What are the causes of poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

What are the causes of poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa
   What are the causes of poverty in Sub-     Saharan Africa

Variables, Hypotheses, and Relations;what are the causes of poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa?

Order Instructions:

Variables, Hypotheses, and Relations
This week’s Discussion will assist you in starting the Final Project. This is the only Discussion in this course that relates directly to this assignment. Ensuing work on the Final Project will be done as written assignments submitted to the Instructor for evaluation.
To prepare for this Discussion:

• Review Chapter 3, “Elements of Research” in the course text Research Methods in the Social Sciences, as well as the quantitative sections of Chapters 2, 3, 5, 6, and 7 in the course text from RSCH 8100, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches.

• Review the Final Project Description document, located in the Learning Resources.
• Select an empirical research problem to focus on for this Discussion and, in turn, for the Final Project.
• Identify the units of analysis. How can you support that these are reasonable items to compare? How can you avoid the ecological and individualistic fallacies with respect to units of analysis?
• Determine two researchable hypotheses for the research problem you have selected and the independent, dependent, and control variables for each hypothesis.
• What changes in magnitude and relations do you expect between the dependent and independent variables for each hypothesis?
With these thoughts in mind:

Post by Day 3: 2 or 3 paragraphs in which you do the following:
• Identify your selected empirical research problem and the units of analysis. Include support for these units as being reasonable for comparison and how you would avoid the ecological and individualistic fallacies.
• Determine two researchable hypotheses based on your research problem. For each hypothesis, identify the independent, dependent, and control variables. Moreover, estimate expected changes in the magnitude and relations between the dependent and independent variables.
When appropriate, be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the reading(s) and/or video program(s) and use APA format.


What are the causes of poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa


Research topics will vary from one to another and will depend on the situation and the needs of the researcher. Through research, it becomes easy to understand various dynamics or situations at hand. Research involves different concepts and process that researchers need to understand and embrace.

The empirical research problem identified is ‘what are the causes of poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa?’ In this research problem, the unit of analysis is the communities that reside in Sub-Saharan Africa. Units of analysis in this matter are the major entity the study seeks to analyze (LaFountain & Bartos, 2002). Community in Sub-Saharan Africa is the unity of analysis. Individualistic and ecological fallacies may lead to errors in the study. Ecological errors arise because of reasoning about differing units of analysis where by data generated from individuals is used to draw conclusions on a group (LaFountain & Bartos, 2002). To avoid such errors, the researcher should ensure that the data generated from the group is used to draw conclusions on that particular group but not on specific individual. For instance, in this case, the conclusions derived from the study should state that the community is power as whole because of reasons they found out.

Hypothesis that related to this topic include:

Ignorance contributes to increased cases of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa

Dependent variable is ignorance while independent variable is increased case of poverty while controlled variable is similar to Independent variable. These two variables are related since they affect each other. The expected change in magnitude is average. Increasing level of literacy will reduce poverty to some level but is not a guarantee.

Poor governance causes poverty in Sub Saharan Africa

In this second hypothesis, the independent variable is poor governance while dependent variable is the causes of poverty. Controllable variable is governance. Similarly, the independent and dependent variable have closer relationship in the sense that they affect each other.  The change in magnitude between the two is expected to be higher because is there is good governance, is possible to formulate possibilities that can drive the region forward and help eradicate poverty.


LaFountain, R., & Bartos, R. (2002). Research and statistics made meaningful in counseling and   student affairs. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

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