Medical Tourism Theoretical Framework Description
Here is my theoretical framework
“For my thesis I intend to demonstrate why health tourists travel to India. In order to do this I must analyze the reasons that make traveling to India for health tourism more viable than staying in country for medical treatments.
I will use my sources to pinpoint the specific reasons why seeking medical treatment in India has become the prudent option.
The primary theory behind the ability to travel abroad for any service (i.e. medical, financial, etc.) is the time-space compression theory. The time-space compression theory portrays the three-dimensionality of space in respect to time (and time in respect to space). Because of advancements in modern technology, transportation and communication have been drastically altered. The time that has usually been required to travel from one point to another has decreased while the distance remains the same. Simultaneously, the time it once took to communicate from one corner of the globe to the other has diminished exponentially in recent years even though the distance remains constant. Both of these factors lend hand in allowing more people access to other places, people, and ideas that they would otherwise be without. With distance and communication not factors, people seeking medical attention can look beyond what is immediately available.
Medical Tourism Theoretical Framework on why People Travel to India
The second theory behind why people travel to India for health tourism is affordability. Most procedures in India cost less across the board than for countries in the West. John Connell demonstrates the affordability of procedures in their journals. Connell compares the costs for an emergency open-heart surgery in the United States to India. The disparity in prices allows the people to undergo the same procedure as well as pay for travel costs for a fraction of the price.
The third theory behind the success of medical tourism in India is the quality and specialization of doctors. India markets its medical industry as “hi-tech healing” which is essentially stating its cutting-edge technology in the country. As I will point out, the major demographic of health tourists that go to India today are patients from Africa. They choose to travel to India for the best medical expertise in the closest proximity to them. A high number of Kenyans see this as the most viable way to receive treatment. Moreover, an increasing number of middle and upper class individuals from all over Africa find medical tourism to India to be the most sought out way to receive medical treatment.
Medical Tourism Theoretical Framework in the Middle East
Finally, the last reason India is such a growing hub for medical tourism is its ability to perform operations that are illegal or tabooed in other countries. One such example is abortion. Abortion in the Middle East is forbidden and illegal so women often travel to India to receive treatment. The nature of having a procedure done out of the country allows an individual the discretion and privacy demanded in such an operation. Beyond this, there are no personal connections or familiar faces in an abroad industry such as this. This factor allows patients to travel and undergo operations with a peace of mind that is not offered in their own country.
All in all, the main operating theory behind this movement and industry is the continuation of globalization. The natural human tendency in to become more and more interwoven culturally, financially, and socially. Medical tourism patients traveling to India adhere to these globalization trends.