR American Annals of the Deaf (AAD).

Research Paper- topic

Pick a topic from below. The bullet points under each topic are SOME, but not all, points you need to consider as you write your paper. Topics are limited to only a couple of students per topic, so as soon as you check out the research on one and decide it is something you are comfortable with, email the professor at Floress@yosemite.edu If you do some preliminary research to decide on a topic, and want to ask about something not listed here, email the professor to ask. You are not approved to start writing on any topic until you get an email confirmation back. Have Fun! J

…..>>>>>>this is what I choose

Politics and the Deaf Community (including civil rights)

Are there deaf people in politics?

Who are they and what do they do?

How are they important to the Deaf community?

Are they effective in their jobs

Civil rights in the 1960s and 1970s

Civil rights in the 1960s and 1970s from reading Unit 8, why was there a counterculture movement and a push for civil rights in 1960s and 1970s?

Civil rights in the 1960s and 1970s
Civil rights in the 1960s and 1970s

How effective was the civil rights movement? Is there anything left to work on in the present?

Additionally, whatever sources you refer to in your main post, need to be cited in an MLA format. If you have questions about MLA, please see the Purdue Owl. You must use parenthetical, in-text citations to reference materials that are not your own analysis. If you have questions about that let me know.

The Myth of the Clash of Civilizations Essay Paper

The Myth of the Clash of Civilizations Essay Paper Find an article on the syllabus and critically engage with it.

The Myth of the Clash of Civilizations Essay Paper
The Myth of the Clash of Civilizations Essay Paper

This means a) correctly summarizing the author’s argument(s) and b) explaining why you (dis)agree. This is an exercise that will prepare you for the essay and the final exam, as you will be expected to critically engage with relevant research and argue your own point of view. On January 3, 1992, a meeting of Russian and American scholars took place in the auditorium of a government building in Moscow. Two weeks earlier the Soviet Union had ceased to exist and the Russian Federation had become an independent country.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages
Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages Imperialism was a controversial topic in European history.

Its advantages and disadvantages were greatly contested in late 19th and early 20th centuries. Your task in this assignment is to understand and evaluate the arguments used both for and against European imperialism. Keep in mind the period, 1890-1914.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages Assignment

The assignment is due in class on January 30 or 31

(Paper Copy, No Electronic Copies)

Late Penalty of 5% per Day

Paragraph 1 – 10 Points

In 400 words, summarize the arguments that Paul Beaulieu and Friedrich Fabri use to support imperialism. Put the ideas into your own words. Don’t copy sentences! Also, you must make direct reference to ideas present in the two documents. Don’t use outside sources.

Paragraph 2 ñ 10 Points

In 400 words, summarize the arguments that Anatole France and Wilfrid Blunt use to argue against imperialism. Put the ideas into your own words. Don’t copy sentences! Also, you must make direct reference to ideas present in the two documents. Don’t use outside sources.

Paragraph 3 ñ 10 Points

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

In 200 words, express your own personal opinion about European imperialism. Considering the documents you just read, do you think imperialism was good or bad for the countries and peoples of Europe? There is no wrong answer here, but you should use specific arguments to support your opinion.

Proper Paragraph Form, Grammar, Spelling and Punctuation ñ 10 Points

  1. Typed, double spaced, 12 point, Times New Roman font, 1 inch margins
  2. Take the time to write proper sentences and paragraphs. Edit your work.
  3. Course name, your name and student number on top right-hand corner of the first page.
  4. Stapled (no need for binders or cover pages)

The final document should be about 3-4 pages and about 1000 words. It needs to be printed (double-sided printing is ok) and given to me directly. No electronic copies of the assignment will be accepted.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

40 Points in total. Will be scaled to 20% of the final grade.

Colonialism and Modern Peoples (1891)

Paul Beaulieu

Beaulieu was a French economist who published works on a series of topics, including workers’ rights, women’s work in the 19th century and the nature of the modern state. He first published De la colonization chez less people’s moderns in 1874; the following passage comes from the fourth edition of the work in 1891.

It is impossible not to consider imperialism as one of the tasks imposed on the civilized states for the last four centuries, more particularly in our own age.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

The present-day world is composed of four different parts in terms of types of civilization. That of Western civilization our own part. A second part [is] inhabited by people of a different civilization, but organized in compact, coherent and stable societies and destined by their history and present character to govern them the Chinese and Japanese peoples for example. In the third part live peoples advanced enough in some respects, but ones that either stagnated or had not been able to constitute themselves as unified, peaceful, progressive nations, following a regular development…. India … before the British conquest, Java, and the Indochinese peninsula represent particularly this third type.

