Employee satisfaction Essay Assignment

Employee satisfaction
Employee satisfaction

How to satisfy the employees and how does employee satisfaction impacts the productivity. Difference between local oil companies and international companies standards in treating the employees.

Organisational behavior of oil companies

Below are my research questions

How could improving organization behavior influence the employees satisfaction?

Would providing and improving facilities increase productivity?

I want to write about employees satisfaction in terms of tangible and intangible factors and also in terms of safety, services provided, facilities, compensations and benefits.

the main methods I used is Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and also x and y theory

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Global labor standards Research Paper

Global labor standards
Global labor standards

Global labor standards

Read the handout “Global labor standards”. (File uploaded) How would you approach the issues associated with subcontracting? What can western retailers do in counties where the rule of law is week and the incentive to fabricate building certificates and inspection reports is great? Do you think the NYU Center for Business and Human Rights proposal for “direct, strategic sourcing” (page 26, link below) is a viable alternative? How effective do you think it will be?

http://www.stern.nyu.edu/sites/default/files/assets/documents/con_047408.pdf

no need to reference anything as this is just a class discussion

GLOBAL LABOR STANDARDS
On April 24, 2013, an eight-story building comprised of retail stores and garment factories called
Rana Plaza collapsed in Savar, an industrial suburb of Dhaka, killing 1,137 people and injuring
more than 2,500. Most of the victims were factory workers who stitched garments for export to
developed countries.

Some of the survivors described the collapse as similar to an earthquake, starting with a loud
cracking sound followed by the floor opening up beneath their feet as the beams broke in half.
Investigations uncovered that cracks had appeared in Rana Plaza the day before its collapse
and the shops on the lower floors had been evacuated. Because of frequent power cuts, heavy
generators had been installed on the factory premises to keep the production line active at all
times and caused major vibrations throughout the building while running. Authorities had
approved only five of the eight floors that were actually built. Both the police and the
Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA), one of the largest
trade associations in Bangladesh representing the garment industry, had told Sohel Rana, the
building’s owner, that his building was unsafe, but Rana ignored them and the factories stayed
open. Workers were told by factory managers that the building had been inspected once more
and was now considered safe, and also received threats that they would be fired if they did not
show up to work.

Rana was arrested and initially charged with negligence. On June 1, 2015 the police in
Bangladesh filed formal murder charges against Rana and 40 others, including his parents, several factory owners in the building, and at least a dozen government officials. Charges for building code violations were also submitted to a court in Dhaka against 18 people, 17 of whom were among those charged with murder, including Rana and his parents.

Before the collapse, Rana Plaza had housed five different garment manufacturers: New Wave
Bottoms on the second floor, Phantom Apparels on the third, Phantom Tac on the fourth, and Ether Tex and New Wave Style on the sixth and seventh floors. Because of widespread subcontracting, few retailers knew straightaway whether their products had been made at Rana Plaza or not. Primark was one of the few companies that promptly admitted that they had
contracted with New Wave Bottoms, and made a unilateral commitment to compensate the victims and their families. Ether Tex claimed to have produced clothing for Walmart at their Rana
Plaza facility, but Walmart denied the allegation. As branded garments and copies of contract orders were found in the rubble, some retailers went through their own records and realized they had to walk back some of their previous statements, including Benetton.

The Ready Made Garment (RMG) Industry in Bangladesh
Rana Plaza was not the first deadly factory accident to occur in the Bangladeshi ready-made
garment (RMG) industry. An estimated 500 people had been killed in factory accidents over the
past decade, including 73 workers in an earlier factory collapse in Savar in April 2005. 90
percent of the country’s buildings do not meet building codes, and weak infrastructure and poor
electrical supply increase the risk of fires in factories.
Bangladesh is a country of 160 million people with the greatest population density in the world.
The garment industry accounts for 80% of Bangladesh exports and 18% of the country’s GDP.
Its global competitiveness in this industry is considered to be ranked second only to China and
has helped alleviate widespread poverty. But its comparative advantage is its ability to produce
low cost garments at high capacity with good quality needlework. It is dependent on raw material imports, lacks sufficient skilled labor, and has had continuing political instability.

