Impact of Public Policy Legislations Against Gender-based Violence

Impact of Public Policy Legislations Against Gender-based Violence

Instructions
Identify one piece of legislation (legislative action) that impacts human services programs. Explain how the legislative action impacts the community, in relation to human services. In the explanation include economic, social, and diversity implications to the community.

Impact of Public Policy Legislations Against Gender-based Violence

Public Policy and Advocacy

Millions of women and girls around the world are victims of abuse and violence on a daily basis. Violence, according to the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (1993), is any act of gender-based violence that causes or threatens to cause physical, sexual, or psychological damage or distress to women, including assaults, harassment, or unlawful deprivation of liberty in public or private life.

In recent years, international laws such as the declaration on the elimination of violence against women as well as public policy legislations have been created mainly due to the concern for women. Public policy is: ‘anything a government decides to do or not do’ (Dye 1972, p.2). In other words a public policy is a system of laws, regulatory measures, courses of action and funding priorities concerning a given topic promulgated by government entity or its representatives.Individuals and groups often attempt to shape public policy through education, advocacy, or mobilization of interest groups. There are many ways that the law can influence how survivors of violence against women are treated and the types of services they receive.

Public policy legislations provide a framework for identifying basic human rights and for defining violations of these rights. The law defines behaviors proscribed by criminal and civil statutes and provides criminal and civil penalties for violations (Mbote 2000, p.14). These laws and the governmental appropriations process control and provide funding for research Promote research, collect data and compile statistics, especially concerning domestic violence, relating to the prevalence of different forms of violence against women and encourage research on the causes, nature, seriousness and consequences of violence against women and on the effectiveness of measures implemented to prevent and redress violence against women (UNHR 1993).

These laws have inevitably brought about positive impacts especially to the society and world at large. They have led to the promotion of gender equality as well as violence-prevention programs in educational institutions, places of work and also homes. They have brought about the establishment of facilities such as shelters for victims of violence which provide service in the most efficient way as well as providing services that are holistic and delivered by a most multi-disciplinary team (NGEC 2017, p.26). These acts have also improved systems for identifying reporting gender-based violence cases in a safe and confidential environment, without unnecessarily burdening the victims (NGEC 2017, p.27).

When it comes to the impact of public policy legislations in the workplace, some good practices have been stated that lead to a positive environment for gender equality to thrive in. These include the recognition that domestic violence is a world of work issue and that workers have the right to support and protection in employment. Moreover, prohibition of discrimination against employees based on their status as a victim of domestic violence. There has been an establishment of security of employment, particularly following paid or unpaid leave (UN women, 2020). 

References

Dye T. R. (1972). Understanding public policy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Mbote P. K. (2000). Violence against women in Kenya. Retrieved from http://www.ielrc.org/content/w0001.pdf

National Gender and Equality Commission, (2017). County government policy on sexual and gender-based violence. Retrieved from https://www.ngeckenya.org/Downloads/NGEC%20Model%20Policy%20on%20GBV%20for%20County%20Govts.pdf

United nations human rights, (1993). Declaration on the elimination of violence against women. Retrieved from https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/violenceagainstwomen.aspx .

 

UN Women, (2020). Legislation and policies on domestic violence and its effects on the world of work. Retrieved from https://www.endvawnow.org/en/articles/1946-legislation-and-policies-on-domestic-violence-and-its-effects-on-the-world-of-work.html

Stress Management for Salespeople

Stress Management for Salespeople

Instructions:

Stress Management for Salespeople

Frank Taylor’s automobile dealership has a number of high-achieving salespeople who could be described as extreme Type A personalities. Unfortunately, several of them are experiencing stress-related physical problems such as hypertension, high cholesterol, and migraine headaches. You have been hired to develop a stress reduction program incorporating both relaxation techniques and physical exercises that can be utilized by individuals and in group sessions several days a week at work. Describe specifics of a program that incorporates techniques of proven efficacy in dealing with extreme Type A personality behaviors.