Finally, a great part of the world is inhabited by barbarian tribes or savages, some given over to wars without end and to brutal customs, and others knowing so little of the arts and being so little accustomed to work and to invention that they do not know how to exploit their land and its natural riches. They live in little groups, impoverished and scattered, in enormous territories that could nourish vast numbers of people with ease. This state of the world implies for the civilized people a right of intervention … in the affairs of the peoples of the last two categories.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

It is neither natural nor just for the civilized people of the West to be cooped up indefinitely and jammed into the restricted spaces that were their first home. Nor is it natural and just that they there accumulate the marvels of science, the arts and civilization, that they see the rate of interest fall more each day for lack of good investment opportunities, while they leave perhaps half the world to little groups of ignorant, ineffectual men who are like feeble children…or to exhausted populations, without energy, without direction, who may be compared to old men . . . Imperialism is often confused with commerce or with the opening of commercial markets…. Imperialism means something quite different from the sale or purchase of commodities. It entails a profound action on a people and a territory, providing the inhabitants with some education and regular justice, teaching them the division of labor and the uses of capital when they are ignorant of these things. It opens an area not only to the merchandise of the mother country, but to its capital and its savings, to its engineers, to its overseers, to its emigrants…Such a transformation of a barbarian country cannot be accomplished by simple commercial relations.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

Imperialism is thus the systematic action of an organized people upon another people whose organization is defective, and it presupposes that it is the state itself, and not only some individuals, which is responsible for the mission….

Colonization by capital is a very important phenomenon…. European capitalists and by this word we mean not only a banker, but every person putting aside a little money, a modest employee, a peasant, a worker, a spinster or a widow can work effectively at colonization, the exploitation of the globe, without leaving their firesides… All they need do is place their savings in an industrial enterprise that constructs railroads, digs canals, erects factories, and clears the land in the young countries. In putting their savings to this use, the inhabitants of the old world are not in any way delinquent in their duty to their home country. The countries where civilization is old, like England or France, are enormous producers of capital, and the difficulties in employing their colossal annual savings remuneratively in their own lands become great. Of course, the substantial funds of the old countries can always be put into industrial, agricultural or social improvements [in the home country]; but the export of a part of these funds across the seas to the adolescent countries, is much more productive for the entire human race. The same capital that will produce 3 or 4 per cent when invested in agriculture in France brings 10, 15, or 20 per cent in an agricultural enterprise in the United States, in Canada, on the Plata River [i.e., along the River Plate outlet bordering Argentina and Uruguay] in Australia, or in New Zealand. It is the same for funds put into building railroads…. in general terms, the old countries thus are becoming investors to which the rest of the world offers a growing profit . . .

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

The great value of colonies … is not only that they serve to catch the overflow population of the mother country, nor even that they open a particularly reliable area of investment for excess capital, it is also that they give a sharp stimulus to the commerce of the country, that they strengthen and support its industry and furnish to its inhabitants – industrialists, workers, consumers – a growth of profits, of wages, or of interest). But…. these advantages resulting from the prosperity of the colonies are not limited just to the mother countries; they extend to all the countries of the old world [i.e., Europe] and in fact there is not a nation which does not derive a real benefit from this increase in the productivity of humanity…. Imperialism has caused the opening of new sources of production…It is thus that unknown products have been brought to the consumers of Europe to increase their comfort… That is the first and incontestable result of imperialism. And this is the second: It is to open the new markets for the sale of products manufactured in Europe, markets more profitable and more expandable than those we have been limited to previously because the new societies have an ability to grow and to create and accumulate riches infinitely greater than the old societies. This trade is stimulated and extended, the division of labor is augmented; industry having before it wider openings can and must produce more and such production on a greater scale calls for new improvements and new advances.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

The advantages of which we have been speaking so far are general and apply not only to the mother countries, but to all the civilized countries, even those without colonies…. [But] it appears to us incontestable that the home countries gain a special advantage from their own colonies: first, it is the capital of the citizens of the mother country which is sent there, and in this more productive field it is assured of higher interest, which improves the fortunes of the investors, of which a good number, without doubt, remain in the mother country. Further, the community of language, habits, and traditions, gives an advantage to the home country overall foreign nations even in free trade with the colonies. The colonists retain for a long time the tastes of the mother country…. [and] their relations with her have a degree of intimacy that she rarely has with other nations…

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

It is extremely rare that a colony furnishes net revenue to the mother country: in infancy, it is notable, in maturity it does not want to…. Inasmuch as a colony must be administered by functionaries, and defended by soldiers and sailors, drawn from the mother country, it is probable that the mother country will be out of pocket a considerable sum….

