Industrialization After the Civil War Thesis and Outline

Industrialization After the Civil War
Industrialization After the Civil War

Industrialization After the Civil War Thesis and Outline

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Industrialization After the Civil War Thesis and Outline

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After the Civil War, the United States became a much more industrialized society. Between 1865 and 1920, industrialization improved American life in many ways. However, industrialization also created problems for American society. Consider events that took place after the Civil War and discuss ways that industrialization affected the U.S. between 1865 and 1920.

For the first part of this assignment you will create a thesis statement. A thesis statement is usually a single sentence somewhere in your first paragraph that presents your main idea to the reader. The body of the essay organizes the material you gather and present in support of your main idea. Keep in mind that a thesis is an interpretation of a question or subject, not the subject itself. (Note: Please consult Stanford University’s Website with tips on how to construct a proper thesis; the website can be found at:
For the next part of this assignment you will create an outline of the main points you want to address in this paper. This outline will serve as the basis for your Assignment 1.2 Final Draft. (Note: Please use the Purdue Owl Website to assist you with this assignment;this website can be accessed at:

Part 1:
1. Write a thesis statement that is one to two (1-2) sentences long in which you:

1.State you opinion on how industrialization after the Civil War influenced U.S. society, economy, and politics. Justify your response.

Part 2:
1.Determine three (3) major aspects of industrialization during 1865 and 1920 that influenced U.S. society, economy, and politics. (Consider issues such as geography, entrepreneurship, legislative representation, etc.)
2.List five (5) specific groups that were affected by industrialization. Provide two (2) examples for each group describing how the group was affected. (Consider issues such as race, ethnicity, gender, child labor, etc.)
3.List five (5) ways that industrialization affected the life of the average working American during this period.
4.Use at least three (3) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not quality as academic resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

•Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
•Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

•Identify and discuss the different ways that the Civil War, Reconstruction, and Industrialization after the Civil War have shaped America’s history.
•Summarize and discuss the ways that formal policies of government have influenced the direction of historical and social development in the United States.
•Recognize the major turning points in American history since the Civil War.
•Use technology and information resources to research issues in contemporary U.S. history.
•Write clearly and concisely about contemporary U.S. history using proper writing mechanics.


Essay Outline

The American civil war had great impact on American history since it resulted to industrialization during 1895-1920. Both negative and positive results was borne from the American industrialization that cut across the political, the social, and economic divide. The three major aspects of industrialization during 1895-1920 that influenced U.S. are social, economic, and political. Economically, the industrialization led to the expansion of business activities and increase in trade. Socially, the lives of workers were greatly affected due to poor working conditions and minimum wages. Politically, industrialization resulted into more political groupings and voting power among the various segments of the population.
The five specific groups that were affected by industrialization are: Farmers (were poor slaves and work on farms in extreme hard conditions, and agriculture changed from agrarian to industrial); women (did not hold jobs, were caretakers, could not vote but afterwards obtained the rights to vote and office jobs); immigrants (associated with lower wages and were and discriminated in the workplace); wealthy (rich keeps becoming richer in expending businesses and getting favors from legislators) and politicians (associated with greed, bribery, favoritism and at the same time passed legislations in favor of women rights, ending slavery and promoting labor rights for workers.)
Five ways that industrialization affected the life of the average working American during this period: Many farmers left agriculture and went for industrialized jobs. Invention of machine in factory industry made less demand of people. Women could find jobs in office setting and have the privilege of voting right. Farmers were extremely poor, worked long hours and underpaid and resulting in death. Freed slaves began to seek education rights and demand for proper working conditions.

Industrialization also resulted to negative consequences such as environmental degradation, social misfits, monopoly of certain businesses, and increased greed of human beings.

Industrialization in America after the Civil War

The American civil war is one of the most significant events in the American history since it gave birth to industrialization. Industrialization after the Civil War had both negative and positive consequences to the American society, economy, and politics. This is because significant development was realized as well as drawbacks in the political, economic, and societal set-up as a result of industrialization. This paper discusses the three major aspects of industrialization, the five groups that were affected by the industrialization, and the ways in which industrialization affected the life of average working Americans during that period.

During the Civil War, the Americans fought against themselves leading to great destruction of property and loss of lives. After the fierce fight, the nation was united and this led to several developments since they learned from their mistakes. The American slaves were set free after the war and the federal government started to facilitate reconstruction of their economy in various sectors. Following the industrialization in America, no stone was left unturned and a lot of changes were hereby made that still affects the living conditions of the present day Americans.

The industrialization in the United States was very pronounced and affected both the political, social and economic aspect of the American citizens (Adams, 2014). Due to increased productivity the Americas economy began to change since people could now complete their jobs in their homes due to high growth in the country’s economy.  The economy also changed through the factory system which allowed a large amount of work to be completed in one location, resulting in employment of several people into the factories. Society also changed through two major transitions during the revolution which entailed Americans stop farming practices and going to get better jobs in the factories. The revolution ended up affecting politics since politicians were now concerned with expanding their business interests instead of dedicating themselves to the needs of the poor people in the country (McCrary, 2014).

