Impact of Public Policy Legislations Against Gender-based Violence

Impact of Public Policy Legislations Against Gender-based Violence

Instructions
Identify one piece of legislation (legislative action) that impacts human services programs. Explain how the legislative action impacts the community, in relation to human services. In the explanation include economic, social, and diversity implications to the community.

Impact of Public Policy Legislations Against Gender-based Violence

Public Policy and Advocacy

Millions of women and girls around the world are victims of abuse and violence on a daily basis. Violence, according to the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (1993), is any act of gender-based violence that causes or threatens to cause physical, sexual, or psychological damage or distress to women, including assaults, harassment, or unlawful deprivation of liberty in public or private life.

In recent years, international laws such as the declaration on the elimination of violence against women as well as public policy legislations have been created mainly due to the concern for women. Public policy is: ‘anything a government decides to do or not do’ (Dye 1972, p.2). In other words a public policy is a system of laws, regulatory measures, courses of action and funding priorities concerning a given topic promulgated by government entity or its representatives.Individuals and groups often attempt to shape public policy through education, advocacy, or mobilization of interest groups. There are many ways that the law can influence how survivors of violence against women are treated and the types of services they receive.

Public policy legislations provide a framework for identifying basic human rights and for defining violations of these rights. The law defines behaviors proscribed by criminal and civil statutes and provides criminal and civil penalties for violations (Mbote 2000, p.14). These laws and the governmental appropriations process control and provide funding for research Promote research, collect data and compile statistics, especially concerning domestic violence, relating to the prevalence of different forms of violence against women and encourage research on the causes, nature, seriousness and consequences of violence against women and on the effectiveness of measures implemented to prevent and redress violence against women (UNHR 1993).

These laws have inevitably brought about positive impacts especially to the society and world at large. They have led to the promotion of gender equality as well as violence-prevention programs in educational institutions, places of work and also homes. They have brought about the establishment of facilities such as shelters for victims of violence which provide service in the most efficient way as well as providing services that are holistic and delivered by a most multi-disciplinary team (NGEC 2017, p.26). These acts have also improved systems for identifying reporting gender-based violence cases in a safe and confidential environment, without unnecessarily burdening the victims (NGEC 2017, p.27).

When it comes to the impact of public policy legislations in the workplace, some good practices have been stated that lead to a positive environment for gender equality to thrive in. These include the recognition that domestic violence is a world of work issue and that workers have the right to support and protection in employment. Moreover, prohibition of discrimination against employees based on their status as a victim of domestic violence. There has been an establishment of security of employment, particularly following paid or unpaid leave (UN women, 2020). 

References

Dye T. R. (1972). Understanding public policy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Mbote P. K. (2000). Violence against women in Kenya. Retrieved from http://www.ielrc.org/content/w0001.pdf

National Gender and Equality Commission, (2017). County government policy on sexual and gender-based violence. Retrieved from https://www.ngeckenya.org/Downloads/NGEC%20Model%20Policy%20on%20GBV%20for%20County%20Govts.pdf

United nations human rights, (1993). Declaration on the elimination of violence against women. Retrieved from https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/violenceagainstwomen.aspx .

 

UN Women, (2020). Legislation and policies on domestic violence and its effects on the world of work. Retrieved from https://www.endvawnow.org/en/articles/1946-legislation-and-policies-on-domestic-violence-and-its-effects-on-the-world-of-work.html

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