Freedom House rates Bangladesh as a “partly free” country, and corruption is widespread— even in the garment industry, where many members of Parliament have personal investments in
the garment business. Labor rights have historically not been well protected, and the US State Department considers “poor working conditions and labor rights” to be among the most pressing human rights issues in Bangladesh.

Subcontracting practices and the lack of inspectors and regulatory oversight remain a serious
problem. Larger manufacturers who have contracts with Western companies frequently subcontract work to smaller factories, both as a cost-cutting strategy for prime contractors, but also to ensure that orders are completed on time, which may be required if they take on more orders than they have capacity for in their own facilities. A common practice in the Bangladeshi garment industry is to deduct 5 percent of the price for each week that an order is delayed,
which gives factory owners and managers an incentive to push their workers to maximum
production and, in the case of Rana Plaza, at the cost of lives. Retailers also risk losing control
of an increasingly complex supply chain.

The use of agents who help facilitate deals between Western buyers and Bangladeshi suppliers
further increases this complexity and reduces transparency. Agents also contribute to weaker
relationships between buyers and suppliers by offering retailers flexibility and by negotiating
short-term contracts. This may lead to downward pressure on labor standards as suppliers may
delay investment in their facilities to improve working conditions due to the insecurity of short term contracts.

Multiple Parties
Some argue that the national government needs stronger, more effective regulation of the
garment industry and should raise the minimum wage, improve factory conditions, and enforce
basic safety standards. But others point to the increasing costs that these regulations would
incur, which would make Bangladeshi products less attractive on the global market. Many
western consumers advocate living wages and decent hours for garment workers in Bangladesh
while demanding cheap clothes in stores at home. Western retailers create jobs, pay taxes, and
contribute to the common good in developing countries, but also wish to supply the growing
demand from consumers in North American and European markets and the low costs of
Bangladesh products create attractive margins.

The Bangladeshi government
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina came to power after leading a coalition of 14 parties to victory in
the election in 2008. The election was on the whole considered relatively fair and free by most
international observers. However, her reelection on January 5, 2014 was more controversial.

The main opposition party boycotted the election after they feared an unfair contest. Freedom
House, an American NGO, rates Bangladesh as a “partly free” country. 2013 was one of the
most violent in Bangladesh since the country gained its independence; about 500 people died in
protests and political clashes. Hasina’s government has promised to improve labor standards in
the country, but progress on inspections, conditions and benefits for workers has been slow.

Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers & Exporters Association (BGMEA)
BGMEA is one of the largest trade associations in the country representing the RMG sector.
Since its inception, BGMEA has been dedicated to promote and facilitate the apparel industry
through policy advocacy to the government and services to its members. Its membership base
has grown rapidly over the years. BGMEA had less than 400 factories among its members in
1984 that altogether employed some 120,000 workers. Today it has about 4,500 member
factories employing 4 million garment workers.

Factory owners
There are about 4,500 registered garment factories in Bangladesh. Some of the manufacturers
are important players in the global market. Because the textile industry amounts to about 80
percent of Bangladesh’s total exports, the larger manufacturers dominate the BGMEA and have
substantial influence in the Bangladesh business, civic, and political community. Some of the
large factories meet building and safety standards and are frequently visited by major buyers for
whom they are prime contractors. However, smaller, independently owned factories take on
many subcontracts from the prime contractors. Sometimes these subcontractors in turn
subcontract orders to other factories, which makes the supply chain even more complicated.
Many of these small and independent factories have very low wages and poor working
conditions.

Garment workers and labor unions
Bangladesh garment workers frequently work very long hours. A typical worker may stitch 120
pairs of trousers per hour, 10 hours a day, six days a week, and 50 weeks per year. That
amounts to 360,000 pairs of trousers annually. And many workers do this for wages starting at
$68 a month. Labor rights have historically not been well protected. The American State
Department considers “poor working conditions and labor rights” to be among the most pressing
human rights issues in Bangladesh. After Rana Plaza, the Bangladeshi government has made it
easier to join and start labor unions. In 2013 alone, 96 new trade unions registered with the
Department of Labor, bringing the total number up to 222.

