The Descent into Addiction and Depression

The Descent into Addiction and Depression Each reply must be between 250-300 words. Please answer each question separately.

The Descent into Addiction and Depression
The Descent into Addiction and Depression

Discussion Question 1: After reading Chapter 4 of Addictions, discuss “The Descent into Addiction.” Make sure to discuss the issues concerning children, friendships, infatuation, love, and betrayal as well as worship. According to the lectures, what is self-control and why is it so important?

Discussion Question 2: From the lectures discuss the nature, cause, and symptoms of depression. Do you know someone who has struggled with depression or anger? How does depression or anger feel? How does the gospel offer a pathway to power and freedom?


Welch, E. T. (2001). Addictions: A Banquet in the Grave: Finding Hope in the Power of the Gospel. Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing. ISBN: 9780875526065

Every Good Endeavor: Connecting Your Work to God’s Work. New York, NY: Viking. ISBN: 9781594632822

Developing a Parks Maintenance Program

Developing a Parks Maintenance Program Students will develop and write their own Parks maintenance program.

Developing a Parks Maintenance Program
Developing a Parks Maintenance Program

A parks maintenance plan is a document that includes a description of tasks, standards/guidelines to perform those tasks, and an annual schedule of when and how often these tasks should be performed. A Parks Maintenance Plan mainly ensures consistency in operations but can also increase efficiency organization, ease of scheduling and opportunities for successful leadership.

Developing a Parks Maintenance Program

Term Assignment: Developing a Parks Maintenance Program

Working in pairs or independently, students will develop and write their own Parks maintenance program. A parks maintenance plan is a document that includes a description of tasks, standards/guidelines to perform those tasks, and an annual schedule of when and how often these tasks should be performed. A Parks Maintenance Plan mainly ensures consistency in operations but can also increase efficiency organization, ease of scheduling and opportunities for successful leadership.

A significant amount of independent research may be required to complete this project, along with class resources and instructor feedback and assistance.

The area designated for this project includes:

? The entire property of Niagara College, Niagara-on-the-Lake Campus

? The storm pond and neighborhood park located within the Niagara-on-the-Green community, located west of the campus.

? George Taylor Field, located on Seymour Ave. in St. Catharines

Google Earth will be a helpful tool for images and determining areas of maintenance.



  1. Introduction, goals of Parks operations
  2. Open Spaces Descriptions, Purposes, Classifications
  3. Maintenance Standards and Guidelines
  4. Horticulture, Weeds and Turf
  5. Trees and Shrubs
  6. Playgrounds and park furnishings
  7. Sports Fields
  8. Storm Ponds
  9. Integrated Pest Management
  10. Water Management and Irrigation


  1. Sample annual labour budget
  2. Sample seasonal maintenance labour/activity chart

DUE DATE: April 17, 2019 in PDF submitted on Blackboard



Introduction, overview, goals of Parks operations 5

Open Spaces Descriptions, Purposes, Classifications 5

Maintenance Standards and Guidelines

  1. Horticulture, Weeds and Turf 5
  2. Trees and Shrubs 5
  3. Playgrounds and park furnishings 5
  4. Sports Fields 5
  5. Storm Ponds 5

Integrated Pest Management 5

Water Management and Irrigation 5


Sample annual operating budget 10

Developing a Parks Maintenance Program

Sample seasonal maintenance labour/activity chart 10


Title Page, Typed, 11-pt Arial font, single spaced /5

Spelling and grammar /5


Percentage of Final Grade: 30%

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University LST2BSL: Introduction to Business Law and Ethics

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University
Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

Semester 1, 2019

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University Common Law Assignment


  1. This assignment is worth 20% of your final mark for this subject.
  2. Your assignment must be submitted by 11.59pm (midnight) on Sunday 14th April.
  3. All questions must be answered.
  4. With regards to formatting, your assignment must be typed with 1.5 or double spacing, and with margins of at least 2cm on all sides. Size 12 font must be used.
  5. The task is a common law assignment, so you are NOT required to discuss any legislation at all. It is essential that you cite relevant authorities (cases) wherever possible to support your reasoning in each answer.
  6. Your work must be appropriately referenced, using footnotes. Where you state a legal principle, which comes from a case, you must provide a citation to the relevant case. If you are stating a legal principle that is covered in the textbook or lecture and which does not have a relevant case provided in the textbook, you should cite the textbook. You are not expected to use any materials beyond the lectures and the set textbook. But if you do, you must provide appropriate citations. No bibliography is required. Format your citations according to the citation guide at the end of this document.

