Major discrimination laws Essay Paper

Major discrimination laws
Major discrimination laws

Major discrimination laws

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I need an essay in the following subject:

Identify 3 of the major discrimination laws. How are these laws intended to protect employees? Are these laws necessary and effective, or instead do they restrict the manager’s ability to properly manage?
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3) The answer must include examples from experience or the web with references from relevant examples from real companies.

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Various discrimination laws have been enacted to protect employees at workplace regardless of their terms or duration of their engagement. Both the employer and employee should be aware of these laws that regulate acts of discrimination at workplace.

Pregnancy Discrimination

This is one of the major discrimination witnessed at work. It involves treating a woman either an employee or applicant unfavorably due to pregnancy, childbirth, or medical conditions related to pregnancy. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act prohibits discrimination in any facet of employment; hiring, firing, pay, job assignment, promotions, layoff, training, benefits or redundancy (EEOC 2014).

This law states that a female employee who is temporarily unable to execute her duties due to conditions under this act, should be treated the same way as would any other temporarily disabled employee. It forbids harassment of a woman due to pregnancy, childbirth, or medical conditions associated to pregnancy. The act allows a pregnant woman to take a maternity leave (EEOC 2014).

Disability Discrimination

Disability discrimination is the treatment of a qualified disabled employee or applicant unfavourable because of their status. Disability is the physical or mental impairment of an individual. Disability can be due to a chronic condition that one may be suffering from, for instance cancer that is in remission. It is unlawful to mistreat an employee who is disabled or has a relationship with a disabled person, for instance spouse (Blanpain, Walgrave & Jacqmain 2014).

This law requires an employer to provide reasonable accommodation to employee or applicant with a disability, unless if the accommodation will cause undue hardship. A reasonable accommodation may mean any change that the organisation can make to favour a disabled employee (Ford 2014).

The act protects those related to employees with disability. It forbids discrimination when it comes to hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training and any term or condition of employment (EEOC 2014).

Harassment of disabled employees is illegal in this act and any action that perceived to be offensive to such an employee. Disabled employees should be helped whenever necessary during their engagement (EEOC 2014). It is the employers’ responsibility to have in place measures which help in reporting and dealing with disability mistreatment situations (Ford 2014).

Equal Pay and Compensation

The act states that men and women who do equal work and work in the same workplace should be given equal pay. Work should be substantially equal even if not identical. This law requires that all compensations and benefits be equal regardless of race, sex or disability in same workplace and equal qualification (EEOC 2014).

Paying one gender more than the other is a big violation under this act. The employers are required to reward their employees equally in regard to the duties they have delivered to the company and not as per their physical, sexual or age differences (Mallory, Hasenbush & Davis 2014).

How are these Discrimination Laws Effective?

These laws are very effective to an organisation. The effectiveness of the laws largely depends on the management in the organisation. An organisation should put in measures to enable the laws to work. This responsibility rests squarely on the leadership and management of the organisation. Managers are the first in line when it comes to the implementation of these laws (Selmi 2014).

Some acts may not be seen as discriminatory by a majority of employees or applicants. Take for instance, a woman who cannot secure a job in a construction industry due to a perception that it is a male dominated field. Consider a scenario where a young lady is fired by her boss because the boss feels that she is ugly as a secretary. The manager hires another female secretary. Such acts constitute discrimination as the intentions and their outcomes can only depend on the employer decisions (Pattson, Sanders & Ross 2014).

Looking at the two scenarios, one concludes that in the first one the employer’s decision seemed overall though its result disadvantages women. In case two, the employer’s motive is unacceptable but not discriminatory to women as the vacancy was filled by the same gender (Pattison, Sanders & Ross 2014)

Impact of the Laws to managers.

The understanding of these laws by the managers in any company can greatly help them run companies with ease. When discriminatory acts exist in an organisation, managers get hard time to run the firms. Organisation’s management can be difficult if the discrimination laws are misunderstood. The aggrieved can file civil suits in law court negatively affect a firm’s reputation. It implies that the laws should protect those who are members of such organisations (Ford 2014).

An organisation consists of individuals with different strengths, abilities and capabilities. Managers may be viewed as discriminative when they assign some duties to employees they feel can deliver them well because of abilities and talents. Managers may fear reactions from the company about doing right things that may appear as discriminatory.

A look at Stemcor Company, London

Stemcor is one of the companies that has benefited by enforcing the discrimination laws among its employees. The company is one of the leading steel firms in the world. It has a bullying and harassment policy on employees’ portal. The policy states that the company shall not entertain any form of bullying or harassment. Equal opportunity policy of the company states that the firm is a discrimination free zone and the employer is an equal opportunity provider to all employees (SGEP 2012). This means that discrimination laws have had a positive role in the firm’s success story.


Discrimination laws are an essential tool in any organisation that visions success. Since their enactment, the laws have been introduced to a majority of business entities though their impact depends on the leadership and management of a specific company. It is the responsibility of those in managerial positions to ensure and ascertain that every employee understands and respects the laid provisions of discrimination acts.


Blanpain, R, Walgrave, J & Jacqmain, J 2014, Unlawful Employment Discrimination: A Discussion of Belgian Law and Related Issues. Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law, vol.20 no.1, p.123.

Ford, RT 2014, Bias in the Air: Rethinking Employment Discrimination Law. Stanford Law Review, vol. 66 no.1381

Mallory, C, Hasenbush, A & Davis, GK 2014, Employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in South Carolina.

Pattison, P, Sanders, DE & Ross, J 2014, The Squiggly Line: When Should Individual Choices Be Protected from Employment Discrimination? Southern Law Journal, vol.24 no.1, p.29.

Selmi, M 2014, The Evolution of Employment Discrimination Law: Changed Doctrine for Changed Social Conditions. GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper,

Stemcor Group Ethics Policy, 2012, Group Ethics Policy: Relationship with Employees

Retrieved 4rth Dec 2014 from

Wilcox, KC, Brodsky, DL & Beverly Tucker, JD, 2013, Administrative Enforcement of Equal Employment Opportunity Laws. California Employment Law, 3.

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