Thus it is a great illusion to found colonies in the hopes of revenue: But on the other hand, the costs of colonies to the metropole [the mother country] have been singularly exaggerated by the adversaries of colonization….

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

Does Germany Need Colonies? (1879)

Friedrich Fabri

Fabri can be seen as a representative German advocate for imperialism in the 1870s and 1880s. He served as an inspector of the Barmen Rhine Mission in South West Africa. In this document, Fabri makes the case for German expansion. The work became so popular that it ran through numerous editions in the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Should not the German nation, so seaworthy, so industrially and commercially minded, more than other peoples geared to agricultural colonization, and possessing a rich and available supply of labor, all these to a greater extent than other modern culture-peoples, should not this nation successfully pave a new path on the road of imperialism? We are convinced beyond doubt that the colonial question has become a matter of life-or-death for the development of Germany. Colonies will have a salutary effect on our economic situation as well as on our entire national progress.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

Here is a solution for many of the problems that face us. In this new Reich [country] of ours there is so much bitterness, so much unfruitful, sour, and poisoned political wrangling, that the opening of a new, promising road of national effort will act as a kind of liberating influence. Our national spirit will be renewed, a gratifying thing, a great asset. A people that have been led to a high level of power can maintain its historical position only as long as it understands and proves itself to be the bearer of the culture-mission. At the same time, this is the only way to stability and to the growth of national welfare, the necessary foundation for a lasting expansion of power.

At one time Germany contributed only intellectual and literary activity to the tasks of our century. That era is now over. As a people we have become politically minded and powerful. But if political power becomes the primal goal of a nation, it will lead to harshness, even to barbarism. We must be ready to serve for the ideal, moral, and economic culture-tasks of our time. The French national-economist, Leroy Beaulieu, closed his work on colonization with these words: That nation is the greatest in the world which colonizes most; if she does not achieve that rank today, she will make it tomorrow.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

No one can deny that in this direction England has by far surpassed all other countries. Much has been said, even in Germany, during the last few decades about the disintegrating power of England. It has been customary in our age of military power to evaluate the strength of a state in terms of its combat-ready troops. But anyone who looks at the globe and notes the steadily increasing colonial possessions of Great Britain, how she extracts strength from them, the skill with which she governs them, how the Anglo-Saxon strain occupies a dominant position in the overseas territories, he will begin to see the military argument as the reasoning of a philistine.

The fact is that England tenaciously holds on to its worldwide possessions with scarcely one- fourth the manpower of our continental military state. That is not only a great economic advantage but also a striking proof of the solid power and cultural fiber of England. Great

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

Britain, of course, isolates herself far from the mass warfare of the continent, or only goes into action with dependable allies; hence, the insular state has suffered and will suffer no real damage. In any case, it would be wise for us Germans to learn about colonial skills from our Anglo-Saxon cousins and to begin a friendly competition with them. When the German Reich centuries ago stood at the pinnacle of the states of Europe, it was the Number One trade and sea power. If the New Germany wants to protect its newly won position of power for a long time, it must heed its Culture-mission and, above all, delay no longer in the task of renewing the call for colonies.

The Colonial Folly (1904)

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages Anatole France

Anatole France (1844-1924) was a French novelist who was active in the French socialist movement. Many socialists across Europe criticized the imperial ventures of their governments.

Imperialism is the most recent form of barbarism, the end of the line for civilization. I do not distinguish between the two terms imperialism and barbarism for they mean the same thing.

We Frenchmen, a thrifty people, who see to it that we have no more children than we are able to support easily, careful of adventuring into foreign lands, we Frenchmen who hardly ever leave our own gardens, for what in the world do we need colonies? What can we do with them? What are the benefits for us? Colonies have cost France much in lives and money so the Congo, Indochina, Annam, Tonkin, Guinea and Madagascar [all French colonies] may be able to buy cotton from Manchester, liquors from Danzig and wine from Hamburg. For the last seventy years France has attacked and persecuted Arabs so that Algeria [another French colony] can be inhabited by Italians and Spaniards!

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

The French people get nothing from the colonial lands of Africa and Asia. But their government finds it profitable. Through colonial conquest the military gets promotions, pensions and awards, in addition to the glory gained by quelling natives. Ship owners, army contractors and shady politicians prosper. The ignorant mob is flattered because it believes that an overseas empire will make the British and the Germans green with envy.

