Demonstrate your Understanding of Policy Theory Background: In this assignment, you will draw on and apply what you have read in the course text (Rizvi & Lingard, 2010) and other sources to demonstrate your understanding of policy theory.
Your work on this assignment should also be informed by the educational policy theories, articles, instructor notes and texts studied in the course, as well as any external articles or texts relevant to the issue. Your responses should demonstrate a clear argument, be analytic and evidence-based, be fully referenced and conform to current APA style guidelines. Use at least 8–10 references, half of which should come from articles that we have not used (or have only referenced) in the course.
Use direct quotations very sparingly and only when a short quote serves to illustrate a point you are making in a particularly unique way. Otherwise, you are expected to read and assimilate ideas and express them in your own language. Do not quote when the point could just as easily be made as part of your response/argument.
Use the instructor notes to inform your thinking but do not reflect back what is presented in the Instructor Notes and do not directly quote the Instructor Notes. You may find some of the references cited to be helpful in pointing to research in the field. Some education policy journals you may find useful have been added under the course Syllabus.
The Demonstrate your Understanding of Policy Theory Assignment
Respond to two of the three questions below (10 marks each, total 20 marks).
- Rizvi and Lingard (2010) say policy sociology should point to strategies for change and reform that “challenge oppressive structures and practices”. Outline the current thinking on the practice and purposes of policy sociology. What are its goals? Who are the principal theorists? How has it been practiced? In what ways does it differ from the more rationalist-decisionist theories of policy analysis?
- Since the mid-20th century, most education systems around the world have been concerned with issues of educational equality. The goals of educational equality are based both on economic competitiveness and social justice. For countries to be economically self-sufficient, they require a well-educated population. The principle of education for all, meanwhile, helps to address social justice issues such as poverty and illiteracy. But progress toward achieving educational equality, according to Rizvi and Lingard (2010) has been uneven and globalization may have worsened the problem. Discuss this widespread policy problem with reference to both social and economic outcomes (you may find some of the OECD and UNESCO reports useful in providing context for your discussion).
- Public policies in most liberal democratic societies are organized in consideration of five key values: equity, efficiency, security, liberty, and community. These are often used as a basis for policy analysis, yet the concepts themselves are subject to interpretation. Using one or more examples (preferably not those discussed by Rizvi and Lingard, 2010) discuss how the ambiguity around these values leaves policy options open to political debate on key policy issues.
Demonstrate your Understanding of Policy Theory Submission
Submit your assignment in portrait format, with a properly constructed cover page, using 12 point Times Roman or Times New Roman font (1.15 spacing). Number the pages at the bottom right margin. Each question should be answered as a separate item (Maximum 500-600 words per item – about 2 pages per item plus references).