International Labor Organization (ILO)
The ILO was founded in 1919 as a specialized agency within the United Nations. Its mission is
to promote social justice and internationally recognized human and labor rights. The tools that it
has at its disposal include conventions which produce recommendations for minimum standards
of labor rights, including freedom of association, collective bargaining, and the right to organize.
The ILO can also provide technical assistance and training to labor and employer organizations.
As with many international organizations, one of the most frequent points of criticism directed at
the ILO is that it lacks the power to enforce the standards it sets.
Western consumers
In 1997, the average woman in the United Kingdom bought 19 items of clothing a year. Ten
years later, in 2007, the number had jumped to 34. The demand for cheap garments has grown
significantly over the past decades. Bangladesh exports about $25 billion worth of garments
every year, which is equivalent to almost a fifth of the country’s GDP. Most of the goods are
bought by retailers in Europe and North America.
Western retailers Of Bangladesh’s garment exports, about 60 percent go to the European Union, 25 percent to America and 5 percent to Canada. Among the major European retailers are HRM, Adidas,
Benetton, Mango, Next, Zara, and Primark. American retailers buying Bangladeshi products
include Gap, J.C. Penney, L.L Bean, Macy’s, Target and Walmart.

Garment manufacturing in Bangladesh is important to the country and attractive to investors.
Low labor costs and high quality products have generated the industry’s rapid growth.
In the aftermath of Rana Plaza

The Rana Plaza tragedy put a harsh light on factory safety, weak enforcement of standards,
little transparency for subcontracting practices and widespread competition with other countries
eager to expand their garment industry. Bangladesh risks losing their competitive edge unless
they act on these problems.1 Reform requires action from global buyers, local suppliers, governments and development organizations.
The continuing challenge for Bangladesh is whether it can improve working conditions, strengthen business relationships, increase oversight and inspections, strengthen workers’ ability to advocate change and reform public policies in ways that upgrade the garment sector while maintaining its competitive position in the global market.

A key question is whether common ground can be found where many of the parties can come
together around solutions that they feel benefit them, or if change will have to come through
unilateral action.

Some measures have already been taken by the Bangladeshi government as well as by foreign
governments, the international community, and Western retailers. There is evidence of
improvements. But have the measures been sufficient? What could have been done differently?
And what should each party do next to prevent another Rana Plaza from occurring in the future?

Sources Consulted
Julfikar Ali Manik and Jim Yardley, “Building Collapse in Bangladesh Leaves Scores Dead” (news article in The New York Times, April 24, 2013)

Julfikar Ali Manik and Nida Najar, “Bangladesh Police Charge 41 With Murder Over Rana Plaza Collapse” (news article in The New York Times, June 1, 2015)

“Disaster in Bangladesh – Rags in the ruins: A tragedy shows the need for a radical improvement of building standards (news article in The Economist, May 4, 2013)

“Another Beating” (news article in The Economist, January 11, 2014)

Jason Burke, “Rana Plaza: one year on from the Bangladesh factory disaster” (news article in The Guardian, April 19, 2014)

Kim Bhasin, “A Year After Deadly Collapse, Bangladesh’s Garment Industry Remains Broken” (news article in the Huffington Post, April 24, 2014)

Pamela Engel, “Here Are Some Of The Biggest Brands That Make Clothes In Bangladesh” (news article in Business Insider, May 13, 2014)

BGMEA at a Glance, Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) (online publication, undated)

Bangladesh, Freedom House (online publication, undated)

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013: Bangladesh, U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (government publication, undated)

“Bangladesh Reduced Number of Poor by 16 million in a Decade” (press release from The World Bank, June 20, 2013)12

Sanchita Banerjee Saxena and Véronique Salze-Lozac’h, “Competitiveness in the Garment and Textiles Industry: Creating a supportive environment – A Case Study of Bangladesh” (Occasional Paper No. 1, July 2010 from The Asia Foundation)

Achim Berg, Saskia Hedrich, and Sebastian Kempf, “Bangladesh’s ready-made garments landscape: The challenge of growth” (case study by Mckinsey & Company, Inc., November 2011)

Rosemary Westwood, “What does that $14 shirt really cost? From the archives: Bangladesh disaster raises tough questions about cheap clothes” (infographic and article from Maclean’s, May 1, 2013)

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Labor Relations Presentation Assignment

Labor Relations
Labor Relations

Labor Relations

Apply: Labor Relations Presentation (.ppt)
Research a non-union company on the “Fortune 100 Best Companies to Work For” List.

