## Geo problems Research Paper Assignment

Geo problems

Using the video and graph above, answer the following questions in complete sentences:

Do the observed levels of atmospheric CO2 since 1979 fall within the “normal” range of CO2 levels from the past 800,000 years? Explain. (1-2 sentences)
If someone claimed that all of the climate changes we have observed in the last few decades are simply the beginning stage of another naturally occurring ice age, how could you use the data from this question and the previous question to refute their claim? You must cite actual numbers from the data here to support your response. (2-4 sentences).

2nd
In this lab, you found that Buffalo had a fairly large temperature anomaly for December 2016. In the map of global anomalies, you found that other places experienced even larger temperature anomalies (much cooler or much warmer than normal). Answer the following questions in the space below:

If a person doesn’t know the difference between weather and climate, and lives in an area that experienced below average temperatures 2016, would they likely be more or less concerned about climate change (hint: refer back to Question 1 of Comprehension) (1 sentence)?
If a person lives in an area that experienced above average temperatures, would they likely be more or less concerned about climate change (1 sentence)?
Why would their thinking process be incorrect in both situations (1-3 sentences).

3rd
Using your own words, summarize the evidence from this lab that supports the idea that the Earth is warming. Specifically:

Explain the difference between weather and climate, and how measurements of weather can lead to inferences about climate change (2-4 sentences).
Explain what an anomaly is (in your own words!!), and how it relates to weather and climate (2-4 sentences).

Further, address how spatial and temporal (time) variability in temperature anomalies can occur even while the general trend of globalwarming is occurring (2-4 sentences). In other words, why doesn’t the occurrence of temporal and spatial temperature variability disprove the idea of global warming?

You must give examples of specific numbers from the lab to support your answers.
This must be a well-composed response,
with complete sentences, correct grammar, and
connected flow of thoughts.

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## Geology Discussion Assignment Paper

Geology

For the discussion post find a current geologic event that may have happened this week or the last week, that is directly related to the topic of the week, summarize the article stating clearly why it is relevant. You can find a lot of articles on the Internet through credible sources (news websites, documentaries on YouTube, etc.). Read/watch through the article/documentary and summarize it in your own words.

Your original post (of up to 250 words) and at least two comments (100 words or more) are graded as follows:

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## Economic Geography Essay Assignment

### Economic Geography

Develop an analytical economic geography. You will use a variety of sources and additional sources that you will identify on your own. The paper will include a thesis statement that explains why particular industries are important in the assigned country and at the end, a bibliography that includes all sources used. Thesis should be in intro paragraph. Country is German

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## Geography World Powers Essay Paper

Geography World Powers

Since World War II, the United States has often been placed No. 1 in world rankings of various kinds. With the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States was often referred to as the sole remaining superpower. As the twenty-first century proceeds, however, the position of the United States at the top of the rankings is being questioned.

What considerations, measures, and weightings do you think should be used in devising such rankings?

Use your method to devise two rankings of the top three political states for:

1) a century of your choice before the twentieth century (1800’s or before)

2) the likely ranking by the end of the twenty-first century (2000’s)

(1) The first paragraph should be an introduction with a thesis statement that directly answers the question.

(2) The middle paragraphs should make up the body. Each paragraph should have a topic sentence and at least five detail sentences. Include interesting and informative supporting facts and examples in your own words to demonstrate a full understanding of the topic and support your thesis. Include documented personal experience from a primary source.

(3) The final paragraph should summarize your research and applications as they relate to your thesis in your conclusion.

Use APA formatting in 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, double-spaced
Include parenthetical in-text citations
At least one of your sources must be a primary source
Be formal in tone. Do not use personal pronouns (I, me, you, etc.) or contractions
Include your name at the top page of your document or create an APA title page

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## Geology discussion Research Assignment

Geology discussion

• Briefly describe a natural disaster that you have heard about, such as an earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruption, flood, or hurricane. Was it a first-hand experience for you?
• What were geological factors in the natural disaster?
• When and where did it happen?
• How did it impact people in that area?
• How could information about the geology of the area have helped to minimize damage from the natural disaster?

