UK Economy Research Paper

UK Economy
UK Economy

UK Economy

UK Economy

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The structure of the UK economy has considerably changed for the past ten years, and this has been as a result of the emergence of the oil production and also due to industries that previously consisted of the mainstay of the UK economy (Stam & Coleman, 2010). The UK has worked to ensure that its economy encourages the free movement of goods, services and people, in general, implying that its economy is well maintained for the benefit of all. The country has the supply of natural resources that are taking place to guarantee a healthy economy (Al-Najjar, & Hussainey, 2011). Overwhelmingly subject to outside excitement for storing up, and on being the second most fundamental exporter of capital, the advantage of UK firms lies in the pricing open of remote markets. The fundamental bit of the City in the general private endeavour and the essential for progression recommends that future favourable circumstances are outstandingly subject to Goliath new markets like China. This paper gives an account of the changing structure of the UK economy despite the many setbacks that the economy faced in future.

Post-war shifts in economic power from manufacturing to services

The British economy in 1948 included things like manufacturing, oil and gas as well as utilities amounting to 41 percent of the economy, but operations changed due to the capitalist governance evident in the country (Lowe, 2011). The percentage reduced up to 14 percent in 2013, while on the side of the service sector the share increased from 46 percent to 79 percent affirming all the evident changes. The construction share of the economy has proven to be more stable than expected and has maintained 6% of the (GDP) (Brook, Matthews, & Darke, 2011). The agriculture sector in the country has reduced from 6 to 1 percent, proving to have a huge problem.

The UK economy makeup

The manufacturing sector has declined rapidly in the UK economy; proving to be of no use as required, even though all the G7 economies have also experienced a gradual decline in production and manufacturing sectors as well (Chowla, Quaglietti & Rachel, 2014). The G7 economies are inclusive of UK, US, Japan, Italy, Canada and France all working to better the economy of the whole world. The UK economy is not much attributed to the manufacturing sector as it is very low compared to the recent past. Germany is the country that is ranked the top regarding manufacturing products and is followed by Japan with a percent of 19 (Moran, 2010).

Growth of the UK financial sector

Between 2006 and 2009, the economy of the UK grew to account rapidly for 10 percent of the country’s GDP; hence being the highest among all the G7 economies. Canada had a GDP of 6.7% followed by Germany with a GDP of 3.9 percent. Due to the Euro crisis that took place, it was evident to prove that the British economy had fallen by 2.9 percent even though it was still stable in major economies. The latest ONS data has proved that the UK financial crisis is still below pre-crisis (13.6 percent), despite the measures put across to curb any other financial crisis in the future (Coates, 2014).

Financial services

In the UK, financial services are termed to be very necessary for they are a key part of the county’s export. The country is ranked the best on matters of exports to GDP among the other G7 economies due to its highest share of financial services. UK has the highest number of financial services followed by the US, which has only 15 percent of the financial services in the country (Fankhauser, 2013).

Improvements of the UK export downturns

In the UK, more improvements have been evident in the export and most of the subsequent recoveries have been made accordingly. The economy of the country recovered leading to improved growth in all its exports during the downturn (Engelmann, 2014). The value of pound fell between 2007 and 2009, and this factor contributed to making the country’s goods cheaper abroad. On the other hand, the mechanization and the without a moment to additional time systems utilized by bosses to restore points of interest or take a perfect position on contenders are in like the way a wellspring of insufficiency. A strike in one piece of the creation chain can go all in all operations to a beating stop in a matter of hours. The openness of the UK economy all around and its part in reusing general record clears up why New Labour and the decision class have heaved themselves so eagerly behind and championed deregulation and liberalization.

Less spending on investments

In the UK, less is spent on the country’s investment matters as compared to the other G7 economies where spending is very high. In 2013, the UK spent only 15 percent of the GDP investments while a country like Germany spent 17 percent (Kokot, 2014). On the other side, France had the highest rate of spending in its investment matters totalling up to 25 percent. UK is a country that is very keen on matters of investments and gains a lot from then investments in the country (Ekins, Summerton, Thoung & Lee, 2011). The fixed investments that are practiced there bring success in return to the economic growth. The country is very keen not to spend much on investment matters due to the Euro crisis that once befell its financial sector in 2008 and 2009.

The UK household spending

In 2008, the household spending in the UK fell by 5.7 percent, leading to huge financial losses in the country. The UK suffered a huge loss as it was more dependent on consumer spending and once consumers did not have enough finances to spend, the country suffered a huge loss (Ekins, Anandarajah, & Strachan, 2011). The recovery of the UK economy was mainly centered on the household consumptions that are why it took some time to pick up.


Despite the diminishment in gathering the whole world pounding photo of its breakdown is a long way from veritable. The UK still holds a fundamental gathering center and its offer of general tools is corresponding to that of China. The case that there is another division of work whereby all low-talented employments are being passed on is fundamentally misrepresented. Such claims are likely particular and overestimate the potential for moving time (or parts of creation) out of the nation. The widely referred to pieces of gadgets and materials have continually been footloose. Regardless, other fundamental spaces of creation, for example, nourishment retailing, transport and welfare associations are unwaveringly settled in the home economy. Inside of an ocean of poor benefit, there are islands of sufficiency in two or three domains, with amazingly profitable general firms in the auto period, guardian, pharmaceuticals and bolster retailing. What is valid is that the UK is storing up utilizations far fewer experts.


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Brook, K., Matthews, D., & Darke, J. 2011. Changes to the picture of the UK economy – impact of the new SIC 2007 industry classification. Economic & Labour Market Review, 5(3), 41-61

Chowla, S., Quaglietti, L., & Rachel, L. 2014. How have world shocks affected the UK economy? Bank of England.Quarterly Bulletin, 54(2), 167-179

Coates, D. 2014. The UK: Less a liberal market economy, more a post-imperial one. Capital & Class, 38(1), 171-182

Ekins, P., Anandarajah, G., & Strachan, N. 2011. Towards a low-carbon economy: Scenarios and policies for the UK. Climate Policy, 11(2), 865-882

Ekins, P., Summerton, P., Thoung, C., & Lee, D. 2011. A major environmental tax reform for the UK: Results for the economy, employment and the environment. Environmental and Resource Economics, 50(3), 447-474

Engelmann, S. 2014. International trade, technological change and wage inequality in the UK economy. Empirica, 41(2), 223-246

Fankhauser, S. 2013. A practitioner’s guide to a low-carbon economy: Lessons from the UK. Climate Policy, 13(3), 345-362

Kokot, P. 2014. Structures and relationships: Women partners’ careers in germany and the UK. Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, 27(1), 48-72

Lowe, J. 2011. Concentration in the UK construction sector. Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction, 16(3), 232-248

Moran, M. 2010. The political economy of regulation: Does it have any lessons for accounting research? Accounting and Business Research, 40(3), 215-225

Stam, P., & Coleman, J. 2010. The relationship between hours worked in the UK and the economy. Economic & Labour Market Review, 4(9), 50-54

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