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

  1. Your assignment must be 1,500 words or fewer, excluding all footnotes. This word limit is strict:

there is no 10% leeway. You must state the word count on the front page of your assignment. (If

you fail to provide this, the marker will be forced to estimate the word count, and this may lead to penalties.)

  1. You must also state the details of your seminar on the front page of your assignment. This includes the day and time and location of your seminar and the name of your seminar leader.
  2. Assignment submission is electronic only (will be made available from early April), via the link on

LMS. Do not email your assignment to your campusesí seminar leaders or the subject coordinator.

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

Your assignment will not be marked unless and until you have completed electronic submission.

You should receive an email receipt confirming your submission. You are responsible for ensuring the submission is successful. Should any technical problems arise, if you cannot provide an email receipt we will assume that you never attempted to submit any assignment.

  1. You can only submit your assignment once. Submission is final. You will not be able to access your

Turnitin originality report. Teaching staff will be checking these reports.

  1. You must not plagiarise. To avoid plagiarism, make sure you acknowledge all your sources with

appropriate citations. You may discuss the questions with other students, but all written work must

be your own: do not show anyone your written work for this assignment, and do not view anyone elseís. Academic misconduct is taken extremely seriously at La Trobe University. Further information about plagiarism and academic misconduct is provided in the Subject Learning Guide.

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

  1. Further information about policies on late submission, applying for an extension, etc. is available

on the LMS, and in your Subject Learning Guide.


Julie owns and runs a small traffic management business called Round-The-Bend. They use signs and

barriers to safely divert traffic around roadworks, construction works or emergencies on roads.

On Monday, Julie receives an email from Simon: ëAre you available in the first week of February? We will

be carrying out some earthworks around 50 Main Rd and need someone to divert traffic.í

Julie responds immediately: ëI donít have any jobs booked in the first half of February. How big a team do you need? If you can say what hours youíll be doing the earthworks, I can give you a rough quote.í

Simon then replies on Tuesday: ëWeíre working on a pretty big stretch of the footpath ñ around 20 metres long. Weíll start at 6am and go until 10pm, each day until the jobís finished. Itíll probably take 3-4 days, Iíd say.í

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

Julie then emails back: ëSounds like weíd need a team of 4 people. Weíd need an extra half an hour

before you start, to set up, and an extra half an hour at the end to pack up and ensure everything is left in

a safe condition. We charge $340 per hour for a job this size. Our calendar tends to fill up fast, so you

need to let me know soon if you want to book the job. I can only hold the first week of February open for

you until the end of this week.í

After Simon reads the email he contacts several other traffic management businesses to get more quotes

for the job. He discovers that Julieís quote is the best but gets delayed with other matters rather than

responding to her straightaway. Concerned that maybe she doesnít check business emails on the weekend, Simon gets her mobile number from the website for Round-The-Bend and sends her an SMS at 6am on Sunday morning: ëSimon here. Itís a YES for the Main Rd job in February!í

  1. Is there a binding agreement between Simon and Julie, for the job in February? (4 marks)
Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

The same week, Julie gets a call from the Berrytown local council about an upcoming ëEaster Eggs Hunt in

the Parkí event.

Peter from the council tells Julie that they have sourced a range of local businesses to volunteer their

services for the event, since it is the annual charity fundraiser, for the communityís wildlife sanctuary.

ìEveryone in the community is pitching in ñ we just need someone to manage all the traffic on the day! It

gets very hectic and we open up part of the local football oval to accommodate all the extra parking.î

Julie says she is willing to help. ìWonderful!î says Peter. ìWe donít have much to offer in return ñ only a

small Easter hamper of goods donated by local businesses.î

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

ìThatís fine,î replies Julie.

The day before the Easter in the Park event, Julie realises she has accidentally double-booked her team.

She calls Peter: ìIím so sorry but we wonít be able to help with the Easter event tomorrow after all!î

ìWhat?î replies Peter. ìYou canít back out now ñ we have a binding agreement. You canít simply change

your mind!î

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University
  1. Is there a binding agreement between Peter and Julie, for the local fundraiser job? (5 marks)

After a job Julie sends her invoice for $2300 to the client, Tina. It states that it is payable within three

business days. But two weeks later, Tina still hasnít paid. Julie calls her to follow up.

