Historical foundation of Japan Essay Paper

Historical foundation of Japan
Historical foundation of Japan

Historical foundation of Japan

Order Instructions:

Identify three national institutions in Japan, and respond to the following:
•What is the historical foundation of Japan?
•How Japan’s national culture, institutions, ethics, and values influence its HRM practices?


Historical foundation of Japan

The cases of homicide around the world clearly indicate that many criminals choose murder as the definitive means and way of resolving conflicts. According to reports, 65 percent of homicidal cases have been cleared over the past years, a factor that proves how this crime is an escape route for criminals. In order to assist various law enforcement departments to raise their clearance rates, it was significant that an efficient approach to solve these vices was developed (Carroll, & Rothe, 2014).

This database was created in 1985 and has over the years seen the success in over 85,000 cases of investigation. The Criminal Apprehension Program (ViCAP) is a web-based database instrument that helps law enforcers and their agencies to link cases of sexual assaults, homicides, unidentified human remains and missing persons with the aim of helping the police units to coordinate communication approaches and investigate the roots of the crimes.

The database is always maintained by the FBI. The cases information that are submitted to the ViCAP is always maintained in the national database and in the event of a case, this information’s are compared to other sources that exist in the database with the aim of identifying the similarities. These case submissions are in many occasions analyzed by crime analysts though a formulated analytical skill that is informed and educated on such crimes (Carroll, & Rothe, 2014). This paper therefore seeks to incorporate the ViCAP web-based database system into the investigative measures of a law enforcing agency called Link Unit.

Mission, Goals and Objectives

Regardless of the size or structure of an intelligence unit, such urgencies need to have their mission statements, goals and objectives that support and monitor the growth of their efforts. It is against this background that Link Unit developed the mentioned goals, mission and objectives of the urgency (Greenall, 2012). The Link Unit in its mission to incorporate the ViCAP program into its approaches intends to provide the law officers aligned with the functions of intelligence the opportunity to incorporate guiding principles that details itself in the collection, analysis, and disbursement of crime investigations within the community.

These aspects can only be achieved in the event that intelligence is blended and weaved with the ViCAP program and a stronger relationship is built within the community with the intention of fighting crime and atrocities. It is also significant that the institutionalization and sharing of information is a significant factor that can be applied by Link Unit with the objective of mitigating crimes (Greenall, 2012). This program will also ensure that structures are established to fight the crime rates and encourage the community to consider making the law enforcers a better part of them.

To achieve our missions, goals and objectives, Link Unit will also ensure that trainings are provided for its officers on the use of this program to and how to carefully analyze reported cases of homicides and sexual assaults and to ensure that the criminals who commit these offences do not walk Scott free. Link unit also takes the challenge of liaising with other neighboring agencies within the criminal intelligence network. Link Units objective revolves around actively participating in the sharing of intelligent information and receiving intelligence outcomes through the use of ViCAP programs, and which will be used to enhance the initiatives ability to cab instances of crime and mitigate its prevalence’s (Kraemer, Lord, & Heilbrun, 2004).

 Role of Analysis within the Department

Analysis is used by law enforcement agencies in gathering information/evidence and reviewing such information to establish and reconstruct crime. Analysis is described as the logical thought process that is incorporated in the application of data and finding about a crime investigation (Kraemer, et.al). In the event that a crime has occurred, it is significant that information is collected through the asking of questions or through the execution of a search warrant. During this time, ideas and hypothesis are developed, a factor that places the analysts with the role of gathering the information,

Analysis therefore begins with the identification of a problem, summarizing and a synthesizing the information, and also detailing the data received until an investigation is concluded. The role of analysis varies from agency to agency with the sole responsibility of making summaries to discover the facts behind an incident, and develop investigative plans that can be followed by investigators (Kraemer, et.al). In other agencies, analysts are capable of providing investigators with the assessments of an unfolding issue which in turn gives them the direction of how to manage a crime incident. Other agencies also use analysis to support experts with information in the court.

Analysis remains a part of any agencies policing and approach and has lasted for quite a time to say. The process of analysis has evolved from pin mapping to a comparative system that gives data tables, from the use of analytical patterns to user interfaces and eventually to sophisticated analysis such as ViCAP (Papachristos, & Wildeman, 2014). The law enforcement system uses analysis in different approaches with the aim of responding to crime.

With the constant cases of sexual assaults and homicides, it has been important to employ robust intelligent and analytic approaches within the function of the state law. Today, the analytic functions vary from an agency to another and base its approaches on the needs of the organization. The enforcement of analysis has proved it effectiveness within the rural and urban jurisdictions since it offers tactical and strategic analysis of various functions within an agency.

According to Papachristos & Wildeman, the current exponential growth in technology and the consequential expansion of informative approaches, the increase in analytic capacity still remains the most important resource for criminal justice in America (Papachristos, & Wildeman, 2014). Agencies such as the Link Unit now have the opportunity to invest in an increased analytic capacity that goes an extra mile than the usual use of data that gives an analysis of the past and current crime trends. Such organs also have a role to play in creating an efficient and effective policing strategy that makes work easy within the law enforcement agencies.