Describe at least three of the following items in a 15- to 20-slide presentation that includes speaker notes:
o Hiring and selection practices
o Training and Development
o Compensation and Benefits
o Performance Feedback
o Employee engagement

Analyze these practices to determine if they help to create an environment that does not need a union.

Cite any outside sources according to APA formatting guidelines.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

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International Laws and Norms Related To Child Labor

International Laws and Norms Related To Child Labor Additional guidance

International Laws and Norms Related To Child Labor
International Laws and Norms Related To Child Labor

Step 2: Paper # 2 will describe a) 6 of the main international Intergovernmental Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations that are concerned with the topic and how they are dealing with it generally; and b) the international laws and norms related to the issue. (Minimum 1000 words) (8pts)

International Laws and Norms Related To Child Labor Structure

Subject: Organizations, laws, and norms concerned with (insert name of your topic)

(No introduction necessary)

Organizations

Name of the organization as a heading

For each organization, you must include (you can use these as subheadings) when formed, general  purpose/mission, role in relation to your topic, the kind of activities that it carries out to address your topic, any major successes or failures.

Repeat for each of your six organizations

International Laws and Norms Related To Child Labor Laws and norms

Name of the treaty, conventions, covenant, norm, regulation or guideline (make sure you have a heading for each law/norm)

For each norm or law include (you can use these as sub-headings) when created, when ratified if a treaty, number of countries that have ratified the treaty, general purpose and scope of law/norm, specific provisions relevant to your topic, significance and implications for your topic, Repeat for each law or norm that you cover

(No conclusion necessary)

Other guidance

Two additional documents are posted on Blackboard under briefing paper #2. One contains

IGOs and NGOs by topic assignments, and the other laws and norms by topic assignment.

Note the documents are not intended to be comprehensive.

However for the IGOs and NGOs that are involved in addressing your issue/topic those shown with no brackets should be included. Those in brackets are just suggestions. You need to include 6 organizations overall.

Note you must use international IGOs and NGOs working internationally. Do not use US departments or government agencies.

The number of laws and norms and the nature of those laws and norms will vary by topic, but you should try and identify a minimum of 4 and a maximum of 5. You should give priority to fully describing the laws and norms that are most relevant to your topic.

The paper should comply with APA format i.e. in-text citations and reference page. Generally, you should use a separate source for each organization and each law and the organizations’ own website should be used.

Components of training in human resources

Components of training in human resources
   Components of training in human                                       resources

Components of training in human resources

Within the Discussion Board area, write 400-600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments.

Review and reflect on the various components of training in human resources. Based on your review, reflection, and the materials presented this week in the course, answer the following questions:

In your opinion, why it is important for organizations to use a strategic approach to training employees?

How might training needs vary for employees who take on global assignments?

Why is e-learning an important component of training efforts today? How do you believe this will change, if at all, 10 years from now?

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Working conditions for workers Essay Paper

Working conditions for workers
        Working conditions for workers

Working conditions for workers

Introduction:
• Start with a related quote to draw the reader’s attention. Write your thesis sentence and explain in brief what you are about to examine further. Explain what is going to be discussed in more detail. Your arguments and position should be stated in your introduction.

Main Body:
• Discussion of the first point. Begin with the topic sentence and provide an explanation and the supporting evidences (facts, statistics, theories, reasons etc.) that can back up your views and opinions.
Write the concluding sentence of your paragraph and provide a linking phrase or word so that your writing has a logical flow.
• Discussion of the second point and support.
• Discussion of the third point and support.

Conclusion:
• Summarize. You should mention your thesis and how your evidences support it. Provide an overall evaluation of the main points discussed and make a final statement. You should not mention any new knowledge in your conclusion.