ìYes, I know, youíll have it soonî says Tina. But another two weeks go by and still she hasnít paid. Julie

decides to show up at Tinaís business to demand payment. Tina says she doesnít have the cash to pay the

whole account right now.

ìThatís hardly my problem! What do I have to do to get you to pay?î says Julie.

Tina responds: ìWell, you could try taking me to courtÖ but it wouldnít change the fact I canít pay you

right now. How about this instead?î Tina then suggests that she pays Julie what she can right now, which is $1500, and then also provide her with a personal reference to Tinaís aunt Tania who works in stategovernment. ìTania manages projects every month which need traffic management. Youíll have morejobs than you know what to do with! Tania trusts me; sheíll be happy to use your service.î

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

Julie reluctantly agrees.

  1. Is the new agreement between Tina and Julie legally binding? (5 marks)

Julie is attending a statewide trade show, displaying the signs and equipment that Round-The-Bend use

and showing video footage of their traffic management in action.

Michael comes up and chats with her about the business and the kinds of job that they take on. He

explains that heís looking for a traffic management team to help with an unusual project, working in

conditions of low visibility on a steep mountain.

ìHmm, that does sound tricky,î says Julie. ìBut I know how we can do it. We just need to get some

special electronic equipment to go with our traffic lights. It can keep the whole system connected and

then we can pre-empt the problem of the limited visibility. We donít normally need such a system, but

for a job like yours I think it would be a good solution.î

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

ìGreat! I have been trying to find a business that will take this on. It sounds like you will be able to handle

it well,î says Michael.

ìYes, we can handle it. But Iíll need you to set out all the details in writing ñ you can send me everything

via email or fill out the form on our website. Here,î explains Julie, as she hands over a business card.

ìNo problem, Iíll do that by tomorrow,î responds Michael, as he takes the card and puts it in his pocket.

But three days later, Julie still hasnít heard from Michael. Sheís wondering whether to go ahead and

order the special equipment and electronics needed to take on this unusual job. She looks up the details

of Michaelís business, and calls him. She asks if heís still interested, and reminds him that there are extra

details, like dates, location, and hours, that he needs to indicate on the form.

Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe University

ìYes, Binding contracts using IRAC Method La Trobe Universityweíre definitely still interested! Iíve just been too busy to fill out the online form this week. But

weíre on for the project. So, do what you need to do, and youíll have all the details from me soon,î says

Michael. Julie goes ahead and orders the special equipment, which costs $3,000.

A week later, the online form still hasnít been completed. Julie calls Michael but he doesnít answer. The

next day she receives a voicemail from him saying that heís no longer going ahead with the project.

  1. Can Michael be ëestoppedí from saying that he has no agreement with Julie? (6 marks)

Psychological Science Experimental Methods

Psychological Science Experimental Methods Marks: This assignment will be marked out of 100, and is worth 30% of your final grade for PSEM/FRDASP.

Psychological Science Experimental Methods
Psychological Science Experimental Methods

Topic overview and formatting requirements: Blended teaching (where elements of face-to-face and online teaching are combined) has emerged as an option for delivery of university courses over the past 20 years. Whereas strictly online teaching is seen as an alternative to face-to-face courses, blended delivery is seen as an evolution of traditional teaching involving both face-to-face and online components. Advocates of blended teaching argue it provides a more flexible and engaging option for university courses over traditional face-to-face teaching. However, as noted by Means, Toyama, Murphy, and Baki (2013) the empirical support for the use of blended delivery of university courses is largely pre or quasi-experimental. In this assignment, you will address the above-identified gap by designing a piece of experimental research that could empirically support the use of blended teaching for university courses.

Psychological Science Experimental Methods Formatting requirements:

There are many decisions that need to be made and defended in designing any piece of research and, as this is your first attempt at such a task, we are going to guide you through the process by asking a series of questions1. Your answers to all 10 questions must be contained within five pages (excluding reference list) that meet the following formatting requirements:

  1. 12-point Times New Roman font.
  2. 2.5 cm (1 inch) margins.
  3. Double line spacing.
  4. Indent the first line of each paragraph.