Stress Management for Salespeople
The description of individuals as extreme type-A personalities follows the theory first coined by Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman, cardiologists who sought to determine the potential causes of coronary heart disease. From their study, the theorists concluded that specific behavioral patterns posed a significant risk for coronary heart disease, which led them to devise a method through which individuals can be categorized as either type A, B, or AB (Petticrew, Lee, & McKee, 2012). They further concluded that individuals with type A personality worry more about personal or professional achievements and success. These individuals tend to be workaholics, who harbor numerous issues with self-esteem, short-temper, impatience, highly competitive, aggressive, and time-conscious. Essentially, the theorists indicated that although individuals under this category are doers, they are more susceptible to anxiety, burnout, frustration, and immeasurable stress due to the high level of involvement applied in their activities (Wilson, 2009). Therefore, since the salespeople have been categorized as extreme type-A personalities, this write-up will outline a stress-reduction program that integrates physical exercise, coping strategies, and relaxation techniques that can be applied throughout the organization.
Stress Management Program
Based on the salespeople’s description and categorization as type A personalities, it is apparent that the individuals are under immense stress that exacerbated to physical problems such as migraine headaches, hypertension, and high cholesterol. Helping these individuals overcome these stress-related problems necessitates implementing a stress reduction program that would safeguard their well-being and guarantee improved performance (Petticrew, Lee, & McKee, 2012). The program will foster reducing the health issues among the salespeople by involving them in health-fitness activities, physical exercise, and relaxation techniques. Most fundamentally, since participating in the program will be voluntary, the inclusion of the employees will involve providing an incentive within the workplace that attracts the employees. This incentive would entail routine check-ups of the employees’ vitals, referral to specialized healthcare professionals, and awards for those who participate in activities to reduce stress levels, including group therapy, coping strategies, and healthy eating habits (Juneja, 2021).
Most fundamentally, the stress-reduction program that should be implemented at Frank Taylor’s dealership entails mandatory counselling and therapy sessions carried out in face-to-face interactions between the salespeople and a psychologist. During these interactions, the salespeople, alongside other employees within the organization, would be required to adhere to strategies applied by the therapist by expressing their concerns or highlighting issues that trigger their stress levels (Juneja, 2021). This way, the salespeople would share their worries and further tone down their aggressiveness and constant job pressures that require them to meet set targets. Subsequently, the salespeople would be required to participate in group therapy sessions at least twice a week. However, if the employees would not be comfortable sharing their concerns with their colleagues, a suggestion box would be strategically placed in a suitable location to write down their issues anonymously. The therapist would work closely with the management at the organization to develop a work schedule that grants the salespeople more flexibility in their roles and responsibilities (APA, 2018). This flexibility would involve manageable targets, working outside the office for at least two days of the week, and commissions earned from each sale made.
As stipulated by Juneja (2021), managing or reducing stress within a workplace setting necessitates applying various strategies across three levels; primary and secondary appraisal and the coping stage. At the primary stage, the strategies are applied to determine the individuals’ perception of a specific threat, while the secondary appraisal level involves understanding their responses. The coping stage focuses on preparing the individuals to apply measures to prevent the threat’s recurrence or transfer its adverse effects beyond specific points in their lives. Specifically, after identifying the stress factors for the salespeople at the organization, the therapist, alongside the relevant stakeholders, would focus on developing strategic approaches that allow the former group to respond adequately. Some of the approaches that should be developed include problem-focused efforts that allow the salespeople to address the threat individually, as a group, or throughout the organization (APA, 2018). For instance, if the threat emanates from pressure mounted by the leaders within the organization, the problem-focused efforts would foster addressing the issue through increased flexibility and manageable sales targets.
Similarly, emotion-focused efforts would reduce the intensity of the stress factors expressed by the salespeople and other employees within the organization. The attainment of this goal would involve counselling that targets the specific stress factor to help the individual or group respond accordingly (Juneja, 2021). By working hand-in-hand with a therapist, the salespeople would be influenced to change their perception of the work environment, their roles and responsibilities, and focus on attaining better health. It would involve addressing the individuals’ emotional, health, and social needs. The American Psychological Association (APA) highlights several strategies for coping with stress at work and managing the relative physical illnesses or issues likely to occur. Among the strategies highlighted include tracking the specific stressors by recording personal thoughts, feelings, and information regarding the environment, including the circumstances and people involved (APA, 2018). These should be coupled with developing healthy responses that allow the employees to fight their stressors and doing their best to make healthy choices when tension rises.
According to the APA (2018), one suitable way of fighting and adequately addressing the stressors entails exercising, meditating, and creating time for hobbies and favorite activities. Besides, getting adequate sleep, building healthy eating habits that include limiting the amount of caffeine consumed, and minimizing stimulating activities would foster effective stress management. Therefore, organizing activities that allow the employees to engage in physical exercise, including establishing a gym at work, would allow the salespeople to manage their stress levels. It would further allow them to take time to replenish their energy levels, return to pre-stress levels of function, and ultimately avoid the adverse effects of burnout and constant pressure (APA, 2018). Similarly, the management team should set aside strategic locations that allow the employees to meditate, practice deep breathing exercises, and learn various relaxing methods while still in the work environment.
Conclusion
Based on the salespeople’s description as extreme type-A personalities, implementing the various strategies proposed under the stress reduction program would play a fundamental role in boosting employee health, ultimately leading to their productivity at work. Since productivity and employee performance rely mainly on the welfare of the employees, the leaders would have an incentive to create a work environment that promotes stress reduction, reduces burnout, and minimizes the pressure on the target that should be met. This way, the employees would become more motivated to attain the organizational goals because they would be more relaxed, stress-free, and collected. These strategies proposed have been proven to effectively manage stress among employees, which would translate to reducing the relative physical issues or illnesses likely to occur.

