Prison Based Drug Treatment Programs A review and critique of the existing academic literature on Prison-based drug treatment programs. Main focus on the therapeutic community model. Secondary focus on methadone treatment and other methods.
Since the 1970s, when retribution replaced rehabilitation as the dominant sentencing philosophy, prison populations have climbed dramatically while crime has continued unabated. The public outcry against sharply rising crime rates during the early 1970s led politicians to call for more certain and severe sentences. A strong belief that corrections could not rehabilitate offenders was fueled by research studies that essentially concluded that “nothing works” (Lipton et al., 1975; Martinson, 1974).