Please abide by these formatting requirements (which are all standard formatting requirements for an APA style manuscript), as they ensure that all students have the same amount of space in which to express their ideas.

Note that you do not need to re-type the questions before your answers, or leave blank spaces between answers. Just label each answer clearly. Likewise, you do not need to write an introduction or a conclusion. Just answer each question as clearly and concisely as you can.

1 When you are asked to design a study in later years you will be expected to provide answers to all the questions asked in this assignment, but structured as a formal research proposal, rather than as a series of discreet short answers.

Page 1 of 5

Psychological Science Experimental Methods Questions:

  1. Provide a brief (absolutely no more than 1.5 pages) critical overview of relevant current research. In this overview, please cite at least three pieces of original research2 and aim to address the following issues with regards to each: (a) What research methods were used? (b) What was found? (c) What (if any) is the key limitation of the research? Ideally, your answer to this question will be an integrated review (in the style that you would find in the introduction of a journal article), rather than three discreet paragraphs, each dedicated to a single study. (15 Marks)

Now that you are familiar with current research, you can begin describing and defending the design of your experiment. Keep it simple. You only need one IV and one DV, and you are not expected to propose anything methodological or statistical that is not covered in the first six lecture topics. Furthermore, you do not need to reinvent any wheels! For example, there are lots of established methods for measuring the types of outcomes blended teaching would be concerned with. You do not need to invent a new way of measuring, for example, academic performance.

  1. In one sentence, specify a research question for your experiment. (5 Marks)
  2. Use your research question to develop a (i.e., ONE) hypothesis for your research. (5 Marks)
  3. What is your IV (and what are its levels)? What is your DV? How will you operationally define these variables (i.e., how will you measure or manipulate them?), and what will the resultant data look like (i.e., will it be nominal data? Interval data?)? If your operational definitions are inspired by previous research, be sure to include the appropriate citations. (10 Marks)
  4. Who are the proposed participants for your research? In your answer, please define the population, and explain how you will sample from this population. Also specify how large the sample is required to be, and justify this decision. Note that a good justification will demonstrate a clear understanding of a priori power analysis and related issues. (10 Marks)
  5. Describe, in a systematic fashion, the procedure for your experiment. In your answer, describe how participants will be assigned to levels of your IV, and then describe what you will ask them to do. Again, if your proposed procedure has been inspired by previous research, don’t forget to include citations. (10 Marks)
  6. Explain how you will test your hypothesis. What statistical test will you use? If your hypothesis is supported, what would you expect the results of this test to look like? (For example, what might the p- value be? What might the group/condition means look like?) What are the assumptions of your hypothesis test? How will you know whether or not these assumptions have been met? (15 Marks)
  7. Describe one plausible threat to the internal validity of your study, and explain how you will address or limit the impact of this threat in your design. If your design does not address this threat, explain why not. (10 Marks)

Psychological Science Experimental Methods

2 By original research, we mean journal articles or book chapters that describe research findings that have not been previously published. Articles and chapters that report original research should not be confused with those that review, synthesize or offer alternative interpretations of previously published research, but do not contribute any new findings to the body of literature. Although you may (and are encouraged to) refer to these review/theoretical articles as well, please ensure that you refer to at least three articles reporting original research in your answer. To avoid any grey areas, let’s consider meta-analyses to be original research for the purposes of this assignment.

Page 2 of 5

  1. Comment on the external validity of your study. (10 Marks)
  2. Describe one ethical issue that you could encounter in this research, and how it might be addressed/resolved to the satisfaction of a Human Research Ethics Committee. If you don’t believe that it could be addressed/resolved to the satisfaction of a Human Research Ethics Committee, explain why not. (10 Marks)

Referencing: Students should use the 6th edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style when preparing this assignment. Note that the APA’s publication manual should be considered the definitive source for all APA style matters, and if you use an APA style guide from another source, you do so at your own risk. There are plenty of copies of the publication manual in the library.

Plagiarism: The School of Psychology, the School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work, and Speech Pathology, and the University regard plagiarism and other forms of academic misconduct as extremely serious offenses. As future professionals, it is indefensible to present the work (either words or ideas) of others, either knowingly or accidentally, as though it is your own. The following information comes (with permission from the author) from a Curtin University Study Skills Information Sheet, available free from Counseling Services.