Will this colonial madness never end? I know well that nations are not reasonable. Considering their composition, it would be strange indeed, if they were. But sometimes they know instinctively what is bad for them. Through long and bitter experience they will come to see the mistakes they have made. And one day realize that colonies only bring danger and ruin.

Poor, wicked nineteenth century Farewell (1900)

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages Wilfried Blunt

Blunt was a British poet and anti-Imperialist who became particularly interested in Egyptian nationalism. The following selections are from his journals, and give you a taste of some the arguments against colonialism that would become more powerful in the twentieth century

9th Jan. 1896. The German Emperor has telegraphed his congratulations to Kruger [the Boer leader], and this seems to have produced great anger in England. We have now managed in the last six months to quarrel violently with China, Turkey, Belgium, Ashanti, France, Venezuela, America, and Germany. This is a record performance, and if it does not break up the British Empire nothing will. For myself I am glad of it all, for the British Empire is the greatest engine of evil for the weak races now existing in the world—not that we are worse than the French or Italians or Americans indeed, we are less actively destructive but we do it over a far wider area and more successfully. I should be delighted to see England stripped of her whole foreign possessions. We are better off and more respected in Queen Elizabeth’s time, the “spacious days,” when we had not a stick of territory outside the British Islands, than now, and infinitely more respectable. The gangrene of colonial rowdyism is infecting us, and the habit of repressing liberty in weak nations is endangering our own. I should be glad to see the end….

17th Oct. 1898. Arrived at Saighton. I have had it out with George [Wyndham, parliamentary under-secretary in the War Office] about Fashoda. He states the English case with brutal frankness. “The day of talking,” he says,” about legality in Africa is over, all the international law there is there consists of interest and understandings. It is generally agreed by all the powers that the end of African operations is to ‘civilize’ it in the interests of Europe, and that to gain that end all means are good. The only difference between England and France is which of them is to do it in which particular districts. England intends to do it on the Nile, and it makes no difference what the precise legal position is. We may put forward the Khedive’s rights if it is convenient or we may put forward a right of conquest or a right of simply declaring our intentions. One is as good as another to get our end, which is the railway from Cairo to the Cape. We don’t care whether the Nile is called English or Egyptian or what it is called, but we mean to have it and we don’t mean the French to have it. The Khedive may be kept on for some years a sort of Indian maharajah, but it will end in a partition of the Ottoman Empire between England, Germany, and Russia. France will be allowed Northwestern Africa. It is not worth-while drawing distinctions of right and wrong in the matter, it is a matter entirely of interest.”

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

15th June, 1899. The plot for annexing the Transvaal has taken a new development. Chamberlain [the colonial secretary], to force the hand of the government, has published a despatch of Milner’s [governor of Cape Colony] written on the 4th of May of the most aggressive kind, and the newspapers are full of flame and fury, the Daily News leading the chorus. They talk about

Milner’s “cool and impartial judgment” just as if Milner had not been specially selected by Chamberlain to put the job through. Milner was sent to Egypt ten years ago to convert English liberal opinion to the plan of remaining on there instead of withdrawing the garrison, and having succeeded in that mission he has been sent to the Cape to convert English liberal opinion to the idea of re-annexing the Transvaal. Milner, though an excellent fellow personally. is quite an extremist as an imperial agent, and his journalistic experience on the Pall Mall Gazette has given him the length of John Bull’s foot very accurately, so that he is invaluable to the empire builders. Now there will certainly be war in South Africa. They have tried every kind of fraud to get their way, but old Kruger has been too astute for them, so they will try force. They seem to have squared the German Emperor, France is in chaos, they think their opportunity come. Chamberlain will not rest until he has Kruger’s head on a charger.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

The Boers, however, will fight, and there is some chance of a general war between the Dutch and the English in South Africa, which may alleviate the condition of the only people there whose interests I really care for in the quarrel, namely the blacks. It will also be a beautiful exposure of our English sham philanthropy if at the very moment the Peace Congress is sitting at The Hague, we flout its mediation and launch into an aggressive war. Anything is better than the general handshaking of the great white thieves and their amicable division of the spoils….

