# Introduction to Engineering for Bridge Design

Introduction to Engineering for Bridge Design Introduction: • Objective is to build a light bridge that holds a lot of weight

• Teamwork and communicating with your team
• Make sure the bridge meets the rules
Materials
• Hot glue gun
• Popsicle sticks
• Wood glue
• Tape
• Ruler
• Pen
• Knife

## Introduction to Engineering for Bridge Design Methods

• We started off brainstorming for some ideas on a bridge design.
• After that we picked some of the bridges to test on west point bridge design.
• We saw the results of which bridges we could use
• One thing we always kept in mind was the rules of the bridge competition.
Methods
• Measured the popsicle sticks and marked them off where we want to glue them together
• We made the bottom two pieces first
• The top of the bridge was next
• Final the sides that connected the bottom and top together
• At last, we connected both of the sides together
• Tested one bridge by ourselves and we use Hamad’s as the weight to put on top of the first bridge……. It failed horribly
Results For First Bridge and Discussion
• Popsicle sticks use:145
• A weight of bridge: 198.3
• Weight the bridge holds:25.86lbs, 11730grams
• What caused it to fail: the bridge tilted to the side, but it did not break
Results For Final Bridge and Discussion
• Popsicle sticks use: 170
• A weight of bridge: 249.8
• Weight the bridge holds:64.68lbs, 29338grams
• What caused it to fail: the bridge tilted to the side, but it did not break

# Introduction to Engineering for Bridge Design Conclusions

• From the first bridge we built, we learned that it is important to make the bottom and top stronger
make the triangles equal and have lots of them
Recommendation
• Make the bridge not tilt to the side because none of our bridges broke the design would fail because how it tilted on its side
• Do some more research on which bridges could hold more
• Use better popsicle sticks because we use cheap and bad ones
Written Paper (Final paper) Requirements – follow Sato’s lecture on Technical Writing
? The paper must be prepared and submitted by individual students.
? The final paper is expected to be between 3 and 5 typewritten pages (single spaced).
? The paper must be typed using a font size of 11 or 12, font type of Times New Roman.
? Have the papers typed, single-spaced, on one side only paper with 25-mm (1 inch) margins
? Margins, in all directions, must be 25 mm (1 inch).
? A cover page must include course number, course title, paper title, student name, affiliation,
Writing).
? Abstract should be between100 and 200 words, including the objective of the project,
methodology, and major results and conclusions.
? The primary use of SI units is mandatory. Units other than SI may be given in parenthesis.
? The paper must be succinct, well organized, grammatically, and technically correct. *
? Artwork (e.g., figures, tables, photos, and associated documents) may be included in text or
Appendix (Appendices). Appendices are not included in the page requirement.
? The final paper must be bound (stapled).
and this is the technical writing that must be used in the paper

.Sources: Author Guidelines (Sources: Water Research, Water Environment Research, ASCE) Overall Structure –Manuscript Format (in general)
A complete manuscript should include the following:
1. Title (including authors, their affiliation, and addresses)
2. Abstract
3. Keywords
4. Introduction
5. Methodology (Material and Methods)
6. Results
7. Discussion (or Results and Discussion)
8. Conclusions
9. Acknowledgments
10. References
11. Appendix (or Appendices)
Subsections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections (generally for a large document).
? Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. o Abstract is not included in section numbering.
? Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text’.
? Any subsection may be given a brief heading.
? Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
Title Page
The text should begin with the title of the paper.
? Title should be concise and informative.
? Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
? Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems.
? Title page includes, but not limited to, the title of the document, author and coauthors, affiliations, and
Author names and affiliations
On the next line (after the title), place the authors’ names in the order in which they are to be referenced preceded by superscript numbers that correspond
to their affiliations, which will be listed below (the corresponding author’s name will also be preceded by an asterisk).

# Introduction to Engineering for Bridge Design Example

Belinda J. Rossini1*, Lorna E. Ernesto1, Steve M. Harris2
1*COOP, 2 Penna Center, 1500 Heights Boulevard, Suite 600, Philadelphia, PA 00000; e-mail: brossini@coop.com (at the time that this research was conducted,
a graduate student in the Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey)
2Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey
? Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), indicates this clearly.
? Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names.
? Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address.
? Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Corresponding author
? Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication.
? Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
? Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
? If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a ‘Present address’ (or ‘Permanent address’) may be
indicated as a footnote to that author’s name.
? The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
Abstract and Keywords Abstract
AThe abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and, major message.
? Abstract should contain concise, factual information on objectives, methods, results, and conclusions.
o Opinions, obscure terms, and jargon should be avoided
The abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.
o For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full,
without reference to the reference list.
? Abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the
abstract itself.
? A suitable abstract length is approximately 150-200 words.

# Introduction to Engineering for Bridge Design Keywords

The line below the abstract may contain keywords, listed in order of importance, that identify the main points in the manuscript.
? Immediately after the abstract, provide keywords, but not too many o 3 – 10 keywords
? Avoid general and plural terms, and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, “and”, “of”).
? Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.
? List keywords that make your paper easy detectable for interested readers in literature databases.
o Keep in mind that these keywords will be used for indexing purposes. o Repeating terms in the title is usually not needed.
Main Manuscript Body

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