Several groups were directly and indirectly affected by the industrialization that took place after the American civil war. Immigrants were highly affected by the industrial revolution in America since they were associated with least wages in addition to being discriminated in the workplace. Women and farmers were all affected by the industrial revolution era in various ways that disrupted their conventional way of doing things (Bead, 2013). It was after the civil war that women had jobs to do; they worked as car takers of different homes to earn a living and to support their families. To some extent, the industrial revolution was beneficial to women since they were able to obtain privileges like having the right to vote and to participate in active politics. Due to the industrial revolution, farmers were highly affected since the Americans stopped being an agricultural land to being an industrial country. Before the industrial revolution, farmers had cheap labor of slaves obtained from Africa, but this stopped following the end of civil war and the beginning of the industrial revolution (Moneyhon, 2002).

The workers formed the center stage of the American industrial revolution and were greatly affected by its effects. Following the industrial revolution, American workers were affected in a way that their wages were reduced, they worked for long hours and their working conditions were very poor. It was very worse to an extend some workers even lived in the same place where they worked despite working in an overcrowded area with poor working conditions. More immigrants who arrived in America sought for education, including the freed slaves from America highly needed education which was positively affected by the industrialization era.  In order to better America, people who arrived in the country also had to get the basic education to learn English which was a great challenge. On the other side, blacks while enslaved and were not taught how to speak English or to interact freely with the rest of the American citizens as democracy would demand. The revolution also had effects on the side of the living conditions where many people had to migrate to live near the factories so that they could be considered for jobs that were available in those factories (McCrary, 2014). Moreover, there was an increase in population near the factories and many houses were built very close to one another leading to the development of slums.

Steel became an important component of the industrial revolution since it was a major material that was used by the industrialists to make their new inventions and to reinforce their machinery. In addition, steel was a very important metal during this era since it was easier to make, easier to mine, and lighter than iron (Beard, 2013). For transportation purposes, the metal formed an important component for rail transport system since it was used to construct the railroads and the component of the train body and engine. The railway lines formed important routes, apart from roads and seaways, for transporting raw materials from the mining areas to their destinations. The railway lines mostly relied on the gravity and horse since the engine system was not well developed to support the movement of very heavy loads. The railway lines worked on the principle of reducing friction to the lowest minimum so that one horse can pull several tons of loads with ease. The railroads also facilitated the free movement of people and goods from one place to another leading to improved trade. The living standards of people changed drastically since the industrial revolution enabled people to receive quality goods and services due to technological advancements (Moneyhon, 2002).

The industrial revolution is also characterized by the production of petroleum through coal mining. Coal became an important component of the industrial revolution since it was able to burn and produces more energy than wood and this provided enough energy to run the steam engines. Coal provided enough energy needed by the people to move their heavy goods by train, road, and sea transport. Coal mining became a booming business during the industrial revolution era due to its high demand to further industrial pursuits in all parts of the world. Before coal mining, the United States was an industrial laggard but this changed after coal mining since the United States quickly overtook countries such as Germany, Great Britain, and France (Moneyhon, 2002).

Industrial revolution also enabled most persons to enjoy the power of electricity in their homes and at their industries. This ultimately led to the discovery of the incandescent lights that enabled the Americans to extend some of their activities at night. The middle class was greatly affected by the discovery of electricity since they were able to receive the motion pictures. In addition, it affected the telecommunication industry and the telephone conversations since people in distant places could easily be reached by information. Industrial revolution also spurred more innovation, leading to the discovery of the bell. In terms of construction, new architectural designs were formulated, leading to construction of strong and reliable bridges and road designs (McCrary, 2014). Due to increased innovation, new food conservation methods were devised that reduce the level of agricultural wastage. Moreover, industrial revolution resulted in the creation of more business opportunities leading to the expansion of financial institutions. The women were thus able to get jobs and salaries that they use to sustain their families. Industrial revolution also resulted in the importance of politics in the United States since people started to appreciate the importance of bargaining power. The political developments led to advocacy for slavery rights, the rights of women, and the labor rights for thousands of workers.

Despite the positive developments, industrial revolution also led to several negative consequences both to the people and to the environment. Increased mining of fossil fuels and mineral elements that supported various processes of industrial revolution resulted in environmental degradation. Social misfits such as child labor laws, reduced salaries and wages, and monopoly resulted from the industrial greed of human beings (McCrary, 2014).

To conclude, living conditions were not that comfortable due to the high number of people migrating to live in cities. The way of life, government, and everything were affected by the revolution which had both the positive and negative impacts, hence molding America to be a first world country to date. This in turn led to political divisions that were used by political leaders to pursue their own selfish course. It is thus true that the industrial revolution in America after the civil war had both negative and positive impacts and it affected various groups of people and various sectors of the economy.


Adams, M.C. (2014). Living Hell: The Dark Side of the Civil War. Prentice Hall

Beard, C.A.  (2013). History of the United States. Create Space Independent Publishing Platform.

McCrary, F. (2014). American History: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly. Oxford University Press.

Moneyhon, C. (2002). The Impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press.

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