22nd Dec., 1900. The old century is very nearly out, and leaves the world in a pretty pass, and the British Empire is playing the devil in it as never an empire before on so large a scale. We may live to see its fall. All the nations of Europe are making the same hell upon the earth in China, massacring and pillaging and raping in the captured cities as outrageously as in the Middle Ages. The Emperor of Germany gives the word for slaughter and the Pope looks on and approves. In South Africa, our troops are burning farms under Kitchener’s command, and the Queen and the two houses of Parliament, and the bench of bishops thank God publicly and vote money for the work.

Imperialism Advantages and Disadvantages

The Americans are spending fifty million a year on slaughtering the Filipinos; the King of the Belgians has invested his whole fortune on the Congo, where he is brutalizing the Negroes to fill his pockets. The French and Italians for the moment are playing a less prominent part in the slaughter, but their inactivity grieves them. The whole white race is reveling openly in violence, as though it had never pretended to be Christian. God’s equal curse be on them all! So ends the famous nineteenth century into which we were so proud to have been born.

Applied Knowledge of Civil Rights and Ramifications

Applied Knowledge of Civil Rights and Ramifications After completing this course, students should be able to make connections and analyze problems related to current events using knowledge of the historical context of diversity issues advocate within

Applied Knowledge of Civil Rights and Ramifications
Applied Knowledge of Civil Rights and Ramifications

interpersonal relationships, communities, and organizations, utilizing tools of diversity consciousness and applying knowledge of civil rights and the social ramifications of diversity

Applied Knowledge of Civil Rights and Ramifications

BEHS 220 students are required to submit a final project which is worth one-quarter of the final course grade. This project should reflect the student’s highest level of work. The Personal Action Plan for Diversity Consciousness requires students to reflect on what they have learned about diversity understanding, awareness and skills through a practical exercise which culminates in a final 5 to 7 page paper promoting diversity at the individual, community, and even global level. Because communication is a vital skill in promoting diversity awareness, this written project is expected to be thoughtful, well-organized, and well-written. Students may wish to consult with the Effective Writing Center and Information and Library Services for guidance.

Applied Knowledge of Civil Rights and Ramifications

The Personal Action Plan will consist of a written final product in which the following items are addressed:

PERSONAL GROWTH: 36 possible points

Reason(s) for taking the course? (4 points)

What are at least two ways in which my “diversity awareness” has been affected by taking this class? (8 points)

What are at least two ways in which my “diversity understanding” has been affected by taking this class? (8 points)

What are at least two ways in which my “diversity skills” have been affected by taking this class? (8 points)

What are at least two steps that I need to take to become a more diversity conscious individual? (8 points)

DIVERSITY BENEFITS: 12 possible points

What are at least three specific benefits that I will gain from valuing diversity? Support your response with evidence from your text and/or other materials (e.g. personal journals and Discussion posts, in-class presentations, external sources)

Applied Knowledge of Civil Rights and Ramifications


What is the role of communication in promoting diversity awareness? Provide in-text citations from your text and/or other external sources. Use APA format. (8 points)

What are at least two ways in which I will improve my communication skills to help others work more productively with me? (8 points)

DIVERSITY GOALS: 8 possible points

What are at least two of my most important diversity goals for the future?

DIVERSITY ACTIONS: 16 possible points

What are three specific ways I will achieve my diversity goals and contribute to creating an environment that values diversity? (Specify whether contributions will have a personal, community or global impact) (12 points)

What resources will I need to honor these commitments? (4 points)


Writing is clear, concise and comprehensible (4 points)

Errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization, syntax, grammar, etc. are minimal and do not detract from the author’s meaning (4 points)

In-text citations and references are properly cited using APA style (for assistance with APA style, consult Information and

Library Services) (4 points)


Applied Knowledge of Civil Rights and Ramifications

Length: Your report will be 5-7 double spaced pages in length, not including the title page or reference page

Font: 12 point; Arial or Times New Roman

Margins: 1 inch on all sides

Pagination: Page numbers should be included on every page except the title page.

Title Page: Should include the title of your report and your name centered on the page.

References: Your last page should list all of the sources you have used in alphabetical order and in APA format.

Citations: Remember to cite any language, information or ideas that are not your own in order to avoid plagiarism. In–text citations and references should be in APA format.

Tone: This is a formal written assignment. Avoid using jargon, slang, contractions or colloquialisms.

Syntax: Grammar, spelling, capitalization and sentence construction are important. Always proofread your work!