Important Note:
Do not include any subtitles in your essays. Your writing should indicate each paragraph’s purpose so the words introduction, main body or conclusion should be avoided. Also you should avoid using numbers, bullets or any kind of points that divide your writing. Use of linking words and phrases for an easier flow is recommended.

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Expatriate Considerations Essay Assignments

Expatriate Considerations
             Expatriate Considerations

Expatriate Considerations

The majority of Saudi Arabia’s healthcare workforce are comprised of foreign nationals or expatriates. In this discussion, review the pros and the cons of having such a multinational workforce. Additionally, consider the following questions in your response: Does the current system support the expenditures of such a workforce? Do the fees associated with expatriates inhibit healthcare organizations from attracting foreigners to fill staffing positions?

Use APA formatting guidelines.

Use at least three (3) quality references Note: Wikipedia and other related websites do not qualify as academic resources.

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Foreign Domestic Work and Intersectionality

Foreign Domestic Work and Intersectionality
 Foreign Domestic Work and Intersectionality

Foreign Domestic Work and Intersectionality

Using at-least five readings with at-least two readings from outside the course write a literature review on Foreign Domestic Work and Intersectionality developing an argument. You are encouraged to use good academic sources –peer reviewed journal articles and/or reputed books. Propose a hypothesis/research question that emerges from your review. The Essay, is approx. 1500 words in length The Final Essay is worth 30% of the final grade for the course and is due at the beginning of class in hard copy on March 15. Late submissions will be penalized and a deduction of 5% point will be made for each day of late submission. The Essay must be typed and double-spaced. Please Attach the Rubric to your Essay.

You must provide references for the concepts, ideas, examples, and direct/ indirect quotes taken from the readings. Format your essay in a standard 12-point font, double-spaced. Write in standard essay form and use APA style for citation and referencing

Essay Rubric

Maximum points

Points Awarded
Comments
The essay has a meaningful introduction that serves as a sign post for rest of the essay and ties up all parts of the essay meaningfully.
5

The essay uses at-least five readings with at-least two readings from outside the course to demonstrate a deep and clear understanding of the issues and debates around Foreign Domestic Work and Intersectionality. It builds a clear connection between the readings and argument around the topic.
12

The essay is successful in developing a clear hypothesis and research question.
The research question is justified in the context of the review of the literature.
5

The essay makes a conclusion that is meaningful and substantive.
5

Grammar , Spelling, Citation, Word length Bibliography
3
Total Marks Final Essay
30

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Labour Essay Assignment Paper Available Here

 

Labour
                                      Labour

Labour

This assignment is drawn from Chapter Nine of both the Ninth and Tenth Editions of your textbook.

This paper was created to make it easy to write and easy to grade. The paper should be double spaced and about 1-1/1/2 pages in length. Accurate spelling, punctuation, proper sentence and paragraph construction are required. Submit the paper using the assignments tool.

Please complete this assignment by typing the questions as underlined headings and then typing your answers beneath the headings. Do not complete the assignment using the MLA format. Simply type answers to the questions in your own words.

The paper will be penalized 15 points if you don’t use the headings listed below

1. Discuss the development and impact of the labor movement and related legislation.

2. Identify and explain the process of collective bargaining, contract negotiation, contract administration, and grievances.

3. Discuss management’s ethical, social,
and legal responsibilities in labor/management relations; and analyze and interpret various labor/management disputes.

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Better policy about health and well being of employees

Better policy about health and well being of employees
Better policy about health and well being of employees

Better policy about health and well being of employees

As HR, identify key suggestion in making better policy about health and well being of employees.
Ex: Injury? Harassment? Sick pay/leave? Maternity or paternity pay/leave? Mental and physical health of employees? Insurance?
Compare with other company (good and bad examples)
Focus on 2 perspectives:
– How can your audience better address H.R topics?
– How can they develop their employees to focus on H.R?
**Important: you are writing to the executive of the company, so address in-depth research and suggestion, not basic information.

Use at least three (3) quality references Note: Wikipedia and other related websites do not qualify as academic resources.

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