References
APA. (2018, October 14). Coping with stress at work. American Psychological Association (APA): https://www.apa.org. https://www.apa.org/topics/healthy-workplaces/work-stress
Juneja, P. (2021). Employee stress and performance- Strategies for managing stress at workplace. Management Study Guide – Courses for Students, Professionals & Faculty Members. https://www.managementstudyguide.com/employee-stress-and-performance.htm
Petticrew, M. P., Lee, K., & McKee, M. (2012). Type a behavior pattern and coronary heart disease: Philip Morris’s “Crown jewel.” American Journal of Public Health, 102(11), 2018-2025. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.300816
Wilkie, D. (2020, April 22). What managers can do to ease workplace stress. SHRM. https://www.shrm.org/resourcesandtools/hr-topics/employee-relations/pages/how-managers-can-help-stressed-workers-.aspx
Wilson, S. (2009). Type A and B Personalities. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2009/mar/07/personality-type-a-type-b#:~:text=Type%20A%20and%20type%20B,possible%20causes%20of%20coronary%20disease.&text=They%20concluded%20that%20someone%20with,concerned%20with%20status%20and%20achievement

Stress Management for Salespeople

CONSOLIDATING HEALTH SURVEILLANCE DATA

Consolidating Health Surveillance Data

When developing an IT system for disease surveillance, it is essential to consider the needs of the system, the scale and availability of data, the robustness of the algorithms, and the budget. These considerations are important in determining the system’s architecture, which is a critical component of the system. Subtle differences in architecture design can greatly impact how a surveillance system may be used and how it will perform under different conditions.

To prepare for this Discussion, review your Learning Resources related to the software architecture of surveillance systems. Select a public health organization of interest to you and research the organization’s surveillance activities. Consider the organization’s needs and how its needs align with the system’s software architecture.

By Day 3

Post a brief description of the organization you selected and its surveillance activities. Considering the needs of the organization, recommend whether a single-purpose desktop application with local-level data or a networked application with broad-based information access is best for the organization, and describe what architectural features you would propose. Justify your selections.

Respond to a colleague who selected a different architecture and/or organization than you.

Support your suggestions with additional scholarly resources. Use APA formatting for your Discussion and to cite your resources.

Consolidating Health Surveillance Data

Dr. Aaron Frieden Wald founded the Jewish Community Center in 1854. It is a recreational center, and it is a fraternal and social organization that is meant to serve the Jewish people in most North American cities (Sheskin, Dashefsky, & Markowitz, 2020). The organization has equally promoted culture and a sense of heritage through various activities that it carries during the holidays. JCC is a global umbrella organization for the Jewish people. The primary purpose of the JCC is to empower, strengthen and enhance Jewish life in North America. It describes various services that assist its affiliates in providing social, cultural, and educational programs to people of all ages and the respective backgrounds. JCC offers its services to people’s needs in society and those with special needs like autism disorders and the inability to learn. 

They are basing on the service offered by JCC to its people. It is identical that the organization’s needs stand out to favor the services rendered by the organization. The organization tirelessly works to ensure whoever is under their umbrella has acquired the basic life needed for every human being. There is also data that is usually kept concerning distributing their services, which equally helps in budgeting their services annually.  Grano et al. (2017) Having identified the JCC organization’s need, it is crucial to implement a system that will entail a networked application that will indicate all JCC organization information is crucial in running the administrative services. 

The avoidance of the application’s decay necessitates consideration of the software’s architectural design to ensure an interactive exploration where there must be a graphical display of end-end user application (Perera, Silva, & Perera, 2017). Hence, the architectural design that will contribute to the services’ efficiency should contain a change in simulation that will ensure there are chances of modifying the organization’s services through the application. The design’s database should ensure that there are end-end layers that can enable the application user’s search of services (Martin, 2018). Hence adhering to this, the JCC organization will effectively meet everyone interested in having their services by inoculating the data recorded into the system to provide a way forward to utilize the system to improve their services.               