Resources: Students are encouraged make use of the UMUC Effective Writing Center as well as Information and Library Services

when preparing their Personal Action Plans.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued Will Building A Wall Fix The Problems That Trump Has Issued? Student Name

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued Ineffectiveness of the Mexican wall

Trump is presidency has been advocating various changes that would return America to its former greater heights.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued
Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

As part of his plans, the President advocated the creation of a large wall across the Mexican border that would impede the entry of illegal immigrants in the country. Based on his perception, citizens that exist in America illegally are behind heinous crimes and the distribution of drugs. The government even faced a major shutdown in an effort to push the Congress to provide funds for the wall project. President Trump is Mexican border wall idea started during his campaign period, whereby he used the agenda as his ascendency to become the country is leader. According to him, immigrants are the causers of most of the serious legal issues and their entry through borders can be stopped through a large barrier made of steel. He used nations like Sweden as an example of how external entrants because crime waves that affect the lives of legal nationals. The wall also wants to be built because Trump believes that immigrants are the highest bringers of illegal drugs and a barrier would result in a massive change. Furthermore, the wall is an inexpensive option towards the dealing of immigration issues in the country. However, his proposals are misconstrue and are not as effective as perceived. President Trump is wall will not be a solution to his problems as his information is not only inaccurate but would create tensions and will not offer a permanent solution.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

Trump believes the wall would harbor the entrants of immigrants that cause a lot of trouble within the nation. Based on his statements, the President believed that nations such as Sweden are facing lots of problems because of the existence of illegal immigrants. For example, he stated that the crime wave in Sweden is caused by Muslim immigrants that are creating crime waves which he wants to inhibit from happening in America (Beauchamp 2017). However, his use of the situation in Sweden as the motivation behind the wall lacks any sufficient evidence. According to Beauchamp, the claims that rape has increased in the country as a result of Muslim nationals is incorrect. The rate of sexual assaults has stayed constant in the country over the years. By 2014, Sweden had a murder rate of eighty seven cases annually in a region that has approximately ten million citizens. The statistics that he uses are therefore incorrect and have no solid evidence. The problems that he says exist in Sweden and can be stopped from happening in America are non-existent which shows that the wall will not be causing any changes.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

Furthermore, Trump believes that the wall will stop those that enter across the border illegally since they are the most responsible for the entrance of drugs in the country. Fighting the drug war has been a common theme in America for decades. Officials have been trying to combat the problem and the president believes that the wall would stop traffickers from entering. The immigrants use the border as a quick and easy avenue for entering into the country. However, statistics show that Trump is solution is not only misguided but would not have much of an impact in the war against drugs. Majority of the content is passed through official checkpoints that are properly guarded by security (Campoy 2017). People who distribute the destructive content do not use unsuspected border entries as the president expected. Border patrol agents let them pass through showing where the security problem lies. Campoy also explains that some of the drugs are delivered into the country through the use of commercial planes that undergo scrutiny of American officials. Some people even masquerade illegal drugs as food cans reducing the possibility of suspicion from securities. The problem does not seem to be illegal immigrants but inspection by American security. It seems that creating a wall would hardly have any impact on the war against drugs which makes it an irrelevant solution.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

The president perceives that the barrier would stop the immigration problem at cheap costs. Trump stated that his strategy would not only be an inexpensive option but the funding would be paid by the Mexican government. The project would cost in its entirety around $20 billion and a starting amount of $5 billion would suffice (Benen 2018). However, reports show that the expenses are much higher than they are stated to be. In its entirety, the government would require $59.8 billion to construct the barrier (Nowrasteh 2019). The figures are more than ten-times the amount proposed by the president. The reason is because the wall will not be made of concrete but from steel. The material would require a large expenditure which could be difficult to fund.  Nowrasteh explains that the project could even cost much higher due to cost overruns. Also, the wall would require consistent maintenance to uphold its quality which would also surge the expenses. Trumpís solution seems ineffective as it is not as inexpensive as proposed. The project will not be successfully completed because the funds are not available.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

The wall is also seen as the solution towards restoring America to its former heights of glory. The building of the Mexican wall was used to encourage the presidentís vision of ìMaking America Great Againî (Keith, 2019). In his view, America would become the united and economically powerful nation that it was in the past. Building the barrier would keep away anyone else that would threaten that image, making it a recommendable tool. However, creation of the wall would have a disastrous effect and would even cause further internal division. A large part of the land is owned by private land owners some of whom are not supportive of the idea of the wall being built on their property. The Native American tribes are some of the massive private holders of the area that is critical for the projectís construction. Since they do not share the same opinion as Trump on the issue, taking their land would only create tensions with the indigenous communities. The last time the government tried to construct on their lands, it ended up violating the burial grounds and tampering with human remains (Bier 2017). Such an action is highly disrespectful and considering the tensions that exist with the Native Indian community, building the wall would on exacerbate it. Trumpís plans would also hinder America from becoming glorious as it would affect its diplomatic and economic relations with Mexico. Diplomatically, the fact that the president wants the Mexican to handle the financial costs has eroded the relationship between Trump is and Mexico is government (Bier). Economically, placing the burden on Mexico would mean that it would affect the two countries trade agreements. Also, American taxpayers would cover the costs through the goods they buy from the South American country.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