Link Unit staffing approach entails an approach where the staff members provide support in the wide range of cases inclusive but not limited to sexual assaults and homicides that are geographically scattered. The staff member of Link Unit also will be responsible for the provision on-site and time sensitive support to the team of managers and the investigative unit on the complex cases that are received from the society. The staff member will be obligated in providing case consultations for the active, new, and cold cases through conference calls, videos calls on Skype among other media platforms (Ratcliffe, 2012). The staffs in the Link Unit will have a coordinator to whom they will liaise with in considering activities that may attract a potential threat to the society

Within the Link Unit will be a team of patrol officers and detectives. Some studies reveal that the patrol officers have the responsibilities over the clearance of cases lies within the confines of the patrol police since they arrive first at the crime scenes, conduct short and precise interviews and determine if the evidences presented can affect an arrest (Ratcliffe, 2012). In contrast to this, the detectives at Link Unit will be solely responsible for the processing of paperwork through the ViCAP systems and also interact with suspects, who are identified by the patrol officers.

It is imperative to realize that the patrol officers are in disposal of the citizenship information which would aid them in identifying the prime suspects, and are credited with the sole responsibility of arresting such victims (Ratcliffe, 2012). It is out of this that the Link Unit intends to incorporate both the detectives and the patrol offices in the clearing of cases giving the fact that they both have the ability to carry out follow-up investigative measures into the closure of cases.


Link Unit intends to develop approaches of monitoring and giving detailed information from its database in order to ease the course of a case involving sexual assault and homicide. Link Unit will carry out its functions as a law enforcing agency by managing the cases that are brought to its knowledge within the region of operation (Ratcliffe, 2012). The agency will undertake procedures of case management with the aim of offering police reports and other detailed information on which prosecution will be determined and based. Link Unit envisions incorporating a team based approach in investigating homicide and sexual assault cases.

With the departments lead investigators, the agency also has an analytical officer, two o whom are responsible in the running of the cases until completion. The supervisors within the unit are responsible in handling the files of an investigation that ensures that there is accuracy in the findings of an investigation throughout the process. The detectives from this unit will be responding to homicides in a team that is well vast in providing support to endure that the investigations are handled by highly trained and focused personnel for better results (Salfati, & Bateman, 2005).

Through the agencies database, documents and data will be disseminated and organized pertaining to cases, and also track the subsequent aspects of an investigation from the beginning to the end through the use of the ViCAP system. The agencies team of investigators will be responsible for the collection of information from the crime scenes by recording the statements presented in the scene. The information will then be housed in the agencies systems in order to trace the evidences of an activity (Salfati, & Bateman, 2005). The information is then organized and presented to the investigating team for the continuity of the case. Through this, the agencies systems can facilitate steady clearance of homicidal cases.


Recent studies have revealed the low homicidal clearance rates that result from several factors including the availability of fire arms, infusion of drugs within the environment and the increment of case loads that result from decreased manpower. In order to clear homicidal rates it is therefore significant that intensive training programs are incorporated in Link Unit agencies. Incorporating the program would require that the personnel responsible engage in a 10 week formalized kind of training (Salfati, & Bateman, 2005). These trainings are basically geared towards equipping the officers in this unit with the fundamental approaches of investigating death cases.

The trainings will also incorporate the basic methods of carrying out crime investigations, with the personnel assigned under the supervision of highly experienced team of investigators who will be responsible for the provision of trainings. The detectives will then be partnered with other investigators in order to help them apply the knowledge received from the trainings until it reaches a stage where they can work alone. Homicide detectives therefore need thorough trainings and should also go through periodic trainings with the objective of upgrading their skills within the job capacity (Wright, 2013). It is therefore important to point out that the Link Unit uses training as an enrichment opportunity in training its detectives.

Expected Products

Link Unit expects to incorporate a good working relationship with the attorneys within the region that will foster a collaborative effort between the attorney and the team of investigators. The attorneys’ will be involved in responding to calls on the homicide scenes with a team of investigators from the unit. This will allow the prosecutor to have an idea about a crime scene and in this okay an investigation into the happenings. The unit also plans to open its doors to the media who will receive information from its database with the aim of helping in the investigative measures (Wright, 2013).

The Unit also expects to build a strong case management system that has the capacity to structure and organize the investigators and the unit itself. It is also important to mention that through the Link Units system, the agency intends to provide access to other law enforcing agencies that can use the automated investigative tools to advance their investigative efforts. Participation in research is also another significant element that will ensure that programs are developed to decrease instances of sexual assaults and homicides through the reduction of the antecedents of these cases (Wright, 2013).  Through this, the homicide investigative units will be able to examine and complete crime cases within the jurisdictions of the unit in the region.


The Criminal Apprehension Program (ViCAP) is a web-based database instrument that helps law enforcers and their agencies to link cases of sexual assaults, homicides, unidentified human remains and missing persons with the aim of helping the police units to coordinate communication approaches and investigate the roots of the crimes with the objective of finding the actual information that can be used during the prosecution.

These aspects can only be achieved in the event that intelligence is blended and weaved with the ViCAP program and a stronger relationship is built within the community with the intention of fighting crime and atrocities. It is also significant that the institutionalization and sharing of information is a significant factor that can be applied by Link Unit with the objective of mitigating crimes.


Bebenroth, R., & Kanai, T. (2010). Challenges of Human Resource management in Japan. New York: Routledge Publishing Press.

Kasegawa, H., & Noronha, C. (2014). Asian Business and Management: Theory, Practice, and Perspectives. New York: Palgrave Macmillan Press.

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