Crime and punishment in modern societies

Crime and punishment in modern societies
Crime and punishment in modern societies

Crime and punishment in modern societies

Students are required to complete two essays of 1,250 words each. You must submit an electronic file containing both pieces of work to turnitin by the hand in date of Friday 5th April 2019.

Choose two from the following:
How have Marxist ideas been applied to understandings of crime and punishment?

What are the main differences between cultural understandings of crime earlier in the twentieth century and ‘cultural criminology’ today?

What are the policy implications of labelling theory?

What are the main criticisms of control theories of crime?

What is the difference between right realist and left realist criminology?

Does the modern prison work?

How have the aims and the governance of the probation service changed since its introduction at the beginning of the twentieth century?

What are the main shortcomings in modern rehabilitative approaches to punishment?

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Compare Theories Utilized in Forensic Treatment

Compare Theories Utilized in Forensic Treatment
Compare Theories Utilized in Forensic Treatment

Compare Theories Utilized in Forensic Treatment

Warm-Up Activity 1.1: Mental Health Treatment and Assessment in Prison

To begin this activity, view this video to give you an overall understanding of the challenges faced with providing mental health treatment and assessment in forensic settings. This video, at the Wabash Valley Correctional Facility in Indiana, provides you with a framework for forensic mental health work.

Inside Wabash. (2008). Lock-up: Inside America’s Prisons New York, N.Y.: Films Media Group.


So far, you have learned about the general intersection between mental health and the justice system as well as the broad array of treatment and assessment needs in forensic settings. As you have read about these needs, you have also learned about theoretical frameworks utilized to shape treatment in these settings.

For this assignment, develop a table in which you evaluate the utility of the following theories in the forensic setting:

RNR theory


Strength-based treatment theory

Here is an example of how you may wish to set up your table:

Theory Description Applicability Pros Cons

Your table should include the following information:

Discussion of the basic tenets of the theory and its applicability to the forensic setting. Discuss pros and cons of each

Conclude with a one-page summary of the population you plan to investigate for your Signature Assignment, and then indicate which of these theories might assist you in better understanding that population’s needs.

For example, you may wish to look at:

Sex Offenders, Offenders with Psychopathy, Women Offenders, Juvenile Offenders, Offenders with Substance Use Issues, Seriously Mentally Ill Offenders, Offenders with Competency Issues, Offenders with an Intellectual Disability, Young Offenders in Adult Prisons, Offenders who are regularly in Crisis.

Support your analysis with at least two references from peer-reviewed journal articles.

Length: 1-2 page table; plus one-page summary

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Social criminological theories Assignment

Social criminological theories
Social criminological theories

Social criminological theories

explain the link between crime patterns, trends, and theory. You will focus on social criminological theories and their relation to crime rates.

Select two theories (labeling theory and social conflict theory), and include responses to the following points in your scholarly activity:

Explain the theories (one to two paragraphs for each theory). In your explanation, include how these would either raise or lower the crime rate and your rationale as to why.

Explain how peer groups, families, and social organizations positively or negatively affect your theory.

Explain your thoughts on the theories as far as their applicability to explain crime. Do you think these are relevant? Why, or why not? Is there anything missing that would make them explain crime better?

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What Constitutes the Crime of Stalking

What Constitutes the Crime of Stalking
What Constitutes the Crime of Stalking

What Constitutes the Crime of Stalking

Read What Constitutes the Crime of Stalking?, and write a case study that addresses the questions below.

Provide a brief overview of the handout.

  • What are the elements of the crime of stalking under the statute discussed in this case?
  • Do you agree with the court of appeals that the statute is not unconstitutionally vague?
  • Is the evidence in this case sufficient to support a stalking conviction?

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

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Deviance and Crime/ Class Stratification

Deviance and Crime/ Class Stratification
Deviance and Crime/ Class Stratification

Deviance and Crime/ Class Stratification

  1. Answer two critical thinking questions from below. Each question must be from a different module. Each response should be two pages, so four pages total. If it is a little longer, that is fine. Be sure to apply terms/concept(s) from the readings, and/or the slide presentations. Use at least two direct quotes with citations (ASA style) per response to support your points. You may also relate the topics to your personal lives, current events, and/or slide presentations. Write one response, then the next, then include your reference page. It is all one paper, but the discussions are separate. No late work is accepted. You must upload the entire paper as ONE attachment file under ASSIGNMENTS in the online classroom. The attachment must be Microsoft Word, Microsoft Works, PDF, or Word Pad (RTF) format. I cannot open Mac files (Pages), so you will have to convert it. Turnitin will check for plagiarism, so DO NOT COPY FROM THE INTERNET OR OTHER SOURCES!
  2. Papers must be typed. Use a standard 12 size font in either: Tahoma, Times New Roman, Courier New, Calibri, or Arial. The paper must be double spaced with one-inch margins.
  3. Put your heading (name and such) in the header of the paper ñ you do not need a cover page. Put page numbers at the footer of the paper. Before each response, write the Module section and number of the prompt you are answering.
  4. Be sure to reference the author you directly quoted, even if it is from the textbook or slides. You should have a page at the very end called References. You only need one reference page. Wikipedia and are not academic sources – you do not need to use them. The only sources you need for this assignment are your class notes, slides, and/or textbook. Follow the American Sociological Association format for in-text citations and the reference page. You can do an Internet search for ASA style guide. You only need to use ASA style for quotes, citations, and the reference page.
  5. When writing formally, avoid using contractions (can’t, don’t, won’t). Use the full versions (can not, do not, will not). Do not use slang such as cool. Spell out smaller numbers (twenty instead of 20). Do not end sentences in prepositions (with, for, by, along, in, out).
  6. Make sure you break your work up into paragraphs. Do not submit one long paragraph for each response.