References

Grano, G., Di Sorbo, A., Mercaldo, F., Visaggio, C. A., Canfora, G., & Panichella, S. (2017, September). Android apps and user feedback: a dataset for software evolution and quality improvement. Proceedings of the 2nd ACM SIGSOFT International Workshop on App Market Analytics (pp. 8-11). https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3121264.3121266

Martin, R. C. (2018). Clean architecture: a craftsman’s guide to software structure and design. Prentice-Hall. https://cds.cern.ch/record/2288410

Perera, P., Silva, R., & Perera, I. (2017, September). Improve software quality through practicing DevOps. In 2017 Seventeenth International Conference on Advances in ICT for Emerging Regions (ICT) (pp. 1-6). IEEE. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8257807/

Sheskin, I. M., Dashefsky, A., & Markowitz, S. (2020). Local Jewish Organizations. In American Jewish Year Book 2019 (pp. 357-418). Springer, Cham. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-40371-3_9

Economic Analysis Essay

Economic Analysis Essay

For this assignment, you will write a 2–3-page paper (double-spaced, 1-inch margins) providing at least 1 example of how government has overstepped biblical principles in some form of economic policy. Be sure to adhere to the format specified in the Course Style Guidelines document. (Turabian/Chicago)

Economic Analysis Essay

Options include the following topics:
• A specific piece of legislation relating to business regulation or taxation.
• The “party platform” of either the Republican Party or the Democratic Party (or both).
• The role of the Federal Reserve.
• The budget process.
Economic Analysis Essay

Health care marketing benefits

Health care marketing benefits
How do health care managers benefit from the study of marketing? Health care marketing benefitsHow would you use marketing in your practice to reach organizational goals? Health care marketing benefits

Risk Management in healthcare

Risk Management in healthcare
Risk Management is an essential component of every healthcare organization. It is another component of the healthcare system that requires collaboration with the Quality Director/Manager in order to facilitate the identification of opportunities for improvement. The key is to proactively identify potential areas of concern (Failure Modes Affect Analysis is a helpful tool) prior to a negative event occurring. rather than waiting for something to occur and having to conduct a Root cause Analysis (RCA)> Risk Management in healthcare
Additionally, It is a very litigious society in which healthcare related errors present a high-risk for exposure. Please develop two situations/incidents in any type of healthcare arena that could potentially result in a litigation. Describe what occurred and how. How would you respond to the patient and/or family members? Is there is any way to mitigate the situation? How or what interventions could you implement to prevent this scenario from reoccurring?
Risk Management in healthcare

Catastrophe Excess Of Loss Event

Catastrophe Excess Of Loss Event

The calculation of catastrophe excess of loss event. The excel sheet attached contain the claim data in each countries to be considered when calculating the premium, catastrophe event and reinsurance fees.
Catastrophe Excess Of Loss Event

Identify the catastrophic event in each countries mentioned and develop reinsurance programme with adequate premium. You can use burning cost analysis or exposure method when distributing the claim. Catastrophe Excess Of Loss Event

Investigation methodology

Investigation methodology
You must write an academic paper that evaluates an investigation methodology.
Your paper must contain the following: Evaluation of the methods digital investigators are required to use when performing cyber forensic investigations

Investigation methodology
Description of the logical progression of an investigation from initiation through to a decision by a court Evaluation of the effectiveness of the procedures and any potential risks.
Investigation methodology

Desmos

In Desmos

In Desmos, use the sliders to change y= square root ofx+k

  1. What did the k value do the graph?
    In Desmos

Environmental scanning, strategy formulation, and strategy implementation in diversified organizations (CLO2)

Environmental scanning, strategy formulation, and strategy implementation in diversified organizations (CLO2)

  1. Describe the different issues related to environmental scanning, strategy formulation, and strategy implementation in diversified organizations (CLO2)
  2. Explain the contribution of functional, business and corporate strategies in the competitive advantage of the organization. (CLO3)
  3. Distinguish between different types and levels of strategy and strategy implementation (CLO4)
  4. Communicate issues, results and recommendations coherently, and effectively regarding appropriate strategies for different situations (CLO6) Environmental scanning, strategy formulation, and strategy implementation in diversified organizations (CLO2)

Assignment Questions (5 Marks)

  1. Describe the roles of directional, marketing, operations and human resource strategies in the overall well-being of your selected company. (2 marks)
  2. Classify the products of your selected company based on the BCG matrix. (1 mark)
  3. Describe at least one partnership that your selected corporation has with other company (es). Is it successful? Justify. (1mark)
  4. Describe the structure of your selected company. (1 mark) Environmental scanning, strategy formulation, and strategy implementation in diversified organizations (CLO2)