Hypotheses and Research Methods Applications Rubric
for this assignment I will be sending the template and also the chapter mentioned in the order form via email. It is important that the writer strictly follow the templates written directly on the template so that she /he doesn’t miss anything. All parts of the questions must be professional responded to and the writer must take into consideration the topic of the research which is “Employee job satisfaction and productivity “. the paper must be written taking that into consideration as that will be the subject of research going forward. It is also critical that the writer read the instructions carefully before beginning to write this paper, also thee writer must read the document from chapter 7 attached in the email as it guilds and provides critical examples on how the different sections of the questions will be responded.
Descriptive Questions and Hypotheses
Consider the central theme from your Problem Statement, which you have now explored and refined through a Literature Review, Introduction, and Purpose Statement. Although your work to this point may have guided you toward a particular research method or approach, there is still value in examining your topic from a variety of perspectives. Toward that end, one useful exercise involves returning to the triumvirate of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods approaches and creating hypotheses and descriptive questions accordingly.
Refer to Chapter 7 of your course text, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, which includes templates you can use to create research questions of each type, as well as examples and criteria related to directional, non directional, and null hypotheses. Use these resources to help you create research questions and hypotheses related to your evolving topic and for one quantitative section, one qualitative section, and one mixed methods section. After each section of your Assignment, be sure to note your rationale for each choice and how each fits the criteria and paradigmatic thinking related to the approach.
Note: take note to cite the book as the attachments doc are pages from the book the reference to the book is below
Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods
approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage
Hypotheses and Research Methods Applications Rubric
90 points available for each Application Assignment
Application in Week 4 and Applications in Weeks 4-6
|Descriptive Questions and Hypotheses (Week 4)
65 points maximum
|Exemplary (59-65 points)||Acceptable (50-58 points)||Minimal Acceptance (0–57 points)|
|Descriptive questions and research questions flow logically into hypotheses. Questions and hypotheses for each type of methodology represent the paradigmatic thinking of the appropriate method. The rationale for each methodological approach directly stems from the research question and hypothesis, and the relationship is explained at a doctoral level.||Descriptive questions and research questions relate to hypotheses. Questions and hypotheses for each type of methodology represent the practices of the appropriate method. The rationale for each methodological approach reflects the research question and hypothesis, and the relationship is noted.||Questions and hypotheses are unrelated or are not present. There is no discernible relationship between the questions, hypotheses, and the research methods. One or more research methods are not addressed. The rationale for the selection of each research method is unclear or is missing.|
|Adherence to Grammar and Style Guidelines (Week 4)
25 points maximum
|Exemplary (22-25 points)||Acceptable (16-21 points)||Unacceptable (0-15 points)|
|Clear, unambiguous writing that includes proper sentence structure, idea development, paragraph development, and grammar.||Relatively clear writing that includes proper sentence structure, reasonable idea and paragraph development, or few grammatical errors.||Unclear, poorly developed writing that lacks proper sentence structure and idea and paragraph development, or contains numerous grammatical errors.|
Research Questions and Hypotheses- Employee job satisfaction and productivity
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Research Questions and Hypotheses
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the researcher’s proposed research questions and/or hypotheses. Research questions help the researcher understand and examine the core concept of the problem statement (Creswell, 2009). Based on the selected research design, either research questions or hypotheses are created. Research questions are most normally found in the qualitative and mixed methods research design (Creswell, 2009). Hypotheses are most normally found in the quantitative research design (Creswell, 2009).
In 2005 Ahmad et al conducted a study that revealed a close relationship between the employees’ level of motivation and rate of employee turnover in Pakistan’s banking sector. Gopalan on the other hand did a study on social workers and found out that the way they performed their work was directly linked to how they were treated by the local governments that had employed them at the time. The general problem is that workers have a generic contract with their employers where they deliver their services in the different stations in exchange for a wage or salary at the end of the month. The issue of motivation however clearly has some significance. Motivation is an abstract concept that is often seldom deliberately discussed. For the organizations this may be because it is not as directly measurable as hours worked or money paid. The specific focus of this study is the impact that a worker’s job satisfaction has on his or her productivity at the workplace. An investigation into the issue of job satisfaction in the workplace could therefore help in providing a logical way of appraising or assessing job satisfaction, this is for the benefit of both employees and employers.
The purpose of this research study is to investigate the concept of job satisfaction within the context of the 21st Century workplace. Job satisfaction is an abstract issue and consequently the study to be conducted will be largely qualitative. The research design will be correlational since the productivity of workers will be correlated to their productivity. The variables will be the job satisfaction and the productivity of the workers. The population to be investigated are ground employees working at a local airport. This study will contribute to social change by possibly giving employers and workers a chance to better understand job satisfaction. This will enable them to engage in meaningful decision making that is actually beneficial to their respective positions.
Qualitative Research Design
The qualitative research design seeks to answer the questions how and what of that which is being studied. Research design is composed of a central question and a series of sub questions. Creswell (2009) stated, “the central question is a broad question that asks for an exploration of the central phenomenon or concept in a study” (p. 129). The research design looks for patterns to find the cause of what is being studied.
To examine the theory that motivation has a direct impact on the performance of a worker’s duties, the qualitative research design calls for a central question and a related set of sub questions. The study’s central question is: What is the relationship between job satisfaction and employee performance? The related sub questions are
- What is employee motivation?
- What is job satisfaction?
- How is employee productivity determined?
- Why is the issue of job satisfaction important?
Quantitative Research Design
The quantitative research design includes both research questions and hypotheses. Research questions seek to find relationship between independent and dependent variables. Hypotheses seek to validate the expected relationship between variables. Quantitative strategies provide trends for that which is being studied or determination if a specific variable influences an outcome (Creswell, 2009).
To examine the theory that job satisfaction has an impact on employee productivity, hypotheses will be developed. Hypotheses are
- H1: There exists a relationship between job satisfaction and the degree to which an employee performs at work.
- H2: An increase in job satisfaction leads to an increase in productivity.
Hypotheses will be used to determine to what extent productivity in the workplace is impacted by job satisfaction.
Mixed Methods Research Design
The mixed methods research design encompasses both qualitative and quantitative research designs (Creswell, 2009). This research method can be best described as employing all available research methods to examine the problem statement. Mixed methods research design provides a more holistic approach at arriving at an answer to the problem statement.
To examine the theory that production in the workplace is directly impacted by job satisfaction, the data collected will have to be subjected to quantitative methods. The research question will serve to validate survey responses received. Trends and anomalies observed in the survey data will be validated through interviews with accounting firm managers. Outliers in the data can be appropriately addressed by interviewing accounting firm personnel. I would utilize the research question from the qualitative section, and the hypotheses from the quantitative section, in my proposed mixed methods study.
The problem and purpose statements largely lay the foundation for the research study. The problem statement and purpose statement create the research strategy (Creswell, 2009). The research strategy determines what questions will be developed and how the questions will be developed to address the problem statement. Qualitative and mixed method research strategies utilize research questions to address problem statement. Quantitative research utilizes either research questions or hypotheses to determine if there is a relationship between two variables (Creswell, 2009).
Ahmad, N., Tariq, M. S., & Hussain, A. (2015). Human resource practices and employee retention, evidences from banking sector of Pakistan.
Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches.
Gopalan, S. S., Mohanty, S., & Das, A. (2012). Assessing community health workers’ performance motivation: a mixed-methods approach on India’s Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA) programme. BMJ open, 2(5), e001557.
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