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Public perception of crime Essay Assignment

Public perception of crime
Public perception of crime

Public perception of crime and in influencing national crime prevention policies.

  1. List and describe several factors that are most important in shaping the public’s perception of crime and in influencing national crime prevention policies.

Length: 1500 words (5-6 pages — not including reference page)

Font Size: 12

Spacing: Double-spaced

Margins: One-inch margins on all sides

The purpose of the assignment is to illustrate a solid knowledge base and understanding of a Canadian criminological issue by writing a formal academic paper. This assignment will enable you to practice your writing skills and there will be some in-class guidance on how to make your paper organizationally and structurally sound. Beyond the classroom handout on writing tips, it is up to you to follow proper APA format, as was mentioned by the librarian during the library orientation. Be sure to follow proper citing and referencing. Citation sources can be obtained on the library website.

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Criminal law trial decision Research Assignment

Criminal law trial decision
Criminal law trial decision

Criminal law trial decision

Using CanLII, Quicklaw or Westlaw find a criminal law trial decision (note: not sentencing/plea/motion etc) from the Ontario Court of Justice. The decision should be no more than three years old. The decision should be at least 10 pages long when printed out. Ideally, you should choose a case that is very heavy on FACTS (i.e. lots of witnesses, documents, and other evidence).

Try not to choose a case based entirely around legal arguments. A case about Charter issues, for instance is not a good choice for this assignment.

You must choose to be either Crown or defence for the case.

You also must sign up for the date on which you will present. Your written portion will be due when you present. The sign up link will be posted on Blackboard at approximately 8 pm on Wednesday, March 13th.


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Traditional criminological topics Essay Paper

Traditional criminological topics
Traditional criminological topics

Traditional criminological topics

Part one : Weekly Discussion
The topic for this week strays from traditional criminological topics, as environmental harms – particularly those from natural disasters – are not actually a crime. However, these individuals faced with a natural or environmental disaster are still victims in the sense of the effects caused. As discussed in lecture, environmental harms cross the line into criminal victimization when there is a lack of action or response, an omission of a response, lack of prevention, or an inappropriate response by the local/state/national governing bodies (i.e., the “state”), which exacerbates these harms. With this in mind, environmental harms is quite a relevant victimological topic, as people are harmed at two levels, first by the environment, and second by the state. Please review all course materials for this week and respond to the following questions:

1. Give an example (one not discussed in lecture) of an environmental harm that was exacerbated by state in some form (e.g., lack of prevention policy, lack of response, delayed response, etc.). Describe briefly what occurred and how the damages were exacerbated by the state.

2. What are the effects of environmental victimization? Describe three health, social, cultural, emotional, or financial effects. How might these harms be exacerbated when met with a lack of response?

3. There are several examples of environmental harms and crimes provided in the course materials this week. Something that they all seem to have in common is that racial/ethnic minorities and low-income people seem to suffer the most from these harms. This has been termed Environmental Racism. Do you agree with the application of this term to these situations? Explain.

4. In your opinion, who is responsible for these harms? Give specific examples to support your argument. What can we, as a society, do to alleviate these harms?

I will attach two student response where u must reply reapectly and seperatly

Student one : edgar
An example of an environmental harm that was further exasperated by the government was the recent Camp Fire that burned the town of Paradise, California late last year. A lack of prevention policy is what led to the fire spreading as quickly as it did and causing $16.5 billion in damage and a death toll of 85 civilians. Former California Governor Jerry Brown’s decision to veto a bill that would have cleared brush and tinder in potential fire hazard areas along with his lack of oversight in public utilities company PG&E to create a fire map are what ultimately led to the destruction caused by the 2018 camp fire. Much damage and loss of life could have been prevented if proper and timely prevention policy had been implemented. “Early reports suggest the failure of Gov. Jerry Brown and his appointees to adequately regulate our public utilities to prevent such fires also fueled the fast-moving flames” (Court, 2018).

There exists a potential for financial effects due to environmental victimization. One effect is that people may not have enough money to pay for the logistical expenses accrued in evacuating to a safe location. A second effect is the financial loss incurred from the actual environmental disaster itself such as loss of property. Finally, A third financial is the cost of reconstruction and recovering after an environmental disaster has taken place. “It’s just the money. I don’t have the money like everyone else to get out before the storm. It’s expensive to get a hotel room especially when you don’t know how long you’ll be there” (Faust & Kauzlarich, 94).