Furthermore, Trump is reason for the wall is because it provides a permanent and fool-proof approach towards immigration. The use of a massive steel wall will make it impossible for immigrant to find a passage into country since it would it will not have any downsides to it. Furthermore, the president also said it would be aesthetically appealing, an extra addition to its secure features (Keith). Trump is proposal is inadequate since the barrier still has mane weakness and cannot be a fool-proof solution as perceived. Natural events can still destroy or cause a significant damage to the barrier. According to Bier, border agents are already worried that if the wall does not have a system to let water pass through, it would destroy a large section as a result of water accumulated from rain. Furthermore, even though the wall will use a hard material that is not easily penetrable, the steel would be liable to getting cut through. Trump also stated that nobody can be able to go over it due to its long height but realized that people can still use a rope to climb down (Bier). The wall will not completely impede entry efforts since border entrants can still mount it. Past cases have shown that those that cross borders can use ladders high walls with relative ease (Bier). Therefore, individuals that are determined to go over the body will find a way to circumvent the situation. Tunnels have for a long time been used to bypass border fences and security. Since majority of the wall is height will be above the ground, border crossers have the knowledge to install tunnels that give them an underground bypass. An opaque will also obstruct the patrols agent field vision that is commonly used in the usual border fences. See through barriers allow them to spot illegal immigrants thus giving them the opportunity to get mobilized. Therefore, the wall does not provide a permanent solution to the ongoing problem.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

An example of a similar wall that only worsened the political situation is Israelís West Bank barrier. The barrier is a separation between Israel and Palestine that was used as a solution towards controlling Palestinian is entry into Israel (Lowery 2008). The problem with is that it has negatively affected the Palestinian community and caused social deterioration. While Israelites perceive it as a security measures against terrorism, while the other perceive it as a racist mark of separation that increase the tension between the two nations. According to Lowery, the presence of the wall has allowed soldiers to be more abusive towards the other population that they are keeping away from entrance. Furthermore, it has pushed Palestinians into economic obscurity which has increased criminal activity as a survival tactic. The wall demonstrates how dangerous a similar outcome could happen between the United States and Mexico. South Americans will feel oppressed by the structure as it will harbor their chances to find better economic opportunities. Therefore, it will heighten tensions and a violent relationship with the United States might be the result.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

On the other hand one could argue about previously successful wall establishments such as the San Diego border sector. It was used as a protective measure from unlawful entry into the United States and it had a significant impact on the reduction of the activity (Bier). After receiving reinforced fencing and more patrol agents were included, the number of people that were being caught trying to pass through reduced. Although initial change was witnessed, San Diego border sector only shifted their problem to other places. Illegal entrants turned their attentions to other close locations, and the number of activity soon increased. In Trump is case, building the wall would only move the process to a different area where security is less tight.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

A better alternative to Trump is suggestion of building a wall would be to increase security on ports of entry. Most security threats such as the entrance of gang members have been discovered at the entry points. Drug carriers do not enter in between the sections as Trump perceives, which means that better security is mandated in such areas. Also considering that a large amount of drugs finds its way in the country through commercial airlines, a wall will not have any impact on apprehending such criminals. The best approach would be to increase scrutiny at ports of entry and airports and increase the number of agents that handle the situation for the best results.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued

In conclusion, Trump’s solution to build a wall on the Mexican border to control immigration is not as effective as it appears. His motivations are filled with inaccurate statistics that disprove his misconstrued perception that immigrants are causing crime waves in other countries, is inexpensive since most drug distributors pass through the border. The President is tactic would not make America great again since it would cause internal tensions and trade problems with Mexico. Furthermore, it is not a permanent solution since a lot factors affect its stability such as natural catastrophes. A better alternative would be the heightening the security of Americaís ports of entry since that is where most illegal drugs find entrance.

