# Visual Elements and Principles in Rivers and Tides

Visual Elements and Principles in Rivers and Tides & purposes and functions of art Part 1 //( Visual elements and principles – Rivers and Tides )

# Visual Elements and Principles in Rivers and Tides

Watch the first 45 minutes of the movie Rivers and Tides about the artist Andy Goldsworthy. The movie shows him creating a number of sculptures in the natural environment; keep an eye out for how he uses visual elements and principles – they are key to understanding his work.

1.

Shape – a type of shapes (organic, geometric, curvilinear or straight-edged?) and/or mass (open, closed, etc)

Light / Value – light or dark? High or low contrast? How is it used?

Color – describe: Hue, Value, Saturation, color scheme and relationships – are there contrasting or similar hues?

Texture / Pattern – tactile or visual, metaphorical or expressive

Space –does it have an illusion of depth? (eg, uses linear or atmospheric perspective)

### Visual Elements and Principles in Rivers and Tides

Or is there an emphasis on flatness?

Time – references to the passage of time or sequence? Cyclical? Linear? Other?

Motion – does it move? (how? describe..) Or have implied motion?

VISUAL PRINCIPLES (list for reference)

Unity & Variety

Balance

Emphasis and Subordination

Scale and Proportion

Repetition & Rhythm

Example: Icicle Rock Sculpture (you write about the second and third pieces!)

Choose three of the purposes listed and think of an example of each. You could describe a real piece you’ve seen or heard of, or make one up! Make sure to explain which purpose your examples describe.

##### Visual Elements and Principles in Rivers and Tides Functions of art

https://www.thoughtco.com/what-are-the-functions-of-art-182414

Describe a good example of art that for each of the 3 different functions as described in the article:

1. Personal
2. Social
3. physical

The true pupose of art

1. Is there a part of what she says that you can agree with or would disagree with?