I agree with the concept of environmental racism as shown on The Daily Show clip that was part of this week’s module. It was not okay for the fracking company to operate next to the school which had a majority of Caucasian students but there was no opposition to having the company move their fracking site next to Bella Romero which had a predominantly Hispanic population of students. It is clear by this example that environmental racism can occur.

In my opinion, the state is at fault for harm if there exists a failure on its part to do everything possible to protect its people and mitigate harm as much as possible. The example given in the reading regarding hurricane Katrina and the government’s failure to act knowing that the levees had a high probability of failure is a perfect example of why the state is to blame. “While crimes are usually thought of as harmful acts, they can also be conceptualized as harmful failures to act. Kauzlarich et al. (2003) identify these failures as crimes of omission which occur when the state disregards unsafe and dangerous conditions when it has a clear mandate and responsibility to make a situation or context safe.’” (Faust & Kauzlarich, 87).

Student two : shana
1. I may be completely off base here, and if I am, I’m sorry but the environmental harm I chose to discuss is the Flint water crisis. In April of 2014 the city changes its routing of water to save a couple of bucks, instead of bringing in water from Detroit they opt to take water from the Michigan River. This move was supposedly for a little bit, until they can find a “regional water system.” Immediately reports of foul odor, and hair loss come in. In September the following year, 2015, there begins to be a call to stop using the water because there’s lead in it. This is led by a group of doctors who have tested the water. January of 2016 they declare a state of emergency, and now they have lost lives because of the non action. The flint crisis is a disaster and I cannot do it justice by simply going through a timeline, but basically it didn’t get fixed for more than 4 years. And the residents are still hesitant about the water coming through the lead pipes, so to even say this is fixed is also not necessarily correct. Which is insane.The government failed on multiple levels here. The failed to alert the public regarding the possible lead contamination. They failed to ask for help quickly, as soon as they declared a state of emergency the national guard came with water bottles and water filters. While this wasn’t a permanent solution it was the help the town needed. When Detroit offered to reconnect their water system, and flint was like no thank you, THEY WERE COMPLETELY IGNORING THE COMPLAINTS from their residents.

2. Health wise, the lead contamination was said to be able to poison the brain of children. I read a report that said that lead to a child’s brain is detrimental. Its one of the worst things you can supply a child with. As well as the presence of Legionnaires’ disease. This disease was present in the water due to a bacteria that was present in the water they were being supplied with. The city was basically poisoning its residents. I can’t even imagine the emotional harm that comes from going through something like this. You are taught since you are small that city officials, government officials are doing important jobs that are improving the city. Can you imagine only to learn you and your family are being poisoned because the City you trusted and pay taxes to wanted to save a couple of dollars?! I would be pissed off and that’s putting it nicely 🙂

3. Environmental Racism in my opinion is crystal clear in this situation. Had this happened in any of the top 10 richest cities in America, you can bet there would be a public outcry, absolute mayhem. But because they chose an urban city with residents that weren’t necessarily respected or taken seriously.If the city officials did respect their residents they would’ve called to action the water crisis the same year that the residents were complaining.

4. In my opinion these harms fall at the feet of the city officials. It is there job to alleviate the harms, the community in this regard did everything they could. They complained since day 1, they would go and protest for clean water. How much more could they have done as a society when it falls on deaf ears? It was in the best interest of the city to respond the first day they received complaints

Part two : Reading Check – I will attach the reading.

Write a one-page, single spaced (12 pt. font, 1-inch margins, no additional space for heading) summary and reflection of both readings for this week.

This reading write up should be part summary, but primarily reflection of the content of the readings. Include content such as:

1. What did you learn from the readings?

2. What is your reaction to the readings? Did this content surprise you?

3. How can the knowledge gained from this reading be used in your personal and/or professional life?

4. Do you see any issues presented in these readings? If so, what and why?

5. Any other response or reflection of the reading applied to course content.

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Deviance and Corporate or Occupational Crime

Deviance and Corporate or Occupational Crime Written Activity: Deviance and Crime

Deviance and Corporate Crime  Instructions

Deviance and Corporate or Occupational Crime
Deviance and Corporate or Occupational Crime

Conduct an Internet search on corporate crime and occupational crime

Find a current article on either type of crime (Can be informational or regarding a committed occupational/corporate crime)

Provide a summary of the article

Differentiate between occupational and corporate crime, and discuss their relative impact on society.

Deviance and Corporate or Occupational Crime Requirements

  1. A minimum of 2 full pages of content (not including any title page or citation page)
  2. APA format
  3. Must include a citation of your article at the end of your paper
  4. Example: Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Retrieved from URL.
  5. 12 point font double spaced

Sexual Harassment Crime and Punishment

Sexual Harassment Crime and Punishment What is sexual harassment?

Why does this happen?

Sexual Harassment Crime and Punishment
Sexual Harassment Crime and Punishment

Can this ever end?

Should the punishment for such crime change to something severe? When most people think of workplace harassment, they automatically think of sexual harassment. While sexual harassment is one very serious type of workplace harassment, the term covers a variety of negative actions committed against one employee by another, or by the manager or owner of the company. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission defines workplace harassment as “unwelcome conduct that is based on race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information.