Research Article Summary Assignment

Research Article Summary
Research Article Summary

Research Article Summary

The research is based on the scientific method in which experiments are designed to test hypotheses. Most journal articles have a similar format. The introduction outlines a theory concerning some aspect of the neural basis of cognition and generates some specific hypotheses to be tested experimentally. Following the introduction, there is a section called “Methods” in which the techniques used by the researchers are described and the research subjects are defined (e.g., Alzheimer’s patients). Next, the results from the experiment are described along with graphic depictions of the data. The article concludes with a discussion of whether the original hypothesis was confirmed or refuted and how the results fit in with other research findings and with other theories.

In the field of cognitive neuroscience, there are hundreds of journals each with dozens of research articles published weekly. In order to keep up with the field, it is important to be able to quickly glean pertinent information from articles of interest. To develop your skill at abstracting information from research articles, your assignment is to summarize the different components of a research article. You should be able to do this within 1000 – 1200 words (NO MORE, NO LESS).

Here are some questions to address within your summary:

  • Introduction: What is the basic theory under examination? What is the specific hypothesis being tested?
  • Methods: What is the experimental design? What are the control groups? What experimental techniques are used?
  • Results: What are the results? Is there a significant difference between the experimental and control group, or a significant correlation between the critical variables?
  • Discussion: Was the original hypotheses confirmed? Does the new information fit with previous findings on this topic?
  • Evaluation: Were the experiments well controlled? Did they address the hypothesis? Are there alternative explanations for the results? What is a potential follow-up study?

Zachariou, V., Safiullah, Z. N., & Ungerleider, L. G. (2018). The fusiform and occipital face areas can process a nonface category equivalently to faces. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 30(10).

Unsworth, N., Robinson, M. K., & Miller, A. L. (2018). Pupillary correlates of fluctuations in sustained
attention. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 30(9).

Turk, K. W., Elshaar, A. A., Deason, R. G., Heyworth, N. C., Nagle, C., Frustace, B., Flannery, S.,
Zumwalt, A., & Budson, A. E. (2018). Late positive component event-related potential amplitude predicts long-term classroom-based learning. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 30(9).

Romeo, R. R., Segaran, J., Leonard, J. A., Robinson, S. T., West, M. R., Mackey, A. P., Yendiki, A., Rowe,
M. L., & Gabrieli, J. D. E. (2018). Language exposure relates to structural neural connectivity in childhood. The Journal of Neurosicence, 38(6).

Xu, Q., Ruohonen, E. M., Ye, C., Li, X., Kreeglpuu, K., Stafanics, G., Luo, W., & Astikainen, P. (2018).

Automatic processing of changes in facial emotions in dysphoria: A magnetoencephalography study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, (12)186.

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