Criminology Differential Association How does the differential association explain why some persons suffering from anomie
(the state of normlessness due to dramatic change, an economic boom, or depression) turn to
criminal innovation while others do not? Edwin Sutherland, (born August 13, 1883, Gibbon, Nebraska, U.S.—died October 11, 1950, Bloomington, Indiana), American criminologist, best known for his development of the differential association theory of crime. In recognition of his influence, the most important annual award of the American Society of Criminology is given in his name. Sutherland received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1913 with a double major in sociology and political economy. In 1935, after having taught at various other universities, including the University of Illinois and the University of Chicago, he took a position at Indiana University, where he remained until his death.