Annotated Bibliography Assignment Available

Annotated Bibliography
Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography

Order Instructions:

It is important to take note of the community health promotion proposal which is (Obesity in Washington DC). and a minimum of 3 pages is require and you must follow proper guidelines for written an annotated bibliography .

This assignment gives you the skills and knowledge to begin collecting credible information needed for future assignments and experience with APA citation by creating your own annotated bibliography.
Annotations vary, and for this assignment, your annotations should provide a(n):

Summary of the book, article, white paper, web-site, or other resource

Evaluation of resource

Application to your community health proposal (Obesity in Washington DC).

Assignment Requirements
1. Annotate TEN sources.
a. at least five sources must be scholarly (peer-reviewed, evidence-based)
b. Three articles from professional and credible websites (i.e. NIH, CDC, etc.)
c. remaining two sources is your personal choice, although they must be credible
2. The articles should support your community health promotion proposal (Obesity in Washington DC).


Annotated Bibliography


The following exercise entails the annotation or brief description of literature sources that discuss obesity in Washington DC. Majority of these sources are from peer-reviewed journals while others are from the websites of healthcare-oriented organizations’ websites.

Young, L. R., & Nestle, M. (2002). The contribution of expanding portion sizes to the US obesity epidemic. American journal of public health, 92(2), 246-249.

This article discusses the connection that exists between portion sizes of commercial food outlets and the rise in cases of obesity and overweight in the country. The gradual increase in the quantity of food provided in the market began in the 1970s and this went on until the level recommended by the Federal government was increased. The authors further propose that eating out needs to be prioritized as a sensitization area in the event of any community based intervention strategies.

Davidson, M. H., Hauptman, J., DiGirolamo, M., Foreyt, J. P., Halsted, C. H., Heber, D., … & Heymsfield, S. B. (1999). Weight control and risk factor reduction in obese subjects treated for 2 years with orlistat: a randomized controlled trial. Jama, 281(3), 235-242.

The article is based on the scientific fact of excess weight and or obesity being a risk factor for many cardio vascular conditions. What was established from the study conducted was that the weight-related risk factors for these health conditions could be reduced and even eliminated through weight loss. (2014) Washington, DC Factsheet on Obesity, Childcare Website. Retrieved from  on July 14, 2014

This is a document that Graphically illustrates the different dynamics of Childhood Obesity across the United States of America. With regard to Washington DC, the document indicates a drop in the prevalence rates from what they were in 2003. The document also states that Washington DC ranked as number 43 in terms of overall prevalence of childhood obesity. With regard to low income children who reside in Washington DC aged above two years but under five years, 24% of this group were considered to be obese.

Gillum, R. F. (1987). The association of body fat distribution with hypertension, hypertensive heart disease, coronary heart disease, diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors in men and women aged 18–79 years. Journal of chronic diseases, 40(5), 421-428.

This article was not exclusively focused on Washington DC. The status of this city as a cosmopolitan area however made its statistics on obesity useful for purposes on this study. It was established that across the age groups, symptoms of obesity and other cardiovascular diseases were affected by ethnicity and gender with African Americans having a higher propensity to these illnesses when compared to whites. The key symptom that was used as a parameter was high blood pressure since it is manifested in most if not all of these illnesses.

Harris, H (2010) Childhood Obesity Report gives DC a starting point for improving diets, Washington Post Online.  Retrieved from  on July 14, 2014

This article published online discusses the participation of the first lady, Michelle Obama and how this initiative being run from her office needs to be guided by the Obesity report that reveals the areas that need urgent attention as well as the neighborhoods where the condition is generally better managed.

Drewnowski, A., & Specter, S. E. (2004). Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 79(1), 6-16.

This article was derived from the results of a study that was conducted to investigate the relationship between levels of wealth and the control of obesity. The hypothesis that was in application during the study was that higher rates of obesity were generally being reported in populations whose members had lower education and higher poverty. This led to a disparity in healthcare between the rich and the poor. The study established that the rise in incidences of obesity resulted from an increase in people whose disposable income only allowed them to spend less and less on quality food, instead buying more of high fat, high sugar foods.

CDC (2012) District of Columbia’s Response to Obesity, Center for Disease Control, Online. Retrieved from  on July 14, 2014

This webpage summarizes the statistics on obesity and how the three main age groups are affected by it. These age groups are adults aged 18 and above, adolescents who are in between the grades 9 through to 12 and also Children. The statistics for overweight and obesity indicate that this problem increases gradually with age and of the two, obesity sharply increases between adolescence and adulthood.

DOH (2014) Childhood Obesity. Department of Health Online. Retrieved from  on July 15, 2014

The material presented in this webpage discusses childhood obesity with an emphasis on strategies that can be used to prevent it. The main strategy of providing dietary advice to the young as well as their parents is also explained. This is followed by the listing and brief description of the different initiatives that this office has kick- started.

McCann, B. A., & Ewing, R. (2003). Measuring the health effects of sprawl: A national analysis of physical activity, obesity and chronic disease.

This is an article that was published following a research study that sought to find out if there was a difference in the state of health of people who lived in urban areas and those who lived in sprawls at the time of the interview. The study too into account the amount of walking people from the respective groups undertook. It was established from this study that those who lived in sprawls generally had worse health records based on their weight and blood pressure. They had more weight and higher blood pressure. The study also found that those in urban areas walked more than those who lived in the sprawls. This was mainly due to the fact that they did less walking in general. Urban dwellers walked for exercise, to work as well as for daily errands. The study however found no correlation between these living conditions and diabetes and this was then hypothesized to be the because of the influence of heredity.

NIH (2014) NIH Obesity-Related Scientific Meetings, Conferences and Workshops Archive. National Institute of Health Website. Retrieved from  on Jul 15, 2014

Since the National Institute of Health has been researching on obesity for several years, it remains with an important cache of literature in the form of research studies, articles and also meetings by experts in this condition. This page contains links to the findings and discussions of these sources of information on obesity.

We can write this or a similar paper for you! Simply fill the order form!

Unlike most other websites we deliver what we promise;

  • Our Support Staff are online 24/7
  • Our Writers are available 24/7
  • Most Urgent order is delivered with 6 Hrs
  • 100% Original Assignment Plagiarism report can be sent to you upon request.

GET 15 % DISCOUNT TODAY use the discount code PAPER15 at the order form.

Type of paper Academic level Subject area
Number of pages Paper urgency Cost per page: