Statistics Annotated Bibliography Showing Sources

Statistics Annotated Bibliography Showing Sources It’s a Statistics report correlating an increase of physicians recommending exercise with an increase in gym memberships.

Statistics Annotated Bibliography Showing Sources
Statistics Annotated Bibliography Showing Sources

Graphs need to be presented, including the figures such as Standard Deviation, Mean all of that. A typical Statistics project. The interviews will be used to teach the following concepts and topics: why people migrated out of, within, and into the South; farming (especially sharecropping) in the South during the period 1920s-1940s; the role of race and class in migration; and the impact of economic development efforts on the local economy. Preston Mosley was born in Townsville, a small rural community north of Henderson (Vance Co.), NC.

Rhetorical Context and Response Annotation Worksheet

Rhetorical Context and Response Annotation Worksheet Article:

Author:

Rhetorical Context and Response Annotation Worksheet
Rhetorical Context and Response Annotation Worksheet

Rhetorical Context: Who wrote it or created? Why was it written? What is it trying to do to or for its readers? What is it? Where does it appear? When was it published?

Annotations: 1. please provide the definitions of two words from each paragraph. 2. Write the main idea of each paragraph in your own words.

Summary: What does the text say? What are its main points? What is the overall argument?

Evaluation: What can I do with this text? How will I use it to help write my paper? Does it answer one of my assignment questions? How does it provide an example of the rhetorical mode we are working on?

Library Sources Annotated Bibliography

Library Sources Annotated Bibliography
Library Sources Annotated Bibliography

Library Sources Annotated Bibliography

To prepare for this week’s assignment, consider the feedback your instructor gave you on your Week 1 research question and make necessary revisions. To learn how to view the comments on your papers watch the Waypoint: Accessing Assignment Feedback video.

This week, you will continue working on your annotated bibliography. If needed review the Week 3 Annotated Bibliography Example handout:

  • Develop search terms based on your research question.
  • Find two scholarly journal articles and one e-book with the help of Ashford Library Chat.
  • Construct APA Style references for these sources.
  • Write annotations for these sources.
  • Copy and paste the chat transcript to the end of the document.

Develop Search Terms

To start this assignment, complete the Generating Search Terms worksheet. The Generating Search Terms worksheet will help you select the major concepts in your revised research question. Note: You will not submit this worksheet, but will need it for Step 2.

Find Two Scholarly Journal Articles and One E-Book

Now you are ready to search for scholarly journal articles and one e-book. Review the steps for using FindIt@AU by completing the GEN 103: Introduction to the Ashford University Library tutorial.

Consult with Ashford Library Chat to find relevant search results. You will select the first scholarly journal article from these results.

Bring your revised research question and two to five search terms to the chat session.

Before you close the chat session, click on the envelope icon to email yourself a transcript of the chat. You will include the chat transcript as part of the assignment.

Download and save the full text article so you can review it later.

Use FindIt@AU and the skills you learned in chat to locate your second scholarly journal article.

Download and save the full text article so you can review it later.

Use your search terms and the Ashford University Library EBook Central database to find one e-book that relates to your research question. Watch the
Ebook Central Overview and Searching video for help with using this database.

For each source, make note of the information you need to construct references and locate each source again.

Construct APA References for These Sources

Remembering what you learned about how to format references in the APA Skill Activity, construct APA references for your sources. Write those references in the Library Sources Annotated Bibliography template. Check your reference format using the Ashford Writing Center’s Formatting Your References List to ensure they are correct.

Write Annotations for These Sources

Now, you will write annotations for the two scholarly articles and one e-book. Write the annotations in your own words on the Library Sources Annotated Bibliography template. The annotations must be two paragraphs long and must address the points below. Provide brief descriptions or explanations to support your answers:

Paragraph 1: Summarize

  • What kind of source is this?
  • What is the thesis or main claim of the source?
  • What evidence or claims does the source present in support of the thesis? Present at least two examples of support the source uses.
  • What other important claims does the source make?

Paragraph 2: Evaluate

How adequately does the source support its thesis?
How current is the information in the source relative to your research question?
How credible and authoritative is the source for your research question?
What limitations, if any, did you note in the source?
How does the source help answer your research question?
Copy and Paste the Chat Transcript to the End of the Document

To make sure your submission is as strong as it can be it is recommended you:

Use Grammarly to assist you in locating and correcting grammar and punctuation errors.
Submit your bibliography to Turnitin to make sure you did not accidently copy another’s work.
You may review the resource Understanding Turnitin for more information.
Submit your work to the Ashford Writing Center for feedback. The Ashford Writing Center staff can help you identify formatting, grammar, and other common writing issues in your work and give you ideas for ways to fix them. The Ashford Writing Center staff is available by email or by chat.
The Library Sources Annotated Bibliography

Must be double-spaced, include a title page, and be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. It should not include a References page.

Must use the Library Sources Annotated Bibliography template provided in the assignment instructions.
Must use two scholarly journal articles and one e-book.

The Source Types handout offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.

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Unit 4 Assignment Annotated Bibliography

Unit 4 Assignment Annotated Bibliography The fourth unit’s assignment calls for you to prepare an annotated bibliography based on the subject of your research paper.

Unit 4 Assignment Annotated Bibliography
Unit 4 Assignment Annotated Bibliography

A bibliography is a list of sources (including books, journal articles, and websites) one has used to research a topic.

Unit 4 Assignment Annotated Bibliography

Bibliographies are sometimes called “References” or “Works Cited,” depending on the style format you are using. A bibliography typically includes only bibliographic information (author, title, publisher, etc.). An annotation is a summary

or evaluation. An annotated bibliography is a bibliography that has been supplemented to include a brief summary and evaluation of each individual source. The summary should address certain key questions regarding the contents of each source.

What are the main arguments? What is the point of this book or article? What topics are covered? It is also important to include an assessment of the source. In this case, you will want to consider how it might contribute to your research paper.

Unit 4 Assignment Annotated Bibliography

Is this a useful source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Is its information reliable? How might you employ this source in the writing of the research paper? The finished annotated bibliography should present a number of research sources, summarize their contents, and offer a succinct assessment of their strengths and weaknesses.

Unit 4 Assignment Annotated Bibliography

After you have chosen a subject for the research paper, conduct some preliminary research. Use the library’s research databases to explore your topic. The journal articles and reports that you discover will likely inspire you to further refine your subject matter. Prepare an annotated bibliography that assesses at least three sources likely to prove helpful in the writing of your research paper. The attached example illustrates the form and function of an annotated bibliography and provides a model for you to follow in preparing this week’s writing assignment. For each source, you must provide a full

A.P.A. style citation, a brief summary of that source’s content, and a brief assessment of the source’s potential contributions to your research paper.

Annotated Bibliography Hodgkins Lymphoma

Annotated Bibliography Hodgkins Lymphoma Assignment Develop an Annotated Bibliography for Use in Your Research Paper

Annotated Bibliography Hodgkins Lymphoma
Annotated Bibliography Hodgkins Lymphoma

The purpose of this assignment is to demonstrate progress in compiling research and to indicate a methodology for organizing research sources.

Recommended: Before you begin, review chapters 4ñ6 in A Pocket Style Manual (APA).

Annotated Bibliography Hodgkins Lymphoma

Include the following in your annotated bibliography:

APA citations and annotations for three (3) sources you deem relevant to your problem statement (thesis).

Add these three sources onto your work from last week so that you now have a total of six (6) sources

For each source:

Cite the source in proper APA format. The citations should be organized in alphabetical order by the author as in an APA References page.

Follow with a brief annotation that summarizes the source (approximately 3ñ5 sentences). You may quote from the source, but do not copy and paste from the abstract.

In 1 or 2 sentences, explain and evaluate the sourceís relevance and significance to your research.

Annotated Bibliography Hodgkins Lymphoma

Use an academic tone and style.

Review the rubric for further information on how your assignment will be graded. Include a copy of your working thesis statement at the top of your assignment submission.

Points 50

By submitting this paper, you agree: (1) that you are submitting your paper to be used and stored as part of the SafeAssignô services in accordance with the Blackboard Privacy Policy; (2) that your institution may use your paper in accordance with your institution’s policies; and (3) that your use of SafeAssign will be without recourse against Blackboard Inc. and its affiliates.

Institution Release Statement

I certify the attached paper is my original work and that I acknowledge the institution’s Academic Honor Code and plagiarism statement located here.

Source Provided According To Annotated Bibliography

Source Provided According To Annotated Bibliography Explain The Source Provided According So Annotated Bibliography Outline. In your own words, explain how the source provided contributes to water scarcity affect us socially, economically, and environmentally.

Source Provided According To Annotated Bibliography
Source Provided According To Annotated Bibliography

Fully address purpose, context, and evidence.

In the first sentence, explain the purpose of the source. Then describe the content and elements of the source.

After, explain the overall structure of the source, summarize the evidence the author uses to support claims. Do the author use numbers, graphs, and statistics?

Finally, briefly describe how the source answers my research question: explain changes in the scarcity of water.

Annotated bibliography Assignment

Annotated bibliography Assignment
Annotated bibliography Assignment

Annotated bibliography Assignment

For this assignment you need to locate five (5) sources that you may use for your research paper. Please review the research paper assignment in order to determine if your selected topic will work. The research paper will present a classical argument so you will want to locate sources that support the opposition as well as sources that support the thesis. Your topic needs to be one that can be debated (pro/con, for/against).

The sources that you select may be online, database articles, books, periodicals, interviews, blogs and subject specific encyclopedias. Look for sources that are current and help to develop the thesis of the argument.

When searching the Web, it’s important to critically evaluate your search results:

Look for articles published in scholarly journals

or sources that require certain standards or criteria be met before publication.

Look for materials at Web sites that focus on scholarly resources

(e.g. Google Scholar)

Compare several opinions

by scholars in your topic field, which is another way to verify or evaluate your sources.

Wikipedia and general encyclopedias are not acceptable. If you use these types of sources you will receive a zero on this assignment Also, not more than two works may come from a collection of essays. Do not use the textbook as a source for the annotated bibliography.

For EACH SOURCE you need to give the bibliographic information for the source followed immediately by a short summary of about 50 – 100 words that gives the main points of the source. Next, you will need to have a developed paragraph (about 3 – 5 sentences) that evaluates the source. Finally have a short paragraph that explains how you will use the source and how it relates to your working thesis. This means that each entry will consist of four parts.

Here is a link to a sample on the Purdue OWL website: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/614/03/

List the sources in alphabetical order based on the first word of the entry. The annotated bibliography needs to be double spaced and follow correct 8th edition MLA format. Do not number your sources or use bullets before the sources. Please refer to https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/ for the correct 8th edition MLA format.

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Civilization Annotated Bibliography and Brief Summary

Civilization Annotated Bibliography and Brief Summary An Annotated Bibliography is a set of sources with a brief summary. The student will be required to find five sources, at least one primary, about a civilization of their choosing from the previous weeks’ material.

Civilization Annotated Bibliography and Brief Summary
Civilization Annotated Bibliography and Brief Summary

Please see the assignment section for more details on what is required.

Civilization Annotated Bibliography and Brief Summary Instructions

1) The student will pick a civilization that was covered in week 1 – week 3.

2) The student will search for four academic secondary sources on this civilization.

An academic source is a trustworthy source that is not open author. Wikipedia is an example of an open author source, where the author cannot be verified. For this reason, Wikipedia could not be used as an academic source. Encyclopedias, even closed author, are usually not included as an academic source because they are too general. For this reason, the sources that a student chooses must not be an encyclopedia or a dictionary. Journal articles and books are the best sources here, but there are some academically acceptable websites. Websites take some verification though, you must make sure the author or creator is listed, so that you can verify that they are an expert on the subject.

If a multiple websites are chosen, they must be from different domain names entirely. IE: If a student used www.charlesI.com, even if a specific section on wars, they could not use another section of the website www.charlesI.com.

3) The student will search for one primary source on this civilization.

A primary source is original contemporary material from the civilization you have chosen. An example of this would be a treatise from one of the civilization’s philosophers, a letter from the king of that civilization, a poem or even a work of art from the civilization.

4) The student will create a proper APA formatted reference line for this source.

5) Following the APA formatted reference, the student will summarize the source in a paragraph. It is not expected that students read whole books on a subject, but they should find book reviews, abstracts, or quickly analyze the book to give a brief summary. For websites, a comprehensive description of all aspects of that website should be written. Always cite the home page for the website, not individual pages within the overall website.

6) Finally, the student should write in a few sentences the importance of the source or the usefulness of the source. For example, what can we learn from using this source?

Mental Health Annotated Bibliography

Mental Health Annotated Bibliography
Mental Health Annotated Bibliography

Mental Health Annotated Bibliography

Need to make my annotated bibliography look similar to the sample that is provided.

Annotated Bibliography
Renshaw , Keith D., Allen, Elizabeth S., Rhoades, Galena K., Blais, Rebecca K., Markman, Howard, J. and Stanley, Scott M. (2011). Distress in spouses of service members with symptoms of combat-related PTSD: secondary traumatic stress or general psychological stress? Journal of Family Psychology (Vol. 25, 4). (Pages 461-469). doi:10.1037/a0023994 Retrieved from http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=65072336&site=ehost-live&scope=site
In this study (Renshaw et al, 2012 ); results indicated that there is a link to psychological stress and the need for intervention strategies for spouses of service members with symptoms of combat related PTSD. This article shines light on the need for increased counseling opportunities for returning military personnel, it is important that a cohesive transition back into civilian or continued military life occurs not only for the service member but for the spouse and their families as well. This article is current and published within the last two years. Additionally, the article is considered scholarly and credible in their research as it was retrieved from peer a reviewed journal, by author’s who are well- known researchers in this particular field of study. In fact, the authors of this article, “Distress in spouses of service member with symptoms of combat-related PTSD: Secondary traumatic stress or general psychological stress?” (Renshaw et al, 2011, p. 465), conducted their research via a grant from The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. To have this award, the researchers must have research endeavors underway and all researchers are affiliated with major universities who conduct research of this magnitude on a regular basis.

Taft, Casey T., Schumm, Jeremiah A., Panuzio, Jillian, Proctor, Susan P. (2008). An examination of family adjustment among Operation Desert Storm veterans. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. (Vol. 76, 4). (Pages 648-656). doi: 10.1037/a0012576 Retrieved from http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=33779477&site=ehost-live&scope=site
In this article (Taft, Schumm, Jeremiah, Panuzio, & Proctor, 2008), discuss military wives stress reactions when their husbands were deployed. They further highlight how education and mental health care personnel can help to identify these stress symptoms for those who might be at risk of a mental health diagnosis. With this knowledge, it allows for intervention prior to the symptoms becoming more psychologically damaging. This article is of interest to professional counseling as the issue of stress and trauma to relationships can occur with spouses, who are deployed and those remaining at home. With the intent to keep the family unit intact during and after deployments, it is necessary to implement early prevention strategies. Studies like this are helpful in recognizing these potential issues. This article is current and published in the last five years from a scholarly, peer reviewed journal. In addition, the authors are considered experts in their field and are affiliated with the Veterans Affairs of Boston, Harvard Medical and the National Center for PTSD.
Wexler, Harry K. and McGrath, Ellen (1991). Family member stress reactions to military involvement separation. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training. (Vol. 28, 3). (Pages 515-519). doi: 10.1037/0033-3204.28.3.515 Retrieved from http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pdh&AN=1992-07414-001&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Wexler & McGrath (1991) study the relationship between trauma and stress syndrome in military wives whose husbands have been deployed. The goal of this study indicates a need for additional support and the opportunity for networking and groups of military wives to share experiences and explore different coping mechanisms. Additionally, it suggests counseling for those who need more professional support (Wexler & McGrath, 1991, p. 517). While this journal article is twenty years old and may be considered aged documentation in some academic circles; the topic lends to the discussion of empirical research conducted regarding this theme. In this light, it is considered viable to continued research of active combat of United States military action and those military personnel who have been exposed to active combat in deployment. This article is considered scholarly and credible in their research as it was retrieved from peer a reviewed journal, based on an empirical study, endorsed by the American Psychological Association, and written author’s well- known researchers in this particular field of study.

Annotated Bibliography
Elizabeth Crisomia
Grand Canyon University: UNV 503
March 20, 2019

Annotated Bibliography
Blevins, D., & Khanna, S. (2016). Clinical Implications of Substance Abuse in Young Adults. Psychiatric Times, 33(1), 14–16. Retrieved from https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ofs&AN=113090846&site=eds-live&scope=site

According to Blevins and Khanna (2016), screening students for substance abuse that is not alcohol may be difficult. This is because substances may include hard drugs such as cocaine and heroin. Specific questions targeting specific drugs would likely result in informed and useful information in the collection of data. Their article revealed that substance use involves not only alcohol abuse but also binge drinking and the misuse of prescribed medicine. While others may not be harmed from taking those drugs, others get negatively affected by the abuse of substances. Gaining critical knowledge of the prevalence of specific drug use would help in preventing associated health, behavioral, and social problems. The article is a knowledgeable study since it is derived from the psychiatric time’s database. Therefore, the findings have a high likelihood of becoming valid and useful in the field of psychology. The article provides relevant and critical information on how substance abuse significantly contributes to mental health problems. The information provided would further help in reducing the negative outcomes of substance abuse among students.

Chan, R. C. H., & Mak, W. W. S. (2016). Common sense model of mental illness: Understanding the impact of cognitive and emotional representations of mental illness on recovery through the mediation of self-stigma. Psychiatry Research, 246, 16–24. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2016.09.013

Chan and Mak (2016) sought to understand how self-stigma from the cognitive and mental perception of people in recovery affects clinical and personal healing of people. Stigmatization may not only come from external factors but also internal elements such as personal beliefs as well. Their cross-sectional study showed that self-stigma has a significant role in enabling individual illness influence the recovery process in mental health illnesses. As a result, the authors recommended management programs that were aimed at eliminating misconceptions, emotions, and related beliefs and perceptions of mental illnesses. The article is from the U.S. National Library of Medicine National Institute of Health. The authors are also professors from the department of psychology in Hong Kong thereby making the information provided helpful in understanding how mental health treatment models could be improved. Mental illnesses should be eliminated to promote effective recovery processes among affected individuals. Elimination of negative emotional energies among affected individuals is critical in towards developing self-management techniques in the recovery process of individuals.

Welsh, J. W., Knight, J. R., Hou, S. S.-Y., Malowney, M., Schram, P., Sherritt, L., & Boyd, J. W. (2017). Association Between Substance Use Diagnoses and Psychiatric Disorders in an Adolescent and Young Adult Clinic-Based Population. Journal of Adolescent Health, (6). https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.12.018

Welsh et al. (2017) states the prevalent use of drugs is likely to cause mental health illnesses among adolescents who have high-risk exposure. However, little is known on how substance use is linked to psychiatric health disorders among adolescents. Adolescents are a high-risk population that is likely to be affected by drug abuse due to the high peer pressure and the perceived notion that taking drugs makes one popular. At the same time, the youth is associated with erratic behaviors of wanting to explore the world while engaging in risky behaviors. While building on existing literature studies, the authors concluded that there is a significant correlation between substance use and co-occurring mental health disorders. For instance, anxiety-related disorders were closely associated with the use of opioids. Other mental disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were linked to cocaine and externalized behavior disorders associated with marijuana. The study is also scholarly from the pub med database that is under the U.S. National Library of Medicine National Institute of Health. The authors are also experts from the field of psychiatry and programs of substance abuse. This article is educative and provides essential information as to how abusing drugs may affect the mental health of its users. At the same time, the information provided is preventive actions that warn drug users of the dangers of misusing drugs, particularly among vulnerable populations.

References
Blevins, D., & Khanna, S. (2016). Clinical Implications of Substance Abuse in Young Adults. Psychiatric Times, 33(1), 14–16. Retrieved from https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ofs&AN=113090846&site=eds-live&scope=site
Chan, R. C. H., & Mak, W. W. S. (2016). Common sense model of mental illness: Understanding the impact of cognitive and emotional representations of mental illness on recovery through the mediation of self-stigma. Psychiatry Research, 246, 16–24. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2016.09.013

Welsh, J. W., Knight, J. R., Hou, S. S.-Y., Malowney, M., Schram, P., Sherritt, L., & Boyd, J. W. (2017). Association Between Substance Use Diagnoses and Psychiatric Disorders in an Adolescent and Young Adult Clinic-Based Population. Journal of Adolescent Health, (6). https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.12.018

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Roman Empire Annotated Bibliography

Roman Empire Annotated Bibliography
Roman Empire Annotated Bibliography

Roman Empire Annotated Bibliography

Research Assignment: Annotated Bibliography
Annotated Bibliography: 200 Points.
Each student will write one (1) annotated bibliography, consisting of four (4)
annotated bibliographic entries, which will demonstrates the student’s ability to
collect, analyze, synthesize, and present information in written form, properly
incorporating, citing and documenting sources. For this annotated bibliography,
students must find four (4) valid sources on a selected topic. This is a Library
research project. Specifically, students are required to utilize the ASU Library’s
databases J-Stor and Academic Search Complete to locate full-length scholarly
articles on their research topic.
The four sources utilized for this assignment must all be full-length (minimum of
ten pages each) scholarly articles found in scholarly journals. Each of the four
annotated bibliographic entries must be at least 150 words in length (5-7 sentences)
excluding the citations themselves, for a total minimum of 600 words of annotation.
What are “valid” sources for this assignment?
1) Full-length (minimum ten pages) scholarly articles found in scholarly
journals. NB—History Today is not a scholarly journal.
a) These articles must be published in the English language
b) These articles may not be book reviews
c) These articles must not have been originally published prior to 1960
d) These articles must be directly on your research topic
e) These articles must approach your research topic from a historical
perspective
What are not valid sources for this assignment?
In addition to the restrictions mentioned above, the following are not considered
valid sources:
1) Books of any kind are not valid sources for this assignment.
2) Dictionaries and Encyclopedias, including online dictionaries and
encyclopedias (such as Wikipedia) are not considered valid sources.
3) Websites of any kind are not considered valid sources.
4) Textbooks of any kind, including the course textbook, are not considered valid
sources.
5) Historical documents, or books which are collections of historical documents,
are not considered valid sources.
6) Book reviews, even if they are found in scholarly journals, are not considered
valid sources.
7) Scholarly articles which are fewer than ten pages in length are not considered
valid sources.
2
8) Scholarly articles originally published prior to 1960 are not considered valid
sources for this assignment.
9) Scholarly articles published in any language other than English are not
considered valid sources for this assignment.
10) Any scholarly article which does not deal directly with your research topic,
and approach it from a historical perspective, is not considered a valid source.
This is a history assignment. The selected topics, and the sources employed, should
address themes that fall within the chronological parameters of the course. If your
research topic is Chinese Buddhism from 500 to 1500 CE, you may not employ as a
source an article about Chinese Buddhism in the 19th century; nor may you employ as a
source an article about Indian Buddhism, even if it deals with the appropriate time frame.
Each of the four entries will be graded on grammar, style, format, level of detail,
historical accuracy, and proper citation of sources. Annotated Bibliographies
containing any amount of plagiarism will receive a grade of
Zero (“0”), with no opportunity for a re-write.
Minimum standard: students must score sixty percent (60%) of all points available (that
is, 120 out of 200 points).
What is an Annotated Bibliography?
A standard bibliography is a list of citations of sources (books, journals, periodicals,
etc.) one has used for researching a topic. Standard Bibliographies are sometimes called
“references” or “works cited” depending on the style format you are using. A standard
bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic citation information (i.e., the
author, title, publisher, etc.) for each source in the bibliography. For articles, most of the
elements of proper citation—author(s), title of article, title of journal in which article
appears, volume and issue number of the journal in which the article appears, date of
publication of that particular issue, and the page range that the article covers in that
particular issue, can usually be found at the very top of the first page of the article.
An annotation is a summary and evaluation of a scholarly source. Therefore, an
annotated bibliography includes not only complete citation information for each source,
but also a summary and evaluation of each source. For this assignment, each of your four
annotations will do the following (in five to seven complete sentences per annotation):
1) Summarize: What is the main argument of the article? What are the major points
raised by the author?
2) Evaluate: does the source seem reliable? What sorts of evidence does the author
employ? Does the evidence provided by the author support the major claims made by
the author?
3) Assess: How does this work address your research topic and advance your
understanding of that topic?
3
Examples of bibliographic citation, presented in proper University of Chicago
format.
An example of proper bibliographic citation of an article:
Jaggard, Edwin. “Small Boroughs and Political Modernization, 1832-1868: a Cornwall
Case Study.” Albion 29, no. 4 (1998), pp. 622-642.
(Note that bibliographic citations for articles contain: 1) the name of the author(s); 2) the
name of the article; 3) the name of the scholarly journal in which the article appears; 4)
volume number and issue number of the journal in which the article appears; 5) the date
of publication of the issue of the journal in which the article appears; and 6) the page
range which the article covers in that particular issue of the journal).
Example of an annotated bibliographic citation:
Saunders, Robert. “The Politics of Reform and the Making of the Second Reform Act, 1848-
1867.” Historical Journal 50, no. 3 (2007), pp. 571-591.
Saunders’ article seeks to situate the 1867 passage of the Second Reform Act in the
politics of the preceding two decades, which is an approach that other historians have
rejected. He argues that the failure to enact Reform in the 1850s or early 1860s was not
the consequence of Conservative hostility to all political reform, but rather of the
inability of Conservatives and Liberals to agree upon which types of political reforms
were desirable. Saunders’ approach provides a helpful reminder of the centrality of the
question of political reform to the unfolding Liberal/Conservative debate of the 1850s
and 1860s; yet he is not really able to demonstrate that the actual passage of the 1867
Reform Act was much influenced by that debate. Nevertheless, Saunders’ research is
sound, drawing on a range of primary source documents including transcripts of
parliamentary debates and the private correspondence of key politicians. This article
has advanced my understanding of the 1867 Reform Act by illustrating the ways in
which it was, and was not, influenced by the political debates of the 1850s and early
1860s.
Assignment Details:
? Your Annotated Bibliography must include four valid sources. These sources must
be full length (minimum of ten pages each) scholarly articles found in scholarly
journals. Sources other than these are not considered valid.
? The heading of your Annotated Bibliography should include your name, course and
section number, and the instructor’s name (Dr. Markus), all in the upper left corner.
? The title should be centered. It should read “Annotated Bibliography for research on
4
_______________ ” (where the blank is your specific research topic).
? Each entry should follow exactly the format provided in the example above, including
the use of indentation, spacing, etc. Each entry must include the bibliographic
information for the source in question presented in proper citation format (see above
example). Each annotation must be 5-7 complete sentences in length (minimum 150
words per annotation).
? Do not number the entries.
? The annotation for each entry should be indented and separated from the
bibliographic citation by a single blank space. (See above example).
? There should be a single blank space between each of the three entries.
? Do not commit plagiarism when writing the annotations. You must use your own
words when composing the annotations. You are not to employ quotations of any
kind—either from the source or from a printed abstract of the source. Those who
commit plagiarism on this assignment will receive a grade of
Zero, with no opportunity to resubmit it.
Procedure:
1) Select a research topic.
a. Students are to submit a list of five possible topics, drawn from the Research
Topic List which has been provided to you, by 5 PM on Tuesday January 15.
This list of five topics must be saved as a Microsoft Word file and uploaded to
Blackboard via the assignments page. You must upload your list of five potential
topics in the appropriate assignment slot. Please note: it is a good idea to choose
some of your selections from topics which will be covered later in the course; not
everyone will be able to write on something we have already discussed. Students
who fail to submit their list of five potential research topics properly and on
time will be penalized five points per day from their final grade for on their
annotated bibliography.
b. The Instructor will notify the student of which topic they may conduct their
research on.
2) Conduct Research on selected topic.
a. Locate four valid sources utilizing the University’s Library Databases Academic
Search Complete and J-Stor. These four sources must be full length (minimum of
ten pages) articles from scholarly journals.
b. No websites or books of any kind may be employed as sources. Reference
books (e.g. Encyclopedias) may be employed as sources; textbooks may not
be employed as sources; Document collections may not be employed as a
source; Book reviews may not be employed as sources.
c. Make sure that the articles you select are actually about your research topic.
Titles can often be misleading.
d. When you have located your sources, read them and take notes. Your notes will
help you when it comes time to write the annotations. Make sure that you take
5
notes in your own words, as no quotations from the sources may appear in
the annotations.
3) Students are to submit a Standard Bibliography containing four valid, on-topic sources,
in proper citation format, by 5 PM on Friday February 8. This Bibliography must be
saved as a Microsoft Word document and uploaded to Blackboard in the appropriate
assignment slot. Students who fail to submit their Standard Bibliography properly
and on time will be penalized five points per day from their final grade on their
annotated bibliography.
4) Students are to submit the completed Annotated Bibliography, containing four
annotated sources, by 5 PM on Monday March 25. The annotated bibliography must be
saved as a Microsoft Word file and uploaded to Blackboard in the appropriate assignment
slot. Students who fail to submit their Annotated Bibliography properly and on time
will be penalized five points per day from their final grade on this assignment.
5) All files submitted to Blackboard must be Microsoft Word files (.doc or .docx). PDF
files, Microsoft Works files, and Google Docs files are not acceptable.

Jaylen Rencher
Annotated Bibliography
Dr. Markus
February 11, 2019

Roman Empire (27 BCE to 476 CE)

Temin, Peter. “Financial Intermediation in the Early Roman Empire.” The Journal of Economic History 64, no. 3 (2004): 705-33. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3874817

Sweetman, Rebecca J. “Roman Knossos: The Nature of a Globalized City.” American Journal of Archaeology 111, no. 1 (2007): 61-81. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40024581

Temin, Peter. “The Economy of the Early Roman Empire.” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 20, no. 1 (2006): 133-51. http://www.jstor.org/stable/30033637

Temin, Peter. “The Labor Market of the Early Roman Empire.” The Journal of Interdisciplinary History 34, no. 4 (2004): 513-38. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3656762

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