Building a Wall to Fix the Problems That Trump Issued Work Cited

Beauchamp, Zack. ìWhat President Trump gets wrong about immigrants and crime in Swedenî, Vox, 2017. https://www.vox.com/world/2017/2/20/14669572/sweden-trump-immigrant-crime

Benen, Steve. ìA wall would cost far more than $5 billion, so why have this fight?î MSNBC, 2018. http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/wall-would-cost-far-more-5-billion-so-why-have-fight

Bier, David. ìWhy the Wall Wonít Workî, CATO Institute, 2017, https://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/why-wall-wont-work

Campoy, Ana. ìTrump now wants his wall to stop drugs instead of immigrants, but it wonít work for that eitherî, Quartz, 2017. https://qz.com/968572/trumps-proposed-wall-wouldnt-do-much-to-curb-the-flow-of-drugs-into-the-us/

Keith, Tamara. ìOnce A Fence, Later Slats, Almost Always A Wall: Trump’s Border Wall Contradictionsî, NPR, 2019. https://www.npr.org/2019/01/11/683920624/once-a-fence-later-slats-almost-always-a-wall-trumps-border-wall-contradictions

Lowery, George. ìThe effects of Israel’s West Bank barrier: Hopelessness, shattered lives and distrust, says Cornell scholarî, Cornell Chronicle, 2008. http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2008/07/cornell-sociologist-studies-israels-west-bank-barrier

Nowrasteh, Alex. ìThe Cost of the Border Wall Keeps Climbing and Itís Becoming Less of a Wall.î CATO Institute, 2019. https://www.cato.org/blog/cost-border-wall-keeps-climbining -its- becoming -less-wall

Supremacy Clause Secures Federal Rights

Supremacy Clause Secures Federal Rights The Supremacy Clause secures federal rights, created elsewhere, by giving them priority whenever they come in conflict with state law.

Supremacy Clause Secures Federal Rights
Supremacy Clause Secures Federal Rights

Here are a few recent cases you might consider (but please feel free to find your own as well):

Jane Doe v. Office of Refugee Resettlement

Coventry Health Care v. Nevils

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA v. THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA (still working through the system, but here is the complaint: https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=https%3A%2F%2Fstatic.reuters.com%2Fresources%2Fmedia%2Feditorial%2F20180307%2Fdojvcalifornia–complaint.pdf (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.)

South Dakota v. Wayfair

Research: You are to find/analyze a recent case where a state law was in conflict an individualís federal rights and the court decided the case in part or entirely on the Supremacy Clause.

Share: Provide a summary of the details of the case for your classmates.


Primary Civilizations in Afro Eurasia

Primary Civilizations in Afro Eurasia 1) There were four “Primary Civilizations” in Afro-Eurasia: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley Civilization, and Ancient China.

Primary Civilizations in Afro Eurasia
Primary Civilizations in Afro Eurasia

Choose two of them and compare and contrast them in terms of politics, culture, and religion. When farmers began to grow crops on the irrigated floodplain of Mesopotamia in Southwest Asia, they had no consciousness that they were embarking on a radically new experiment in human organization. The nearly rainless but abundantly watered valley of the lower Tigris and Euphrates rivers was an environment capable of supporting far larger concentrations of population and much greater cultural complexity than could the hill country where agriculture first emerged.




You will write a short 2-3 page reflection paper about your experience playing and thoughts about the game (Please use APA style as you use for your inquiries). We will discuss your notes and reflections in class.Be prepared to discuss your choices, the thought process behind them, and other reflections.

Please remember to define terms, provide in-text citations and reference other class material if appropriate. Include a reference page that will not count toward the 2-3 pages. No title page is necessary for this paper 35

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

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Difference between Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

Difference between Civil Liberties and Civil Rights Discussion

Difference between Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Difference between Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
  1. Explain the difference between civil liberties and civil rights. What types of current political issues related to civil liberties?
  2. In your own words, describe the protections contained in the 9th and 10th Amendments. Explain how the protections in these amendments differ from Amendments 1–8.
  3. Analyze the language of the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment. Explain how this clause affected the relationship between the Bill of Rights responsibilities required of the federal government and Bill of Rights responsibilities required of the state governments.

“No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.” – 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

  1. In your own words, define the incorporation doctrine and the practice of selective incorporation. Explain how the significance of the Due Process Clause of the 14thAmendment as they relate to these concepts.
  2. The fact that African Americans and women were denied the right to vote seems implausible today. But many groups are still restricted from voting. Create a list of these groups (for example, ex-felons, legal aliens, people under age 18), and discuss why these groups do not have the right to vote and whether they should. Include reference to efforts in 2018 to expand and protect voting rights. You can find news articles about these efforts.