Use at least three (3) quality references Note: Wikipedia and other related websites do not qualify as academic resources.

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## Systems of Measurement Units Assignment

Systems of Measurement Units Assignment This assignment is to get familiar or refresh your knowledge about systems of measurement units. Reading, watching the video then answering assignment questions.

Total 3 pts.

# Systems of Measurement Units Assignment Instructions

1 Reading the definitions of units at https://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Units/current.html can you guess which one is determined by a particular physical object? Explain reasoning for your guess.

(In case the nist.gov site is unavailable please use: https://www.mathsisfun.com/measure/index.html and read about metric and standard systems)

2 Then watch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMByI4s-D-Y find which unit out the seven base units is in fact determined by a single object in the universe? Did you make a good guess?

3 Discuss why in the video for the round object they picked a sphere and not some other shape, any practical reasons?

4 Watch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXiyqWnixqo and then https://www.

youtube.com/watch?v=SsULOvIWSUo .Give examples from the videos for practical reasons to have an accurate measure of time over the centuries.

## Earth Science: Sphere Interaction Assignment

### Earth Science: Sphere Interaction

Earth Science: Sphere Interaction

Earth Science

1) Describe the four main spheres of Earth: Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Atmosphere, and Biosphere (50 words each)

2) Provide an example of at least one interaction for each pair of spheres.

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Use at least three (3) quality references Note: Wikipedia and other related websites do not qualify as academic resources.

• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

## Volcanic eruptions Research Assignment

Volcanic eruptions

Volcanic eruptions are a source of minerals, gases and aerosols in both the ocean and atmosphere. We will discuss volcanoes by finding and posting two examples of erupting volcanoes that are clearly affecting the ocean or atmosphere.

First, everyone should view this video of an underwater volcano:

Find two good pictures and/or videos of erupting volcanoes.
Possible search terms are: ash plume, eruption column, fissure eruption, nuee
ardente, pyroclastic flow, submarine volcano, subsea volcano, underwater  volcano, undersea volcano, volcanic eruption, volcanic vent.

• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

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## Galaxies and stars Research Paper available

### Galaxies and stars

Galaxies and stars

PART A

Type in the definitions for the following terms:

Special relativity –

General relativity –

Length contraction –

Time dilation –

Gravitational force –

Space time –

Milky way –

Milky way galaxy –

Population I star –

Population II star –

Supernova –

Nova –

Elliptical galaxy –

Spiral galaxy –

Turnoff point –

Cosmic horizon –

Visible universe –

Questions:

20.Which of Einstein’s theories came first?Special or General?

21.What makes special relativity ‘special’?

22. How does Einstein describe gravitational force?

23.Which stars age faster?High mass or low mass?

24.Who were the TWO key astronomers responsible for determining the age of the universe?

25.What do astronomers hypothesize is at the center of most galaxies?

26.What is expanding when astronomers say the universe is expanding?

27.If nearly every galaxy is moving away from us, does that mean that we are at the center of the universe?(either yes or no is correct as long as you defend your answer)

28.Until recently (the 20th century) astronomers envisioned a static universe with only the milky way and a few companions.

True or False?

29.What paradox describes this statement: If the universe is static, extends forever, and has existed forever, then no matter where you look, you should see a star, and the sky should be as bright as day.But it is not.

30.Even if the universe does extend forever in every direction, why would we only see a finite universe?

b.the age of the universe would limit the amount of time light has had to reach us
c.If it was infinite, we wouldn’t see anything at all because everything would be so far apart

31. Since we can only see so far in the universe, there is no way to even make an educated guess that there are galaxies beyond what we can see.

True or False?