Plagiarism seems to be viewed in academia as a crime only just below mass murder. It may be simply defined as the use of someone elseís work without acknowledging that you have used it.

There appear to be four common sorts of plagiarism:

  1. Using some words or ideas from something, which has been published, and not stating what the source was.
  2. Using an exact quotation from another writer and not showing that it is an exact quotation ñ even though you may acknowledge the source. [This is the most misunderstood form of plagiarism and consequently, appears to be the most common form of plagiarism].
  3. Arranging someone else to do the work for you.
  4. Using another student’s material. For example, it is not acceptable (in a state of being in a terrible hurry) to borrow someone else’s assignment and copy it.

Please ensure that you know what constitutes plagiarism and how it can be avoided (i.e., through proper referencing). More information about academic integrity and plagiarism can be found here:

Assignment submission: This assignment will be marked and returned to you electronically via Turnitin Grade Mark. You will find the submission point in the assignments section of the Blackboard site for this unit. Note that you can submit as many drafts as you want (and will receive an originality report for each, although the second and subsequent will be delayed for 24 hours after production of the first), but the copy of the assignment that is in the system at 5:00 pm on 15th April 2019 will be considered final, and cannot be overwritten3. It is not necessary to include an assignment Cover Sheet with your submission, as you will be required to declare that it is your own work as a part of the submission process.

Psychological Science Experimental Methods

Extensions, late penalties, academic integrity etc.: Please refer to your unit outline.

3 Unless you have been granted an extension. If this is the case, and you are unable to submit your final copy because there is already a draft in the system, please email the unit coordinator a copy of your assignment before your revised due date/time, and it will be uploaded on your behalf.

Page 3 of 5

Asking questions: We are very happy to answer questions about this assignment. However, in the interests of fairness, we request that these questions be asked on the Blackboard discussion board, rather than by email or telephone. This ensures that all students have access to the same information when working on their assignments.

Psychological Science Experimental Methods Reference:

Means, B., Toyama, Y., Murphy, R., & Baki, M. (2013). The effectiveness of online and blended learning: A meta-analysis of the empirical literature. Teachers College Record, 115, 1-47.

Developing the Budget on Computer Spare Parts

Developing the Budget on Computer Spare Parts Patrick works for McGill’s Computer Repair, owned and operated by Frank McGill.

Developing the Budget on Computer Spare Parts
Developing the Budget on Computer Spare Parts

As a computer technician, Patrick has grown accustomed to friends and family members asking for assistance with their personal computers. In an effort to increase his income, Patrick started a personal computer repair business that he operates out of his home on a part-time basis, working evenings and weekends.

Developing the Budget on Computer Spare Parts

Because Patrick is doing this ìon the side for friends and family, he does not want to charge as much as McGillís charges its customers. When Frank McGill assigned Patrick the task of developing the budget for his department, Patrick increased the amount budgeted for computer parts. When the budget was approved, Patrick purchased as many parts as the budget allowed, even when they were not needed. He then took the extra parts home to use in his personal business in an effort to keep his costs down and profits up. So far, no one at McGill has asked about the expense of the parts because Patrick has not allowed the actual amount spent to exceed the budgeted amount.

Developing the Budget on Computer Spare Parts

Notes: Make sure you are using credible sources in your assignments. Scholarly journals are the preferred source of credible/quality references. These consist of peer-reviewed articles published in academic journals related to the field, which are found via our Library. Websites such as Investopedia,,, or dictionary-type of websites limit the insight to the topics. Wikipedia is not acceptable as it is not a reliable or credible source of reference.

National Law Enforcement Training Center

National Law Enforcement Training Center

Write a 3-page

National Law Enforcement Training Center
National Law Enforcement Training Center

paper double spaced on the link above website.

Here are some of the questions that need to be answered in your paper.

— write about what the website is about?

—-what type of training they have there?

—- Who started this training center? How long has it been established?

— Is it members only?

—How long is the Training for?

–How is it funded?

— What is there Goal? What are they trying to accomplish with this training?

— How can you get accepted in this training program?

— What type of awards or certificates do you receive?

—- Is this a hard website to use? is the information given helpful?

Psychological Constructs Research Methods

Psychological Constructs Research Methods Psychological constructs should be topics we have discussed in class from the beginning of the semester until now and all paper topics must be approved by me before beginning the paper.

