Differentiation between Christianity and Judaism

Differentiation between Christianity and Judaism
     Differentiation between Christianity and                                Judaism

Historical events that led to the differentiation between Christianity and Judaism

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In 300 words, please consider the following: Discuss some of the historical events (e.g. Jewish revolt in Jerusalem) that led to the differentiation between Christianity and Judaism.


Historical events that led to the differentiation between Christianity and Judaism

From a historical as well as theological point of view, Christianity and Judaism have a lot in common. Christianity has strong roots in Judaism and this is seen in the structure of the Bible. Judaism is based on the Old Testament of the Bible, a holy book Christians also use. Despite this similarity in origin, the two faiths have experienced a sustained split leading to Judaism and Christianity becoming two distinct faiths. Several events in history contributed to this fact

The rejection of Jesus as the Messiah by the Jewish establishment is one of the main precursors to the split between Judaism and Christianity (Levine, 2014). For many Pharisees and teachers of the law, Christianity was more of a sect misleading Jews than a fully-fledged legitimate faith. This was based on the connotation of the Messiah being a political savior from Roman rule, something Jesus was not (Snyder, 2013).

Paul’s conversion was another factor that led to the split between Judaism and Christianity. Prior to his conversion, Paul dedicated his life to prosecuting Jews who practiced Christianity, his conversion made him dedicate his life to furthering Christianity and spreading the gospel to non-Jews. This helped to give Christianity a different identity from its Jewish roots as it became more cosmopolitan affair. This coupled with the difference in doctrine between a belief in inward transformation against Judaism’s emphasis on several tangible aspects such as circumcision and the strict following of Jewish practices further led to the split with Christians being keen on setting themselves apart as a unique group from the faith that had been in existence before (Atkinson, 2012). Prosecution and sustained opposition by Jewish religious leaders only gave the split inertia.


Atkinson, A. C. (2012). Pauline conversion and the resurrection narrative (Doctoral dissertation, uga).

Levine, A. J. (2014). The Misunderstood Jew. HarperCollins e-Books.

Snyder, H. G. (2013). 9 Early Christianity. The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Mediterranean Religions, 177.   http://assets.cambridge.org/97805211/13960/frontmatter/9780521113960_frontmatter.pdf

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