32.Who were the key players in discovering that the universe was dynamic, not static?

a.Einstein and eddington

b.Einstein and slipher

c.slipher and hubble

d.eddington and hubble

33.Who discovered that most of the galaxies were moving away from us?

a.einstein

b. hubblec.slipher

34.Who calculated the distances and rates of expansion of the universe?

a.Einstein

b.hubble

c.slipher

35.Galaxies farther from us move away from us ________________ than(as) galaxies closer to us.

a.faster

b.slower

c. at the same rate

Complete the worksheet:

1. In the early universe, are all the galaxies the same distance from each other?

2.Describe how the universe changed from Early to some time later.

Do the galaxies appear to get bigger?

Based on your previous answer, do you think the stars within a galaxies move away from one another due to the expansion of the universe? Explain.

Compare the amount that the distance between the D and C galaxies changed in comparison to the amount that the distance between D and E changed.Which appears to have moved farther from D?(Note that all galaxies move in the same amount of time, so the ones who have moved the most would have been going faster)

If you were in the D galaxy, how would the A, B, C, and E galaxies appear to move relative to your location? Do they all move by the same amount?

You are still on galaxy D.Rank A, B, C, and E in terms of their relative speeds away from you, from fastest to slowest.

7.Now you are on E. Rank the A, B, C, D, galaxies in terms of their relative speeds away from you from greatest to smallest.

What is the relationship between an object’s distance away from you in the universe and the speed they are moving away from you.

Would this relationship seem to be the same regardless of what galaxy you are

on?

Consider the following discussion between two students regarding the possible location of the center of the universe…

A.Since all galaxies we observe are moving away from us, we must be at the center of the universe.

B.If you look at the drawing it is pretty clear that all the galaxies move away from each other, so each galaxy is at the center of the universe.

Do you agree or disagree with either or both of the students?Explain.

PART B

#38

We are in the _________________________ of the neighborhood that is the Milky Way galaxy.
Most spiral galaxies have ________________________ of stars across their centers.
The odds are BAD GOOD that the stars in colliding galaxies won’t collide.
The Milky Way is currently eating some smaller galaxies. TRUE FALSE

#39

We live in the Milky Way, a galaxy with large ________________________________ arms.
To create the amount of energy that was discovered to be coming out of active galaxies you need an object with A LOT of gravity: a ______________________________________.
The Milky Way has a supermassive black hole at its center. TRUE FALSE
The cluster of galaxies around us is referred to as the __________________________________________.

#42

Vesto Slipher, in 1917, was the first to totally observe the _____________________________ of the spectra of spiral nebulae.
Observations show that the farther away a galaxy is, the FASTER / SLOWER it is moving.
The farther away something is, the farther in the past we see it. This is called the _______________________.

#43

The infinitely dense point that all matter in the universe was squeezed into 13.82 billion years ago is referred to as ____________________________________________________.
____________% of the universe is made up of things we can’t see.
The speed of light is the fastest anything in the universe can go if it is travelling through space. __________________________ can break that speed limit. Things that are moving with space can also travel faster than the speed of light.
The observable universe is expanding, but we see MORE LESS of it every day.

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## Geography, World Powers Essay Assignment

Geography, World Powers

Since World War II, the United States has often been placed No. 1 in world rankings of various kinds. With the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States was often referred to as the sole remaining superpower. As the twenty-first century proceeds, however, the position of the United States at the top of the rankings is being questioned.

What considerations, measures, and weightings do you think should be used in devising such rankings?

Use your method to devise two rankings of the top three political states for:

1) a century of your choice before the twentieth century (1800’s or before)

2) the likely ranking by the end of the twenty-first century (2000’s)

(1) The first paragraph should be an introduction with a thesis statement that directly answers the question.

(2) The middle paragraphs should make up the body. Each paragraph should have a topic sentence and at least five detail sentences. Include interesting and informative supporting facts and examples in your own words to demonstrate a full understanding of the topic and support your thesis. Include documented personal experience from a primary source.

(3) The final paragraph should summarize your research and applications as they relate to your thesis in your conclusion.