Psychological Constructs Research Methods
Psychological Constructs Research Methods

Your paper must define a psychology topic (Ex. Substance Use and Abuse, Research Methods, or Ethics in Psychology, etc) and how it directly relates to an aspect of pop-culture (Ex. T.V. shows, music, social media, political scandals, etc). ( I think substance use and abuse is the best to talk about because we focused on this the most) Construct, also called a hypothetical construct or psychological construct, in psychology, a tool used to facilitate understanding of human behavior.

Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis

Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis Read the article below and write a three-page analysis on what on the concept of COMSTAT and how it has been used and abused, over the years.

Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis
Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis

Your analysis should include your ideas and suggestions on how to improve this organizational performance measurement, or why it should be discontinued and what (if anything) should take it’s place.

Again Note: Please make sure you read the material given and base the paper off the material given. Make sure the pages are fully complete grammar is correct, and work is cited (give the owner credit.) Also, one source is always good for the paper.

Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis

If we are to promote more thoughtful and evidence-based policing, then Compstat has to change. The Compstat-type crime management meeting has its origins in Bill Brattonís need to extract greater accountability from NYPD precinct commanders in late 1990s New York. It was definitely innovative for policing at the time, and instigated many initiatives that are hugely beneficial to modern policing (such as the growth of crime mapping). And arguably it has been successful in promoting greater reflexivity from middle managers; however these days the flaws are increasingly apparent.

Over my years of watching Compstat-type meetings in a number of departments, Iíve observed everyone settle into their Compstat role relatively comfortably. Well almost. The mid-level local area commander who has to field questions is often a little uneasy, but these days few careers are destroyed in Compstat. A little preparation, some confidence, and a handful of quick statistics or case details to bullshit through the tough parts will all see a shrewd commander escape unscathed.

Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis

In turn, the executives know their role. They stare intently at the map, ask about a crime hot spot or two, perhaps interrogate a little on a case just to check the commander has some specifics on hand, and then volunteer thoughts on a strategy the commander should tryójust to demonstrate their experience. Itís an easy role because it doesnít require any preparation. In turn, the area commander pledges to increase patrols in the neighborhood and everyone commits to reviewing progress next month, safe in the knowledge that little review will actually take place because by then new dots will have appeared on the map to absorb everyoneís attention. Itís a one-trick pony and everyone is comfortable with the trick.

Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis

There are some glaring problems with Compstat. The first is that the analysis is weak and often just based on a map of dots or, if the department is adventurous, crime hot spots. Unfortunately, a map of crime hot spots should be the start of an analysis, not the conclusion. Itís great for telling us whatis going on, but this sort of map canít really tell us why. We need more information and intelligence to get to why. And why is vital if we are to implement a successful crime reduction strategy.

We never get beyond this basic map because of the second problem: the frequent push to make an operational decision immediately. When command staff have to magic up a response on the spot, the result is often a superficial operational choice. Nobody wants to appear indecisive, but with crime control, it can be disastrous. Too few commanders ever request more time to do more analysis, or time to consider the evidence base for their operational strategies. Itís as if asking to think more about a complex problem would be seen as weak or too ëcleverí. I concede that tackling an emerging crime spike might be valuable (though they often regress to the mean, or as Sir Francis Galton called it in 1886, regression towards mediocrity). Many Compstat issues however, revolve around chronic, long-term problems where a few days isnít going to make much difference. We should adopt the attitude that itís better to have a thoughtfully considered successful strategy next week than a failing one this week.

Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis

Because of the pressure to miracle a working strategy out of thin air, area commanders usually default to a limited set of standard approaches, saturation patrol with uniform resources being the one that I see at least 90 percent of the time. And itís applied to everything, regardless of whether there is any likelihood that it will impact the problem. It is suggested by executives and embraced by local area commanders because it is how weíve always escaped from Compstat. Few question saturation patrols, there is some evidence it works in the short term, and itís a non-threatening traditional policing approach that everyone understands. Saturation patrol is like a favorite winter coat, except that we like to wear it all year round.

Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis

Third, in the absence of a more thoughtful and evidence-based process, too many decisions and views lack any evidential support and instead are driven by personal views. There is a scene in the movie Moneyball where all the old baseball scouts are giving their thoughts on which players the team should buy, based only on the scoutsí experience, opinion and personal judgment. They ignore the nerd in the corner who has real data and figures Ö and some insight. They even question if he has to be in the room. In the movie, the data analyst is disparaged, even though he doesnít bring an opinion or intuition to the table. He brings data analysis, and the data donít care how long you have been in the business.

Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis

Too many Compstat meetings are reminiscent of this scene. The centerpiece of many Compstat meetings is a map of crime that many are viewing for the first time. A room full of people wax lyrical on the crime problem based on their intuitive interpretation of a map of crime on the wall, and then they promote solutions for our beleaguered commander, based too often on opinion and personal judgement and too little on knowledge of the supporting evidence of the tacticís effectiveness. Because everyone knows they have to come back in a month the strategies are inevitably short-term in nature and never evaluated. And without being evaluated, they are never discredited, so they become the go-to tactical choice ad infinitum.

So the problems with Compstat are weak analysis, rushed decision-making, and opinion-driven strategies. What might the solutions be?

The U.K.ís National Intelligence Model is a good starting point for consideration. It has a strategic and a tactical cycle. The strategic meeting attendees determine the main strategic aims and goals for the district. At a recent meeting, a senior commander told me ìWe are usually too busy putting out fires to care about who is throwing matches around.î Any process that has some strategic direction to focus the tactical day-to-day management of a district has the capacity to keep at least one eye on the match thrower. A monthly meeting, focused on chronic district problems, can generate two or three strategic priorities.

Time for Concept of Comstat to Change Analysis

A more regular tactical meeting is then tasked with implementing these strategic priorities. This might be a weekly meeting that can both deal with the dramas of the day as well as supervise the implementation of the goals set at the strategic meeting. It is important that the tactical meeting should spend some time on the implementation of the larger strategic goals. In this way, the strategic goals are not subsumed by day-to-day dramas that often comprise the tyranny of the moment. And the tactical meeting shouldnít set strategic goalsóthat is the role of the strategic working group.

Iíve previously written that Compstat has become a game of ìwhack-a-moleî policing with no long-term value. Dots appear, and we move the troops to the dots to try and quell the problem. Next month new dots appear somewhere else, and we do the whole thing all over again. If we donít retain a strategic eye on long-term goals, itís not effective policing. Itís Groundhog Day policing.

The Right to Vote about Women and Gender

The Right to Vote about Women and Gender Please answer the following questions/prompts in an informal, 1-page (maximum) essay. Please use 12-point font, double spacing, and 1-inch margins:

The Right to Vote about Women and Gender
The Right to Vote about Women and Gender

Why did Jane Addams believe that women should have the right to vote?

Were her arguments in favor of women’s voting rights similar to or different from those of other suffragettes?

How did Addams use pre-existing ideas about women and gender to make her case?

Compare and contrast Addams’s appeal for reform with Upton Sinclair’s in The Jungle.

Please conclude your essay with at least one question for discussion. Choose a question that you think will both enlighten and enliven your discussion section.


Grades for this essay will be based on the following criteria:

Does the student answer each of the questions/prompts in a satisfactory and convincing manner?

Does the student include evidence to support his/her interpretations?

Has the student carefully read and thought about the text and its significance?

Has the student considered the broader context of the source(s)?

Has the student clearly communicated his/her ideas?

Anxious Arousal for Public Speaking Essay Paper

Anxious Arousal for Public Speaking Essay Paper Your job will be to evaluate the article according to the tenets of good research. You should address: a) what the author did; b) what s/he found, and c) how well s/he did it. Specifically, you should answer the following questions in your paper:

Anxious Arousal for Public Speaking Essay Paper
Anxious Arousal for Public Speaking Essay Paper
  1. What was the author’s main purpose? Think of the statement of purpose. Did the author do a good job of outlining their statement of purpose or stating the purpose of their research?
  2. Identify the research questions/hypotheses. Were they appropriately stated?
  3. What were the major findings? Were the findings statistically significant? In what way? Think of p-value and sample size.
  4. Were the data gathering and analysis, methods, and techniques used appropriately for the research undertaken?
  5. What were the limitations of the study and the suggestions for future research?

NOTE: Your paper will be evaluated based on your (1) thoroughness, (2) thoughtfulness, (3) persuasiveness, and (4) the quality of your writing (organization, grammar, style, and spelling).